Imperial College London

Miss Sophie Coronini-Cronberg

Faculty of MedicineSchool of Public Health

Honorary Senior Lecturer
 
 
 
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Contact

 

s.coronini-cronberg

 
 
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Location

 

Reynolds BuildingCharing Cross Campus

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Summary

 

Publications

Publication Type
Year
to

26 results found

Coronini-Cronberg S, 2020, Picture of Health: profile of our trust's local population, Picture of Health: profile of our trust's local population

Report

Grundy E, Suddek T, Filippidis F, Majeed A, Coronini-Cronberg Set al., 2020, Smoking, SARS-CoV-2 and COVID-19: a review of reviews considering implications for public health policy and practice, Tobacco Induced Diseases, Vol: 18, Pages: 1-11, ISSN: 1617-9625

IntroductionThere has been significant speculation regarding the association between Severe Acute RespiratorySyndrome Coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) pathogen, coronavirus disease (COVID-19) and smoking.We provide an overview of the available literature regarding the association between smoking, risk ofSARS-CoV-2 infection, and risk of severe COVID-19 and poor clinical outcomes, with the aim ofinforming public health policy and practice in England.MethodsPublications were identified utilising a systematic search approach on PUBMED and Google Scholar.Publications presenting a systematic review or meta-analysis considering the association betweensmoking and SARS-COV-2 infection or COVID-19 outcomes were included.ResultsEight studies were identified. One considered the relationship between smoking and the probability ofSARS-CoV-2 infection, three considered the association between COVID-19 hospitalisation andsmoking history and six reviewed the association between smoking history and development ofsevere COVID-19. One study specifically investigated the risk of mortality. The studies consideringrisk of severe disease indicate that there is a significant association between COVID-19 and currentor ever smoking.ConclusionsThis is a rapidly evolving topic. Current analysis remains limited due to the quality of primary data,although early results indicate an association between smoking and COVID-19 severity. We highlyrecommend public health messaging to continue focusing on smoking cessation efforts.

Journal article

Coronini-Cronberg S, John Maile E, Majeed A, 2020, Health inequalities: the hidden cost of COVID-19 in NHS hospital trusts?, Journal of the Royal Society of Medicine, Vol: 113, Pages: 179-184, ISSN: 0141-0768

Journal article

Coronini-Cronberg S, Patel S, Banks-Smith J, Cullinane M, Ramlingam L, Nunn Let al., 2019, Smokefree pregnancies: experiences of a partnership based approach between a large NHS maternity unit with local authority partners, Public Health England Annual Conference 2019

Poster

Coronini-Cronberg S, Cullinane M, Cumber E, 2019, Raising the profile of public health in an acute trust: collaborative working and changing perceptions., Public Health England Annual Conference 2019

A population health approach has not traditionally featured in the work of acute hospitals. Chelsea and Westminster NHS Foundation Trust (CWFT) is working to challenge perceptions and demonstrate the opportunity acute trusts have to lead the way in population health. Evidence suggests that CWFT's seven local clinical commissioning groups have 10% more emergency-specific 30-day readmissions than national rates. National data demonstrates alcohol-related attendances increases up to 70% of all weekend attendances. CWFT established an Alcohol Collaboration group to proactively address this alcohol burden. Led by a public health consultant, the group consists of seven local authorities, commissioners, third sector organisations, clinicians and a patient representative. The group engages monthly to support and direct the strategic development of hospital alcohol services. A trust audit suggested that 33% of our population consume alcohol at risky levels, 3% higher than national data, with 2% considered dependant. These findings have been used to engage and prompt discussions with clinical and non-clinical staff and feature as part of a trust-wide alcohol education programme targeting all frontline staff. Our staff and community partners increasingly recognise the opportunity in addressing health at a population level. The most significant achievement to date has been the launch of a 7-day alcohol support service without investment of additional resource. The groups collaborative approach is actively impacting perceptions at an acute trust and ultimately improving patient outcomes at a population level.

