Imperial College London

ProfessorPaulElliott

Faculty of MedicineSchool of Public Health

Chair in Epidemiology and Public Health Medicine
 
 
 
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Contact

 

+44 (0)20 7594 3328p.elliott Website

 
 
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Assistant

 

Miss Jennifer Wells +44 (0)20 7594 3328

 
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Location

 

154Norfolk PlaceSt Mary's Campus

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Summary

 

Publications

Citation

BibTex format

@article{Gibson:2019:10.3390/nu11081839,
author = {Gibson, R and Eriksen, R and Chambers, E and Gao, H and Aresu, M and Heard, A and Chan, Q and Elliott, P and Frost, G},
doi = {10.3390/nu11081839},
journal = {Nutrients},
title = {Intakes and food sources of dietary fibre and their associations with measures of body composition and inflammation in UK adults: Cross-sectional analysis of the Airwave Health Monitoring Study},
url = {http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/nu11081839},
volume = {11},
year = {2019}
}

RIS format (EndNote, RefMan)

TY  - JOUR
AB - The purpose of this study was to investigate the associations between intakes of fibre from the main food sources of fibre in the UK diet with body mass index (BMI), percentage body fat (%BF), waist circumference (WC) and C-reactive protein (CRP). Participants enrolled in the Airwave Health Monitoring Study (2007–2012) with 7-day food records (n = 6898; 61% men) were included for cross-sectional analyses. General linear models evaluated associations across fifths of fibre intakes (total, vegetable, fruit, potato, whole grain and non-whole grain cereal) with BMI, %BF, WC and CRP. Fully adjusted analyses showed inverse linear trends across fifths of total fibre and fibre from fruit with all outcome measures (ptrend < 0.0001). Vegetable fibre intake showed an inverse association with WC (ptrend 0.0156) and CRP (ptrend 0.0005). Fibre from whole grain sources showed an inverse association with BMI (ptrend 0.0002), %BF (ptrend 0.0007) and WC (ptrend 0.0004). Non-whole grain cereal fibre showed an inverse association with BMI (Ptrend 0.0095). Direct associations observed between potato fibre intake and measures of body composition and inflammation were attenuated in fully adjusted analyses controlling for fried potato intake. Higher fibre intake has a beneficial association on body composition, however, there are differential associations based on the food source.
AU - Gibson,R
AU - Eriksen,R
AU - Chambers,E
AU - Gao,H
AU - Aresu,M
AU - Heard,A
AU - Chan,Q
AU - Elliott,P
AU - Frost,G
DO - 10.3390/nu11081839
PY - 2019///
SN - 2072-6643
TI - Intakes and food sources of dietary fibre and their associations with measures of body composition and inflammation in UK adults: Cross-sectional analysis of the Airwave Health Monitoring Study
T2 - Nutrients
UR - http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/nu11081839
UR - http://hdl.handle.net/10044/1/72753
VL - 11
ER -