Imperial College London

Dr. Nimalan Arinaminpathy (Nim Pathy)

Faculty of MedicineSchool of Public Health

Reader in Mathematical Epidemiology



nim.pathy Website




Praed StreetSt Mary's Campus





I apply mathematical and statistical tools to study the transmission dynamics of infectious diseases, with equal interest in basic science and policy-focused analysis. 

Research interests

A major focus of my research is in the interface between health/economic systems and infectious diseases, particularly in the context of human tuberculosis. This includes understanding how health systems shape the control of infectious diseases (with the Public Health Foundation of India), and studying financing mechanisms for the supply of drugs to countries in need (with the Stop TB Partnership).

I am periodically seconded to the US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, where I apply mathematical modelling to the surveillance and control of seasonal and pandemic influenza, amongst other topics.

More broadly, events in global financial markets since 2007 have heightened interest in applying insights from other systems, including infectious disease epidemiology, to understanding the spread and control of 'contagion' in modern financial systems. With colleagues from the Bank of England and the University of Oxford, I maintain a continuing involvement in this area.   

Biographical sketch

I trained in Applied Mathematics (BA Cambridge 2000, D.Phil Oxford 2005); between these programmes I spent a year as a scientist in a government research lab (Dstl, 2001). 

Following my DPhil I trained in mathematical epidemiology as a postdoctoral researcher, first at the University of Oxford and then at Princeton University (USA) before returning to the UK.



Fu H, Lin H-H, Hallett TB, et al., Explaining age disparities in tuberculosis burden in Taiwan: a modelling study., Bmc Infectious Diseases, ISSN:1471-2334

Arinaminpathy N, Riley S, Barclay W, et al., Population implications of the deployment of novel universal vaccines against epidemic and pandemic influenza, Journal of the Royal Society Interface, ISSN:1742-5662

Arinaminpathy N, Batra D, Maheshwari N, et al., 2019, Tuberculosis treatment in the private healthcare sector in India: An analysis of recent trends and volumes using drug sales data, Bmc Infectious Diseases, Vol:19, ISSN:1471-2334

Nathavitharana RR, Yoon C, MacPherson P, et al., 2019, Guidance for Studies Evaluating the Accuracy of Tuberculosis Triage Tests, Journal of Infectious Diseases, Vol:220, ISSN:0022-1899, Pages:S116-S125

Vesga JF, Arinaminpathy N, 2019, Modelling tuberculosis control priorities: more of the same will not do, Lancet Global Health, Vol:7, ISSN:2214-109X, Pages:E1320-E1320

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