Imperial College London

ProfessorMajidEzzati

Faculty of MedicineSchool of Public Health

Chair in Global Environmental Health
 
 
 
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Contact

 

+44 (0)20 7594 0767majid.ezzati Website

 
 
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Location

 

Norfolk PlaceSt Mary's Campus

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Summary

 

Publications

Publication Type
Year
to

343 results found

Ezzati M, Martin H, Skjold S, Hoorn SV, Murray CJLet al., 2006, Trends in national and state-level obesity in the USA after correction for self-report bias: analysis of health surveys, JOURNAL OF THE ROYAL SOCIETY OF MEDICINE, Vol: 99, Pages: 250-257, ISSN: 0141-0768

Journal article

Pongou R, Ezzati M, Salomon JA, 2006, Household and community socioeconomic and environmental determinants of child nutritional status in Cameroon, BMC PUBLIC HEALTH, Vol: 6

Journal article

Jin YL, Zhou Z, He GL, Wei HZ, Liu J, Liu F, Tang N, Ying B, Liu YC, Hu GH, Wang HW, Balakrishnan K, Watson K, Baris E, Ezzati Met al., 2005, Geographical, spatial, and temporal distributions of multiple indoor air pollutants in four Chinese provinces, ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCE & TECHNOLOGY, Vol: 39, Pages: 9431-9439, ISSN: 0013-936X

Journal article

Murray CJL, Kulkarni S, Ezzati M, 2005, Eight Americas - New perspectives on US health disparities, AMERICAN JOURNAL OF PREVENTIVE MEDICINE, Vol: 29, Pages: 4-10, ISSN: 0749-3797

Journal article

Danaei G, Vander Hoorn S, Lopez AD, Murray CJL, Ezzati Met al., 2005, Causes of cancer in the world: comparative risk assessment of nine behavioural and environmental risk factors, LANCET, Vol: 366, Pages: 1784-1793, ISSN: 0140-6736

Journal article

Powles JW, Zatonski W, Vander Hoorn S, Ezzati Met al., 2005, The contribution of leading diseases and risk factors to excess losses of healthy life in eastern Europe: burden of disease study, BMC PUBLIC HEALTH, Vol: 5, ISSN: 1471-2458

Journal article

Ezzati M, Henley SJ, Lopez AD, Thun MJet al., 2005, Role of smoking in global and regional cancer epidemiology: current patterns and data needs, INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF CANCER, Vol: 116, Pages: 963-971, ISSN: 0020-7136

Journal article

Ezzati M, Henley SJ, Thun MJ, Lopez ADet al., 2005, Role of smoking in global and regional cardiovascular mortality, CIRCULATION, Vol: 112, Pages: 489-497, ISSN: 0009-7322

Journal article

Ezzati M, 2005, Indoor air pollution and health in developing countries, LANCET, Vol: 366, Pages: 104-106, ISSN: 0140-6736

Journal article

Ezzati M, Vander Hoorn S, Lawes CMM, Leach R, James WPT, Lopez AD, Rodgers A, Murray CJLet al., 2005, Rethinking the "diseases of affluence" paradigm: Global patterns of nutritional risks in relation to economic development, PLOS MEDICINE, Vol: 2, Pages: 404-412, ISSN: 1549-1676

Journal article

Bailis R, Ezzati M, Kammen DM, 2005, Mortality and greenhouse gas impacts of biomass and petroleum energy futures in Africa, SCIENCE, Vol: 308, Pages: 98-103, ISSN: 0036-8075

Journal article

He GL, Ying B, Liu J, Gao SR, Shen S, Balakrishnan K, Jin YL, Liu F, Tang N, Shi K, Baris E, Ezzati Met al., 2005, Patterns of household concentrations of multiple indoor air pollutants in China, ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCE & TECHNOLOGY, Vol: 39, Pages: 991-998, ISSN: 0013-936X

Journal article

Ezzati M, Utzinger J, Cairncross S, Cohen AJ, Singer BHet al., 2005, Environmental risks in the developing world: exposure indicators for evaluating interventions, programmes, and policies, JOURNAL OF EPIDEMIOLOGY AND COMMUNITY HEALTH, Vol: 59, Pages: 15-22, ISSN: 0143-005X

Journal article

Jin YL, Zhou Z, He GL, Wei HZ, Liu J, Liu F, Tang N, Ying B, Liu YC, Hu GH, Wang HW, Balakrishnan K, Watson K, Baris E, Ezzati Met al., 2005, Spatial distributions of indoor household concentrations of multiple air pollutants in four Chinese provinces, 10th International Conference on Indoor Air Quality and Climate (Indoor Air 2005), Publisher: TSINGHUA UNIVERSITY PRESS, Pages: 3676-3680

