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Tillyard A, Keays R, Soni N, 2005, The diagnosis of acute renal failure in intensive care: mongrel or pedigree?, Anaesthesia, Vol: 60, Pages: 903-914, ISSN: 0003-2409
Acute renal failure is common in the intensive care unit; it is well recognised that patients who develop acute renal failure have a high mortality rate. While there have been improvements in the management of acute renal failure, the mortality remains high. Acute renal failure is easily diagnosed biochemically and clinically but it is not a single disease entity. It is a syndrome that affects a very heterogeneous population. Studies of acute renal failure and of the impact of renal replacement therapy in intensive care are usually inconclusive, which may be the natural consequence of studying a syndrome. This article focuses on the more uncertain features of acute renal failure, the problems of investigating acute renal failure as a disease and the difficulties of applying the results of a study of a heterogeneous population to the management of individuals.
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