Poster

Coronini-Cronberg S, Cullinane M, Cumber E, 2019, Raising the profile of public health in an acute trust: collaborative working and changing perceptions., Public Health England Conference 2019

A population health approach has not traditionally featured in the work of acute hospitals. Chelsea and Westminster NHS Foundation Trust (CWFT) is working to challenge perceptions and demonstrate the opportunity acute trusts have to lead the way in population health. Evidence suggests that CWFT's seven local clinical commissioning groups have 10% more emergency-specific 30-day readmissions than national rates. National data demonstrates alcohol-related attendances increases up to 70% of all weekend attendances. CWFT established an Alcohol Collaboration group to proactively address this alcohol burden. Led by a public health consultant, the group consists of seven local authorities, commissioners, third sector organisations, clinicians and a patient representative. The group engages monthly to support and direct the strategic development of hospital alcohol services. A trust audit suggested that 33% of our population consume alcohol at risky levels, 3% higher than national data, with 2% considered dependant. These findings have been used to engage and prompt discussions with clinical and non-clinical staff and feature as part of a trust-wide alcohol education programme targeting all frontline staff. Our staff and community partners increasingly recognise the opportunity in addressing health at a population level. The most significant achievement to date has been the launch of a 7-day alcohol support service without investment of additional resource. The groups collaborative approach is actively impacting perceptions at an acute trust and ultimately improving patient outcomes at a population level.

Poster

Coronini-Cronberg S, 2016, The cataract surgery access debate: why variation may be a good thing, Eye, ISSN: 1476-5454

Journal article

Day AC, Wormald R, Coronini-Cronberg S, Smith Ret al., 2016, The Royal College of Ophthalmologists' Cataract Surgery Commissioning Guidance: executive summary, Eye, ISSN: 1476-5454

Journal article

Coronini-Cronberg S, Bixby H, Laverty AA, Wachter R, Millett Cet al., 2015, English National Health Service’s Savings Plan May Have Helped Reduce The Use Of Three ‘Low-Value’ Procedures, Health Affairs, ISSN: 0278-2715

Journal article

Royal College of Opthalmologists, 2015, Commissioning Guide: Cataract Surgery, London, Publisher: Royal College of Opthalmologists

Report

Coronini-Cronberg S, Bixby H, Laverty AA, Millett Cet al., 2014, Financial austerity and disinvestment in low clinical value procedures in England: a time-trend analysis., 7th European Public Health Conference

Conference paper

Coronini-Cronberg S, Bixby H, Laverty AA, Millett Cet al., 2014, Financial austerity and disinvestment in low clinical value procedures in England: a time-trend analysis, Society for Social Medicine Annual Scientific Conference 2014

Conference paper

Coronini-Cronberg S, Bixby H, Laverty AA, Millett Cet al., 2014, Are we squeezing the pips? Financial austerity and disinvestment in low clinical value procedures in England: a time-trend analysis, Society for Social Medicine Annual Meeting 2014

Poster

Coronini-Cronberg S, Appleby J, Thompson J, 2013, Application of patient-reported outcome measures (PROMs) data to estimate cost-effectiveness of hernia surgery in England, Journal of the Royal Society of Medicine

Journal article

Appleby J, Buck D, Coronini-Cronberg S, Dixon A, Galea A, Goodrich J, Goodwin N, Gregory S, Ham C, Harrison AJ, Mundle C, Naylor C, Raleigh V, Sonola L, Thompson Jet al., 2012, Health policy under the coalition government: a mid term assessment, London, UK, Publisher: The King's Fund

Report

Coronini-Cronberg S, Appleby J, Thompson J, 2012, From PROMs to cost per QALY, Patient Reported Outcome Measures (PROMS) Research Conference

Conference paper

Coronini-Cronberg S, Millett C, Laverty AA, Webb Eet al., 2012, The impact of free older persons’ bus pass on active travel and regular walking in England, American Journal of Public Health

Journal article

Coronini-Cronberg, Millett, Laverty A, Webb Eet al., 2012, A cross-sectional assessment of the effect of the free older persons' bus pass on active travel and regular walking among adults ≥60 years in England using data from the National Travel Survey 2005-2008, Society for Social Medicine 56th Annual Scientific Meeting

Conference paper

Coronini-Cronberg S, Lee H, Darzi A, Smith PCet al., 2012, Evaluation of clinical threshold policies for cataract surgery among English commissioners, Journal of Health Services Research & Policy

Journal article

Lee H, Coronini-Cronberg S, Darzi A, Smith PCet al., 2012, PCT restriction of cataract surgery funding: a cross sectional evaluation, International Surgical Congress of the Association of Surgeons of Great Britain and Ireland (ASGBI), ISSN: 0007-1323

Conference paper

Coronini-Cronberg S, Heffernan C, Robinson M, 2011, Effective smoking cessation interventions for COPD patients: a review of the evidence, JRSM short reports, Vol: 2

