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Chair in Global Environmental Health



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BibTex format

author = {Peet, ED and McCoy, DC and Danaei, G and Ezzati, M and Fawzi, W and Jarvelin, M-R and Pillas, D and Fink, G},
doi = {10.1371/journal.pone.0137219},
journal = {PLOS One},
title = {Early Childhood Development and Schooling Attainment: Longitudinal Evidence from British, Finnish and Philippine Birth Cohorts},
url = {},
volume = {10},
year = {2015}

RIS format (EndNote, RefMan)

AB - BackgroundWhile recent literature has highlighted the importance of early childhood development for later life outcomes, comparatively little is known regarding the relative importance of early physical and cognitive development in predicting educational attainment cross-culturally.MethodsWe used prospective data from three birth cohorts: the Northern Finland Birth Cohort of 1986 (NFBC1986), the 1970 British Cohort Study (BCS1970), and the Cebu Longitudinal Health and Nutrition Survey of 1983 (CLHNS) to assess the association of height-for-age z-score (HAZ) and cognitive development measured prior to age 8 with schooling attainment. Multivariate linear regression models were used to estimate baseline and adjusted associations.ResultsBoth physical and cognitive development were highly predictive of adult educational attainment conditional on parental characteristics. The largest positive associations between physical development and schooling were found in the CLHNS (β = 0.53, 95%-CI: [0.32, 0.74]) with substantially smaller associations in the BCS1970 (β = 0.10, 95% CI [0.04, 0.16]) and the NFBC1986 (β = 0.06, 95% CI [-0.05, 0.16]). Strong associations between cognitive development and educational attainment were found for all three cohorts (NFBC1986: β = 0.22, 95%-CI: [0.12, 0.31], BCS1970: β = 0.58, 95%-CI: [0.52, 0.64], CLHNS: β = 1.08, 95%-CI: [0.88, 1.27]). Models jointly estimating educational associations of physical and cognitive development demonstrated weaker associations for physical development and minimal changes for cognitive development.ConclusionThe results indicate that although physical and cognitive early development are both important predictors of educational attainment, cognitive development appears to play a particularly important role. The large degree of heterogeneity in the observed effect sizes suggest that the importance of early life physical growth and cognitive development is highly dependent on socioecono
AU - Peet,ED
AU - McCoy,DC
AU - Danaei,G
AU - Ezzati,M
AU - Fawzi,W
AU - Jarvelin,M-R
AU - Pillas,D
AU - Fink,G
DO - 10.1371/journal.pone.0137219
PY - 2015///
SN - 1932-6203
TI - Early Childhood Development and Schooling Attainment: Longitudinal Evidence from British, Finnish and Philippine Birth Cohorts
T2 - PLOS One
UR -
UR -
VL - 10
ER -