7 results found
Luo H, Barrio J, Sunny N, et al., 2021, Progress and Perspectives in Photo- and Electrochemical-Oxidation of Biomass for Sustainable Chemicals and Hydrogen Production, ADVANCED ENERGY MATERIALS, ISSN: 1614-6832
Nadaleti WC, Martins R, Lourenço V, et al., 2021, A pioneering study of biomethane and hydrogen production from the wine industry in Brazil: Pollutant emissions, electricity generation and urban bus fleet supply, International Journal of Hydrogen Energy, Vol: 46, Pages: 19180-19201, ISSN: 0360-3199
The thematic area studied in this paper considers environmental issues such as atmospheric pollution from the combustion of fossil fuels, and the environmental impacts from the generation of urban agricultural solid wastes. This study has estimated the potential for hydrogen and biogas production from solid urban waste (SUW) and wine waste from Bento Gonçalves, which is a region in Brazil with the largest wine throughput and subsequent waste generation, thus providing a potential high-energy feedstock. The resulting hydrogen and biogas are assumed to displace the existing fuels in the local bus fleet. The analytical work consisted of three scenarios - scenario 1: production of biogas using SUW, sourced exclusively from the municipality of Bento Gonçalves; Scenario 2: the possibility to supply SUW from Bento Gonçalves and surrounding cities, to produce biogas; Scenario 3: the possibility to use wine waste and SUW for biogas production. Scenario 3 showed the greatest energy yield with 37.9 Gg of biomethane produced per year, which can supply the entire public bus fleet of Bento Gonçalves. The resulting hydrogen production potential using steam reforming of biomethane is 1.09 E+08 Nm3H2.d−1 which can generate 2.62 TW h.year−1 of electrical energy, avoiding approximate emissions of 355 ktonCO2.year−1. These findings indicate value in the production of biogas from urban and agricultural wastes, especially for the generation of methane, hydrogen and useful energy outputs. Its production from renewable and clean sources contributes to the gradual transformation of an economy currently dependent on non-renewable resources into a circular and renewable economy.
Sunny N, Mac Dowell N, Shah N, 2020, What is needed to deliver carbon-neutral heat using hydrogen and CCS?, ENERGY & ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCE, Vol: 13, Pages: 4204-4224, ISSN: 1754-5692
Iruretagoyena D, Bikane K, Sunny N, et al., 2020, Enhanced selective adsorption desulfurization on CO2 and steam treated activated carbons: Equilibria and kinetics, Chemical Engineering Journal, Vol: 379, Pages: 1-11, ISSN: 1385-8947
Activated carbons (ACs) show great potential for selective adsorption removal of sulfur (SARS) from hydrocarbon fuels but require improvements in uptake and selectivity. Moreover, systematic equilibria and kinetic analyses of ACs for desulfurization are still lacking. This work examines the influence of modifying a commercial-grade activated carbon (AC) by CO2 and steam treatment for the selective adsorption removal of dibenzothiophene (DBT) and 4,6-dimethyldibenzothiophene (4,6-DMDBT) at 323 K. An untreated AC and a charcoal Norit carbon (CN) were used for comparative purposes. Physicochemical characterization of the samples was carried out by combining N2-physisorption, X-ray diffractometry, microscopy, thermogravimetric and infrared analyses. The steam and CO2 treated ACs exhibited higher sulfur uptakes than the untreated AC and CN samples. The steam treated AC appears to be especially effective to remove sulfur, showing a remarkable sulfur uptake (~24 mgS·gads−1 from a mixture of 1500 ppmw of DBT and 1500 ppm 4,6-DMDBT) due to an increased surface area and microporosity. The modified ACs showed similar capacities for both DBT and the sterically hindered 4,6-DMDBT molecules. In addition, they were found to be selective in the presence of sulfur-free aromatics and showed good multicycle stability. Compared to other adsorbents, the modified ACs exhibited relatively high adsorption capacities. The combination of batch and fixed bed measurements revealed that the adsorption sites of the samples are characterized as heterogeneous due to the better fit to the Freundlich isotherm. The kinetic breakthrough profiles were described by the linear driving force (LDF) model.
d'Amore F, Sunny N, Iruretagoyena D, et al., 2019, European supply chains for carbon capture, transport and sequestration, with uncertainties in geological storage capacity: Insights from economic optimisation, Computers and Chemical Engineering, Vol: 129, Pages: 1-18, ISSN: 0098-1354
Carbon capture and storage is widely recognised as a promising technology for decarbonising the energy and industrial sector. An integrated assessment of technological options is required for effective deployment of large-scale infrastructures between the nodes of production and sequestration of CO2. Additionally, design challenges due to uncertainties in the effective storage availability of sequestration basins must be tackled for the optimal planning of long-lived infrastructure. The objective of this study is to quantify the financial risks arising from geological uncertainties in European supply chain networks, whilst also providing a tool for minimising storage risk exposure. For this purpose, a methodological approach utilising mixed integer linear optimisation is developed and subsequent analysis demonstrates that risks arising from geological volumes are negligible compared to the overall network costs (always <1% of total cost) although they may be significant locally. The model shows that a slight increase in transport (+11%) and sequestration (+5%) costs is required to obtain a resilient supply chain, but the overall investment is substantially unchanged (max. +0.2%) with respect to a risk-neutral network. It is shown that risks in storage capacities can be minimised via careful design of the network, through distributing the investment for storage across Europe, and incorporating operational flexibility.
d'Amore F, Sunny N, Iruretagoyena D, et al., 2019, Optimising European supply chains for carbon capture, transport and sequestration, including uncertainty on geological storage availability, Editors: Kiss, Zondervan, Lakerveld, Ozkan, Publisher: ELSEVIER SCIENCE BV, Pages: 199-204, ISBN: 978-0-12-819939-8
Iruretagoyena Ferrer D, Sunny N, Chadwick D, et al., 2018, Towards a low carbon economy via sorption enhanced water gas shift and alcohol reforming
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