Imperial College London

Dr Philippa J Mason

Faculty of EngineeringDepartment of Earth Science & Engineering

Senior Teaching Fellow



+44 (0)20 7594 6528p.j.mason Website




G31Royal School of MinesSouth Kensington Campus






BibTex format

author = {Neal, LC and Wilkinson, JJ and Mason, PJ and Chang, Z},
doi = {10.1016/j.gexplo.2017.10.019},
journal = {Journal of Geochemical Exploration},
pages = {179--198},
title = {Spectral characteristics of propylitic alteration minerals as a vectoring tool for porphyry copper deposits},
url = {},
volume = {184},
year = {2017}

RIS format (EndNote, RefMan)

AB - Short-wave infrared (SWIR) reflectance spectroscopy is a quick and effective method of detecting and characterising hydrothermal alteration associated with ore deposits, and can identify not only mineral species but also changes in the major element composition of minerals. Porphyry deposits represent large accumulations of valuable metal in the Earth's crust and have extensive alteration signatures making them an attractive target for exploration, particularly by remote sensing which can cover large areas quickly. Reflectance spectroscopy has been widely applied in sericitic (phyllic), argillic and advanced argillic alteration domains because it is particularly effective in discriminating bright clay minerals. However, the propylitic domain has remained relatively unexplored because propylitic rocks are typically dark and produce relatively poorly-defined spectra.This study utilised an ASD TerraSpec 4 handheld spectrometer to collect SWIR spectra from rocks surrounding the Batu Hijau Cu-Au porphyry deposit in Indonesia, where previous work has identified systematic spatial variations in the chemistry of chlorite, a common propylitic alteration mineral. Spectra were collected from 90 samples and processed using The Spectral Geologist (TSG) software as well as the Halo mineral identifier to characterise mineralogy and extract the positions and depths of spectral absorption features, which were then correlated with major element geochemistry. Two diagnostic chlorite absorption features located at around 2250 nm and 2340 nm correlate with the Mg# (Mg/[Mg + Fe]) of chlorite, both in terms of wavelength position and depth. As the Mg# increases, the wavelengths of both features increase from 2249 nm to 2254 nm and from 2332 nm to 2343 nm respectively, and absorption depths also increase significantly. In the spatial dimension, these feature variations act as reasonably strong vectors to the orebody, showing systematic increases over a transect away from the porphyry centr
AU - Neal,LC
AU - Wilkinson,JJ
AU - Mason,PJ
AU - Chang,Z
DO - 10.1016/j.gexplo.2017.10.019
EP - 198
PY - 2017///
SN - 0375-6742
SP - 179
TI - Spectral characteristics of propylitic alteration minerals as a vectoring tool for porphyry copper deposits
T2 - Journal of Geochemical Exploration
UR -
UR -
VL - 184
ER -