Conference paper

Jin YL, Ma X, Wei HZ, Liu F, Chen XN, Lan YJ, Tang N, Zhou Z, Yuan P, Cheng YB, Kai S, Baris E, Ezzati Met al., 2005, Knowledge of hazards from indoor air pollution from household energy use in rural China, 10th International Conference on Indoor Air Quality and Climate (Indoor Air 2005), Publisher: TSINGHUA UNIVERSITY PRESS, Pages: 3681-3684

Conference paper

Ezzati M, Vander Hoorn S, Rodgers A, 2005, Estimates of global and regional potential health gains from reducing multiple major risk factors (vol 362, pg 271, 2003), LANCET, Vol: 365, Pages: 28-28, ISSN: 0140-6736

Journal article

Smith KR, Ezzati M, 2005, How environmental health risks change with development: The epidemiologic and environmental risk transitions revisited, ANNUAL REVIEW OF ENVIRONMENT AND RESOURCES, Vol: 30, Pages: 291-333, ISSN: 1543-5938

Journal article

Ezzati M, Utzinger J, Cairncross S, Cohen AJ, Singer BHet al., 2005, Environmental risks in the developing world: exposure indicators for evaluating interventions, programmes, and policies., J Epidemiol Community Health, Vol: 59, Pages: 15-22, ISSN: 0143-005X

BACKGROUND: Monitoring and empirical evaluation are essential components of evidence based public health policies and programmes. Consequently, there is a growing interest in monitoring of, and indicators for, major environmental health risks, particularly in the developing world. Current large scale data collection efforts are generally disconnected from micro-scale studies in health sciences, which in turn have insufficiently investigated the behavioural and socioeconomic factors that influence exposure. STUDY DESIGN: A basic framework is proposed for development of indicators of exposure to environmental health risks that would facilitate the (a) assessment of the health effects of risk factors, (b) design and evaluation of interventions and programmes to deliver the interventions, and (c) appraisal and quantification of inequalities in health effects of risk factors, and benefits of intervention programmes and policies. Specific emphasis is put on the features of environmental risks that should guide the choice of indicators, in particular the interactions of technology, the environment, and human behaviour in determining exposure. The indicators are divided into four categories: (a) access and infrastructure, (b) technology, (c) agents and vectors, and (d) behaviour. The study used water and sanitation, indoor air pollution from solid fuels, urban ambient air pollution, and malaria as illustrative examples for this framework. CONCLUSIONS: Organised and systematic indicator selection and monitoring can provide an evidence base for design and implementation of more effective and equitable technological interventions, delivery programmes, and policies for environmental health risks in resource poor settings.

Journal article

Ezzati M, Lopez AD, 2004, Regional, disease specific patterns of smoking-attributable mortality in 2000, TOBACCO CONTROL, Vol: 13, Pages: 388-395, ISSN: 0964-4563

Journal article

Baris E, Ezzati M, 2004, Should interventions to reduce respirable pollutants be linked to tuberculosis control programmes?, BMJ-BRITISH MEDICAL JOURNAL, Vol: 329, Pages: 1090-1093, ISSN: 1756-1833

Journal article

Rodgers A, Ezzati M, Hoorn SV, Lopez AD, Lin RB, Murray CJLet al., 2004, Distribution of major health risks: Findings from the global burden of disease study, PLoS Medicine, Vol: 1, Pages: 44-55, ISSN: 1549-1277

BackgroundMost analyses of risks to health focus on the total burden of their aggregate effects. The distribution of risk-factor-attributable disease burden, for example by age or exposure level, can inform the selection and targeting of specific interventions and programs, and increase cost-effectiveness.Methods and FindingsFor 26 selected risk factors, expert working groups conducted comprehensive reviews of data on risk-factor exposure and hazard for 14 epidemiological subregions of the world, by age and sex. Age-sex-subregion-population attributable fractions were estimated and applied to the mortality and burden of disease estimates from the World Health Organization Global Burden of Disease database. Where possible, exposure levels were assessed as continuous measures, or as multiple categories. The proportion of risk-factor-attributable burden in different population subgroups, defined by age, sex, and exposure level, was estimated. For major cardiovascular risk factors (blood pressure, cholesterol, tobacco use, fruit and vegetable intake, body mass index, and physical inactivity) 43%–61% of attributable disease burden occurred between the ages of 15 and 59 y, and 87% of alcohol-attributable burden occurred in this age group. Most of the disease burden for continuous risks occurred in those with only moderately raised levels, not among those with levels above commonly used cut-points, such as those with hypertension or obesity. Of all disease burden attributable to being underweight during childhood, 55% occurred among children 1–3 standard deviations below the reference population median, and the remainder occurred among severely malnourished children, who were three or more standard deviations below median.ConclusionsMany major global risks are widely spread in a population, rather than restricted to a minority. Population-based strategies that seek to shift the whole distribution of risk factors often have the potential to produce substantial r

