Imperial College London


Faculty of EngineeringDepartment of Materials

Chair in Electromagnetic Nanomaterials



+44 (0)20 7594 6783n.klein Website




RSM 201CRoyal School of MinesSouth Kensington Campus





It is with great sadness that we received the news of the recent death of our dear colleague Professor Norbert Klein. Professor Klein made a tremendous contribution to our Department and will be painfully missed by many.

We have an online condolence book for Professor Klein, where you can leave a message of remembrance, share photos and stories. 

If you would like to leave a message, please visit this condolence webpage created in memory of Norbert.

Norbert Klein received his Diploma and PhD in Physics from University of Wuppertal in Germany. In 1990, he joined Juelich Research Center in Germany and worked there as division leader for electromagnetic sensors till September 2009. From 1998 till 2009, Norbert  was lecturer for Physics at the Technical University of Aachen (Habilitation) and Technical University of Dortmund in Germany.

In October 2009, Norbert  joined the Department of Materials as full professor and Chair in Electromagnetic Materials.  His work is linked with different teams at the National Physical Laboratory, where he holds a part time distinguished research fellow position. At Imperial, he launched the Centre of Terahertz Science and Engineering (CTSE), and he holds the position of the director of the CTSE. The CTSE, which is jointly operated with the Department of Electrical and Electronic Engineering, is one of the top UK facilities for THz research, the equipment include top benchmark vector network analyzers for frequencies up to 500 GHz and a picosecond time domain spectrometer for 0.1 - 3 THz.

Norbert's main scientific activities are in the area of electromagnetic material characterization and sensor applications, but also on microwave and terahertz devices for communciation and sensing. One current focus is on graphene and related 2D materials, where Norbert is currently establishing a cluster system for 4" graphene growth by chemical vapour deposition. The other focus is on microwave-to-terahertz biosensing, in particular blood analysis by microfluidic-resonator assemblies and single cell detecion in biological liquids. 

Norbert  has developed practical sensors for security applications - based on earlier work on microwave filters and oscillators for mobile communication, and he holds more than 15 patents. In 2007, he spun out a company (EMISENS), which successfully commercializes a microwave based bottle scanner for airport checkpoints.


Selected Publications

Journal Articles

Basey-Fisher TH, Guerra N, Triulzi C, et al., 2014, Microwaving Blood as a Non-Destructive Technique for Haemoglobin Measurements on Microlitre Samples, Advanced Healthcare Materials, Vol:3, ISSN:2192-2640, Pages:536-542

Hanham SM, Fernandez-Dominguez AI, Teng JH, et al., 2012, Broadband Terahertz Plasmonic Response of Touching InSb Disks, Advanced Materials, Vol:24, ISSN:0935-9648, Pages:OP226-OP230

Hao L, Mattevi C, Gallop J, et al., 2012, Microwave surface impedance measurements on reduced graphene oxide, Nanotechnology, Vol:23, ISSN:0957-4484

Basey-Fisher TH, Hanham SM, Andresen H, et al., 2011, Microwave Debye relaxation analysis of dissolved proteins: Towards free-solution biosensing, Applied Physics Letters, Vol:99, Pages:233703-233703

Shaforost EN, Klein N, Vitusevich SA, et al., 2009, High sensitivity microwave characterization of organic molecule solutions of nanoliter volume, Applied Physics Letters, Vol:94, ISSN:0003-6951

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