Imperial College London

Dr Nicolas Rojas

Faculty of EngineeringDyson School of Design Engineering








Dyson BuildingSouth Kensington Campus






BibTex format

author = {Sosa, R and Rojas, N and Gero, JS and Xu, Q},
doi = {10.1016/j.destud.2015.10.002},
journal = {Design Studies},
pages = {56--85},
title = {Visual divergence in humans and computers},
url = {},
volume = {42},
year = {2016}

RIS format (EndNote, RefMan)

AB - Studies of design creativity have underlined the importance of divergent reasoning and visual reasoning in idea generation. Connecting these two key design skills, this paper presents a model of divergent visual reasoning for the study of creativity. A visual divergence task called ShapeStorm is demonstrated for the study of creative ideation that can be applied to humans as well as computational systems. The model is examined in a study with human subjects, a computational stochastic generator, and a geometrical analysis of the solution space. The main significance of this task is that it offers a straightforward means to define a simple design task that can be used across research studies. Several scenarios for the application of ShapeStorm for the study of creativity are advanced.
AU - Sosa,R
AU - Rojas,N
AU - Gero,JS
AU - Xu,Q
DO - 10.1016/j.destud.2015.10.002
EP - 85
PY - 2016///
SN - 0142-694X
SP - 56
TI - Visual divergence in humans and computers
T2 - Design Studies
UR -
UR - file://
UR -
VL - 42
ER -