Imperial College London


Faculty of MedicineSchool of Public Health

Lecturer in Biostatistics



+44 (0)20 7594 1177monica.pirani




526Norfolk PlaceSt Mary's Campus





Research Overview

My research is based upon the development of statistical methods driven by real-world applications, at the intersection of environment, changes in climate and population health.

Current methodological research focuses on spatial and spatiotemporal statistics, time-series analysis, dimension reduction and methods for the integration of multi-scale sources of data. I am also interested in Bayesian hierarchical modelling approaches, and in the exploitation of hierarchical modelling ideas into Bayesian nonparametric statistics.


I am currently module co-leader for Bayesian modelling for spatial and spatio-temporal data as part of the MSc in Epidemiology. 


I received my PhD in Environmental Studies from King’s College London (2016), working on Bayesian statistical modelling for correlated metrics of exposure. I obtained a BSc and MSc in Biostatistics and Experimental Statistics from the University of Milan-Bicocca (2009) with a thesis on spatial statistics, and a MSc in Epidemiology from the Catholic University of Rome (2004). Before that, I received a degree in Political Science (curriculum Sociology) and a post-degree Specialization in Sociology of Health from the University of Bologna (2001).

Selected Publications

Journal Articles

Castellani B, Bartington S, Wistow J, et al., 2022, Mitigating the impact of air pollution on dementia and brain health: Setting the policy agenda, Environmental Research, Vol:215, ISSN:0013-9351, Pages:114362-114362

Baerenbold O, Meis M, Martínez‐Hernández I, et al., 2022, A dependent Bayesian Dirichlet process model for source apportionment of particle number size distribution, Environmetrics, ISSN:1180-4009

Konstantinoudis G, Cameletti M, Gómez-Rubio, et al., 2022, Regional excess mortality during the 2020 COVID-19 pandemic in five European countries, Nature Communications, Vol:13, ISSN:2041-1723, Pages:1-11

Huang G, Blangiardo M, Brown PE, et al., 2021, Long-term exposure to air pollution and COVID-19 incidence: A multi-country study, Spatial and Spatio-temporal Epidemiology, Vol:39, ISSN:1877-5845, Pages:1-11

Maes MJA, Pirani M, Booth ER, et al., 2021, Benefit of woodland and other natural environments for adolescents' cognition and mental health, Nature Sustainability, Vol:4, ISSN:2398-9629, Pages:851-858

Pirani M, Mason A, Hansell A, et al., 2020, A flexible hierarchical framework for improving inference in area-referenced environmental health studies, Biometrical Journal, Vol:62, ISSN:0323-3847, Pages:1650-1669

Blangiardo M, Cameletti M, Pirani M, et al., 2020, Estimating weekly excess mortality at sub-national level in Italy during the COVID-19 pandemic, PLOS One, Vol:15, ISSN:1932-6203

Wang Y, Pirani M, Hansell A, et al., 2019, Using ecological propensity score to adjust for missing confounders in small area studies, Biostatistics, Vol:20, ISSN:1465-4644, Pages:1-16

Blangiardo M, Pirani M, Kanapka L, et al., 2019, A hierarchical modelling approach to assess multi pollutant effects in time-series studies, PLOS One, Vol:14, ISSN:1932-6203

Pirani M, Panton A, Purdie DA, et al., 2016, Modelling macronutrient dynamics in the Hampshire Avon river: a Bayesian approach to estimate seasonal variability and total flux, Science of the Total Environment, Vol:572, ISSN:0048-9697, Pages:1449-1460

Morandi G, Periche Tomas E, Pirani M, 2016, Mortality risk in alcoholic patients in northern Italy: comorbidity and treatment retention effects in a 30-year follow-up study, Alcohol and Alcoholism, Vol:51, ISSN:1464-3502, Pages:63-70

Pirani M, Best N, Blangiardo M, et al., 2015, Analysing the health effects of simultaneous exposure to physical and chemical properties of airborne particles, Environment International, Vol:79, ISSN:0160-4120, Pages:56-64

Alpaca RIP, Forastiere F, Pirani M, 2013, Low exposure to lead and reproductive health: a cohort study of female workers in the ceramic industry of Emilia-Romagna (Northern Italy), Epidemiologia & Prevenzione, Vol:37, ISSN:1120-9763, Pages:367-375

Pirani M, Gulliver J, Fuller G, et al., 2013, Bayesian spatiotemporal modelling for the assessment of short-term exposure to particle pollution in urban areas, Journal of Exposure Science & Environmental Epidemiology, Vol:N/A, ISSN:1559-064X

Pirani M, Marcheselli R, Marcheselli L, et al., 2011, Risk for second malignancies in non-Hodgkin's lymphoma survivors: a meta-analysis, Annals of Oncology, Vol:22, ISSN:0923-7534, Pages:1845-1858

El Mistiri M, Pirani M, El Sahli N, et al., 2010, Cancer profile in Eastern Libya: incidence and mortality in the year 2004, Annals of Oncology, Vol:21, ISSN:0923-7534, Pages:1924-1925

Federico M, Pirani M, Rashid I, et al., 2010, Cancer incidence in people with residential exposure to a municipal waste incinerator: An ecological study in Modena (Italy), 1991-2005, Waste Management, Vol:30, ISSN:0956-053X, Pages:1362-1370

Agabiti N, Pirani M, Schifano P, et al., 2009, Income level and chronic ambulatory care sensitive conditions in adults: a multicity population-based study in Italy, Bmc Public Health, Vol:9

Ferretti S, Guzzinati S, Zambon P, et al., 2009, Cancer incidence estimation by hospital discharge flow as compared with cancer registries data, Epidemiologia & Prevenzione, Vol:33, ISSN:1120-9763, Pages:147-153

Gerra G, Bertacca S, Zaimovic A, et al., 2008, Relationship of personality traits and drug of choice by cocaine addicts and heroin addicts, Substance Use & Misuse, Vol:43, ISSN:1082-6084, Pages:317-330

Pirani M, Schifano P, Agabiti N, et al., 2006, [Potentially avoidable hospitalisation in Bologna, 1997-2000: temporal trend and differences by income level]., Epidemiologia & Prevenzione, Vol:30, ISSN:1120-9763, Pages:169-177

Antolini G, Pirani M, Morandi G, et al., 2006, [Gender difference and mortality in a cohort of heroin users in the Provinces of Modena and Ferrara, 1975-1999]., Epidemiologia & Prevenzione, Vol:30, ISSN:1120-9763, Pages:91-99


Sacchi S, Pirani M, Marcheselli L, et al., 2009, Second Malignancy After Treatment for Non-Hodgkin Lymphoma: a Systematic Review and a Meta-Analysis of Population-Based and Cohort Studies, 51st Annual Meeting of the American-Society-of-Hematology, AMER SOC HEMATOLOGY, Pages:761-761, ISSN:0006-4971

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