6 results found
Hossain N, Naidu V, Hosny S, et al., 2020, Hospital Presentations of Acute Diverticulitis During COVID-19 Pandemic may be More Likely to Require Surgery due to Increased Severity: A Single-Centre Experience., Am Surg
BACKGROUND: The novel coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic has resulted in fewer emergency presentations of many acute medical and surgical conditions. The purpose of this study was to assess the severity of disease at presentation and quantify the change in number of presentations during this period. METHODS: This retrospective study includes all patients diagnosed with acute diverticulitis on abdominopelvic computerised tomography (CT) between March 1, 2020 and June 30, 2020, compared to the same period in 2019. Follow up scans on the index admission were excluded. Hinchey grade was assessed for all CT scans. Inflammatory markers were analysed, along with outcome measures including length of stay and mortality. RESULTS: Acute diverticulitis was diagnosed in 52 CT scans in the acute pandemic period - a decrease of 51.4%. Average age at presentation was unchanged (63.3 ± 14.3 vs. 62.8 ± 13.8, P = .848). The number of Hinchey II, III and IV presentations were significantly higher in the acute pandemic period (28.8% vs. 11.2%, P = .005) and significantly more emergency operations were carried out (7.69% vs. .93%, P = .04). Mortality was not significantly increased, nor were serum levels of C-reactive protein, white cell count and lactate. DISCUSSION: During the COVID-19 pandemic, fewer patients presented and were diagnosed with acute diverticulitis. A significantly greater proportion presented at a more advanced stage and required emergency surgery, suggesting late presentation. Our findings support the need for maintaining acute surgical services and the provision of early radiological and surgical input in patients presenting with signs and symptoms of acute diverticulitis in future pandemics.
Hosny SG, Johnston MJ, Pucher PH, et al., 2017, Barriers to the implementation and uptake of simulation-based training programs in general surgery: a multinational qualitative study., Journal of Surgical Research, Vol: 220, Pages: 419-426.e2, ISSN: 0022-4804
BACKGROUND: Despite evidence demonstrating the advantages of simulation training in general surgery, it is not widely integrated into surgical training programs worldwide. The aim of this study was to identify barriers and facilitators to the implementation and uptake of surgical simulation training programs. METHODS: A multinational qualitative study was conducted using semi-structured interviews of general surgical residents and experts. Each interview was audio recorded, transcribed verbatim, and underwent emergent theme analysis. All data were anonymized and results pooled. RESULTS: A total of 37 individuals participated in the study. Seventeen experts (Program Directors and Surgical Attendings with an interest in surgical education) and 20 residents drawn from the United States, Canada, United Kingdom, France, and Japan were interviewed. Barriers to simulation-based training were identified based on key themes including financial cost, access, and translational benefit. Participants described cost (89%) and access (76%) as principal barriers to uptake. Common facilitators included a mandatory requirement to complete simulation training (78%) and on-going assessment of skills (78%). Participants felt that simulation training could improve patient outcomes (76%) but identified a lack of evidence to demonstrate benefit (38%). There was a consensus that simulation training has not been widely implemented (70%). CONCLUSIONS: There are multiple barriers to the implementation of surgical simulation training programs, however, there is agreement that these programs could potentially improve patient outcomes. Identifying these barriers enable the targeted use of facilitators to deliver simulation training programs.
Hosny S, Johnston M, Pucher P, et al., 2016, Modern paradigms in surgical training – An international qualitative study to determine factors affecting the implementation of simulation-based training programmes, ASiT 2016
Hosny S, Johnston M, Pucher P, et al., 2016, Modern paradigms in surgical training – An international qualitative study to determine factors affecting the implementation of simulation-based training programmes, American College of Surgeons Annual Meeting of the Consortium of Accredited Education Institutes in Chicago, 2016
Hosny S, Hardy A, 2015, A Review of the Current Management of Foreign Bodies in Adults with a Focus on Ingested Batteries, International Surgical Congress of the Association-of-Surgeons-of-Great-Britain-and-Ireland, Publisher: WILEY-BLACKWELL, Pages: 146-146, ISSN: 0007-1323
Benaragama SK, Tymkewycz T, John B, et al., 2012, Renal Transplantation Using Donors after Circulatory Death: Allocation Policy May Compromise Outcome, Publisher: LIPPINCOTT WILLIAMS & WILKINS, Pages: 261-261, ISSN: 0041-1337
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