Journal article

Ezzati M, 2004, How can cross-country research on health risks strengthen interventions? Lessons from INTERHEART, LANCET, Vol: 364, Pages: 912-914, ISSN: 0140-6736

Journal article

Ezzati M, Bailis R, Kammen DM, Holloway T, Price L, Cifuentes LA, Barnes B, Chaurey A, Dhanapala KNet al., 2004, Energy management and global health, ANNUAL REVIEW OF ENVIRONMENT AND RESOURCES, Vol: 29, Pages: 383-419, ISSN: 1543-5938

Journal article

Ezzati M, Lopez AD, 2003, Estimates of global mortality attributable to smoking in 2000, LANCET, Vol: 362, Pages: 847-852, ISSN: 0140-6736

Journal article

Ezzati M, Vander Hoorn S, Rodgers A, Lopez AD, Mathers CD, Murray CJLet al., 2003, Estimates of global and regional potential health gains from reducing multiple major risk factors, LANCET, Vol: 362, Pages: 271-280, ISSN: 0140-6736

Journal article

Bailis R, Ezzati M, Kammen DM, 2003, Greenhouse gas implications of household energy technology in Kenya, ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCE & TECHNOLOGY, Vol: 37, Pages: 2051-2059, ISSN: 0013-936X

Journal article

Mathers CD, Murray CJL, Ezzati M, Gakidou E, Salomon JA, Stein Cet al., 2003, Population health metrics: crucial inputs to the development of evidence for health policy., Popul Health Metr, Vol: 1, ISSN: 1478-7954

Valid, reliable and comparable measures of the health states of individuals and of the health status of populations are critical components of the evidence base for health policy. We need to develop population health measurement strategies that coherently address the relationships between epidemiological measures (such as risk exposures, incidence, and mortality rates) and multi-domain measures of population health status, while ensuring validity and cross-population comparability.Studies reporting on descriptive epidemiology of major diseases, injuries and risk factors, and on the measurement of health at the population level - either for monitoring trends in health levels or inequalities or for measuring broad outcomes of health systems and social interventions - are not well-represented in traditional epidemiology journals, which tend to concentrate on causal studies and on quasi-experimental design. In particular, key methodological issues relating to the clear conceptualisation of, and the validity and comparability of measures of population health are currently not addressed coherently by any discipline, and cross-disciplinary debate is fragmented and often conducted in mutually incomprehensible language or paradigms. Population health measurement potentially bridges a range of currently disjoint fields of inquiry relating to health: biology, demography, epidemiology, health economics, and broader social science disciplines relevant to assessment of health determinants, health state valuations and health inequalities.This new journal will focus on the importance of a population based approach to measurement as a way to characterize the complexity of people's health, the diseases and risks that affect it, its distribution, and its valuation, and will attempt to provide a forum for innovative work and debate that bridge the many fields of inquiry relevant to population health in order to contribute to the development of valid and comparable methods for the measu

Journal article

Murray CJL, Ezzati M, Lopez AD, Rodgers A, Vander Hoorn Set al., 2003, Comparative quantification of health risks conceptual framework and methodological issues., Popul Health Metr, Vol: 1, ISSN: 1478-7954

Reliable and comparable analysis of risks to health is key for preventing disease and injury. Causal attribution of morbidity and mortality to risk factors has traditionally been conducted in the context of methodological traditions of individual risk factors, often in a limited number of settings, restricting comparability.In this paper, we discuss the conceptual and methodological issues for quantifying the population health effects of individual or groups of risk factors in various levels of causality using knowledge from different scientific disciplines. The issues include: comparing the burden of disease due to the observed exposure distribution in a population with the burden from a hypothetical distribution or series of distributions, rather than a single reference level such as non-exposed; considering the multiple stages in the causal network of interactions among risk factor(s) and disease outcome to allow making inferences about some combinations of risk factors for which epidemiological studies have not been conducted, including the joint effects of multiple risk factors; calculating the health loss due to risk factor(s) as a time-indexed "stream" of disease burden due to a time-indexed "stream" of exposure, including consideration of discounting; and the sources of uncertainty.

Journal article

Ezzati M, Lopez AD, 2003, Measuring the accumulated hazards of smoking: global and regional estimates for 2000, TOBACCO CONTROL, Vol: 12, Pages: 79-85, ISSN: 0964-4563

Journal article

Ezzati M, 2003, Complexity and rigour in assessing the health dimensions of sectoral policies and programmes, BULLETIN OF THE WORLD HEALTH ORGANIZATION, Vol: 81, Pages: 458-459, ISSN: 0042-9686

Journal article

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