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BibTex format

author = {Feigin, VL and Krishnamurthi, RV and Parmar, P and Norrving, B and Mensah, GA and Bennett, DA and Barker-Collo, S and Moran, AE and Sacco, RL and Truelsen, T and Davis, S and Pandian, JD and Naghavi, M and Forouzanfar, MH and Nguyen, G and Johnson, CO and Vos, T and Meretoja, A and Murray, CJL and Roth, GA and Group, GBDW and Group, GBDSPE},
doi = {10.1159/000441085},
journal = {Neuroepidemiology},
pages = {161--176},
title = {Update on the Global Burden of Ischemic and Hemorrhagic Stroke in 1990-2013: The GBD 2013 Study},
url = {},
volume = {45},
year = {2015}

RIS format (EndNote, RefMan)

AB - BACKGROUND: Global stroke epidemiology is changing rapidly. Although age-standardized rates of stroke mortality have decreased worldwide in the past 2 decades, the absolute numbers of people who have a stroke every year, and live with the consequences of stroke or die from their stroke, are increasing. Regular updates on the current level of stroke burden are important for advancing our knowledge on stroke epidemiology and facilitate organization and planning of evidence-based stroke care. OBJECTIVES: This study aims to estimate incidence, prevalence, mortality, disability-adjusted life years (DALYs) and years lived with disability (YLDs) and their trends for ischemic stroke (IS) and hemorrhagic stroke (HS) for 188 countries from 1990 to 2013. METHODOLOGY: Stroke incidence, prevalence, mortality, DALYs and YLDs were estimated using all available data on mortality and stroke incidence, prevalence and excess mortality. Statistical models and country-level covariate data were employed, and all rates were age-standardized to a global population. All estimates were produced with 95% uncertainty intervals (UIs). RESULTS: In 2013, there were globally almost 25.7 million stroke survivors (71% with IS), 6.5 million deaths from stroke (51% died from IS), 113 million DALYs due to stroke (58% due to IS) and 10.3 million new strokes (67% IS). Over the 1990-2013 period, there was a significant increase in the absolute number of DALYs due to IS, and of deaths from IS and HS, survivors and incident events for both IS and HS. The preponderance of the burden of stroke continued to reside in developing countries, comprising 75.2% of deaths from stroke and 81.0% of stroke-related DALYs. Globally, the proportional contribution of stroke-related DALYs and deaths due to stroke compared to all diseases increased from 1990 (3.54% (95% UI 3.11-4.00) and 9.66% (95% UI 8.47-10.70), respectively) to 2013 (4.62% (95% UI 4.01-5.30) and 11.75% (95% UI 10.45-13.31), respectively), but there was a d
AU - Feigin,VL
AU - Krishnamurthi,RV
AU - Parmar,P
AU - Norrving,B
AU - Mensah,GA
AU - Bennett,DA
AU - Barker-Collo,S
AU - Moran,AE
AU - Sacco,RL
AU - Truelsen,T
AU - Davis,S
AU - Pandian,JD
AU - Naghavi,M
AU - Forouzanfar,MH
AU - Nguyen,G
AU - Johnson,CO
AU - Vos,T
AU - Meretoja,A
AU - Murray,CJL
AU - Roth,GA
AU - Group,GBDW
DO - 10.1159/000441085
EP - 176
PY - 2015///
SP - 161
TI - Update on the Global Burden of Ischemic and Hemorrhagic Stroke in 1990-2013: The GBD 2013 Study
T2 - Neuroepidemiology
UR -
VL - 45
ER -