5 results found
Aknin LB, Andretti B, Goldszmidt R, et al., 2022, Policy stringency and mental health during the COVID-19 pandemic: a longitudinal analysis of data from 15 countries, The Lancet Public Health, Vol: 7, ISSN: 2468-2667
BackgroundTo date, public health policies implemented during the COVID-19 pandemic have been evaluated on the basis of their ability to reduce transmission and minimise economic harm. We aimed to assess the association between COVID-19 policy restrictions and mental health during the COVID-19 pandemic.MethodsIn this longitudinal analysis, we combined daily policy stringency data from the Oxford COVID-19 Government Response Tracker with psychological distress scores and life evaluations captured in the Imperial College London-YouGov COVID-19 Behaviour Tracker Global Survey in fortnightly cross-sections from samples of 15 countries between April 27, 2020, and June 28, 2021. The mental health questions provided a sample size of 432 642 valid responses, with an average of 14 918 responses every 2 weeks. To investigate how policy stringency was associated with mental health, we considered two potential mediators: observed physical distancing and perceptions of the government's handling of the pandemic. Countries were grouped on the basis of their response to the COVID-19 pandemic as those pursuing an elimination strategy (countries that aimed to eliminate community transmission of SARS-CoV-2 within their borders) or those pursuing a mitigation strategy (countries that aimed to control SARS-CoV-2 transmission). Using a combined dataset of country-level and individual-level data, we estimated linear regression models with country-fixed effects (ie, dummy variables representing the countries in our sample) and with individual and contextual covariates. Additionally, we analysed data from a sample of Nordic countries, to compare Sweden (that pursued a mitigation strategy) to other Nordic countries (that adopted a near-elimination strategy).FindingsControlling for individual and contextual variables, higher policy stringency was associated with higher mean psychological distress scores and lower life evaluations (standardised coefficients β=0·014 [95
Aknin LB, De Neve J-E, Dunn EW, et al., 2022, Mental health during the first year of the COVID-19 pandemic: a review and recommendations for moving forward, Perspectives on Psychological Science, Pages: 174569162110299-174569162110299, ISSN: 1745-6916
COVID-19 has infected millions of people and upended the lives of most humans on the planet. Researchers from across the psychological sciences have sought to document and investigate the impact of COVID-19 in myriad ways, causing an explosion of research that is broad in scope, varied in methods, and challenging to consolidate. Because policy and practice aimed at helping people live healthier and happier lives requires insight from robust patterns of evidence, this article provides a rapid and thorough summary of high-quality studies available through early 2021 examining the mental-health consequences of living through the COVID-19 pandemic. Our review of the evidence indicates that anxiety, depression, and distress increased in the early months of the pandemic. Meanwhile, suicide rates, life satisfaction, and loneliness remained largely stable throughout the first year of the pandemic. In response to these insights, we present seven recommendations (one urgent, two short-term, and four ongoing) to support mental health during the pandemic and beyond.
Goldszmidt R, Petherick A, Andrade EB, et al., 2021, Protective Behaviors Against COVID-19 by Individual Vaccination Status in 12 Countries During the Pandemic, JAMA NETWORK OPEN, Vol: 4, ISSN: 2574-3805
Aknin LB, De Neve JE, Dunn EW, et al., 2021, THE NEUROLOGICAL CONSEQUENCES OF CONTRACTING COVID-19, Acta Neuropsychologica, Vol: 19, Pages: 301-305, ISSN: 1730-7503
<jats:p>Since the first confirmed case in Wuhan, China on December 31, 2019, the novel coronavirus (SARS-CoV-2) has spread quickly, infecting 165 million people as of May 2021. Since this first detection, research has indicated that people contracting the virus may suffer neurological and mental disorders and deficits, in addition to the respiratory and other organ challenges caused by COVID-19. Specifically, early evidence suggests that COVID-19 has both mild (e.g., loss of smell (anosmia), loss of taste (ageusia), latent blinks (heterophila), headaches, dizziness, confusion) and more severe outcomes (e.g., cognitive impairments, seizures, delirium, psychosis, strokes). Longer-term neurological challenges or damage may also occur. This knowledge should inform clinical guidelines, assessment, and public health planning while more systematic research using biological, clinical, and longitudinal methods provides further insights.</jats:p>
Jones SP, Patel V, Saxena S, et al., 2014, How Google's 'Ten Things We Know To Be True' Could Guide The Development Of Mental Health Mobile Apps, HEALTH AFFAIRS, Vol: 33, Pages: 1603-1611, ISSN: 0278-2715
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