Objectives To review the effectiveness of smoking cessationinterventions offered to chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD)patients, and identify barriers to quitting experienced by them, so that amore effective service can be developed for this group.Design A rapid systematic literature review comprising computerizedsearches of electronic databases, hand searches and snowballing wereused to identify both published and grey literature.Setting A review of studies undertaken in north-western Europe(defined as: United Kingdom, Ireland, France, Germany, Benelux andNordic countries).Participants COPD patients participating in studies looking at theeffectiveness of smoking cessation interventions in this patient group, orexploring the barriers to quitting experienced by these patients.Method Quantitative and qualitative papers were selected according topre-specified inclusion and exclusion criteria, critically appraised, andquantitative papers scored against the NICE Levels of Evidencestandardized hierarchy.Main outcome measure Percentages of successful quitters andlength of quit, assessed by self-report or biochemical analysis. Amongqualitative studies, identified barriers to smoking cessation had to beexplored.Results Three qualitative and 13 quantitative papers were finallyselected. Effective interventions and barriers to smoking cessation wereidentified. Pharmacological support with Buproprion combined withcounselling was significantly more efficacious in achieving prolongedabstinence than a placebo by 18.9% (95% CI 3.6–26.4%). Annualspirometry with a brief smoking cessation intervention, followed by apersonal letter froma doctor, had a significantly higher ≥1 year abstinence rate at three years among COPD patient smokers, compared to smokerswith normal lung function (P < 0.001; z = 3.93). Identified barriers tocessation included: patient misinformation, levels of motivation, healthbeliefs, and poor communication with health professionals.Conclusion D

Journal article

Coronini-Cronberg S, Ramsey M, Amirthalingam G, Meltzer Met al., 2011, How responding to a Hepatitis A incident highlighted that national vaccination policies are not routinely being implemented in London’s special needs institutions, Health Protection 2011

Poster

Coronini-Cronberg S, Woodman J, 2011, Child Poverty Needs Assessment, NHS Hounslow & London Borough of Hounslow

Report

Coronini-Cronberg S, Heffernan C, Robinson M, 2010, Pack-ing it in: what effective smoking cessation services for COPD patients should look like, Annual LKSS Public Health Trainee Conference 2010

Conference paper

Coronini-Cronberg S, Laohasiriwong W, Gericke C, 2007, Health care utilisation under the 30-Baht Scheme among the urban poor in Mitrapap slum, Khon Kaen, Thailand: a cross-sectional study, International Journal for Equity in Health, Vol: 11

BackgroundIn 2001, the Government of Thailand introduced a universal coverage scheme with the aim of ensuring equitable health care access for even the poorest citizens. For a flat user fee of 30 Baht per consultation, or for free for those falling into exemption categories, every scheme participant may access registered health services. The exemption categories include children under 12 years of age, senior citizens aged 60 years and over, the very poor, and volunteer health workers. The functioning of these exemption mechanisms and the effect of the scheme on health service utilisation among the poor is controversial. MethodsThis cross-sectional study investigated the prevalence of 30-Baht Scheme registration and subsequent self-reported health service utilisation among an urban poor population in the Teparuk community within the Mitrapap slum in Khon Kaen city, northeastern Thailand. Furthermore, the effectiveness of the exemption mechanisms in reaching the very poor and the elderly was examined. Factors for users' choice of health facilities were identified. ResultsOverall, the proportion of the Teparuk community enrolled with the 30-Baht Scheme was high at 86%, with over one quarter of these exempted from paying the consultation fee. User fee exemption was significantly more frequent among households with an above-poverty-line income (64.7%) compared to those below the poverty line (35.3%), χ2 (df) = 5.251 (1); p-value = 0.018. In addition, one third of respondents over 60 years of age were found to be still paying user fees. Self-reported use of registered medical facilities in case of illness was stated to be predominantly due to the service being available through the scheme, with service quality not a chief consideration. Overall consumer satisfaction was high, especially among those not required to pay the 30 Baht user fee. ConclusionWhilst the 30-Baht Scheme seems to cover most of the poor population of Mitrapap slum in Khon Kaen, the user fee exempti

Journal article

Coronini-Cronberg S, Laohasiriwong W, Gericke CA, 2007, Healthcare utilisation under the 30-Baht scheme among the urban poor in Mitrapap Slum, Khon Kaen, Thailand, iHEA 6th World Congress: Explorations in Health

Poster

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