Imperial College London

Dr Samraat Pawar

Faculty of Natural SciencesDepartment of Life Sciences (Silwood Park)

Senior Lecturer
 
 
 
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Contact

 

+44 (0)20 7594 2213s.pawar CV

 
 
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Location

 

2.4KennedySilwood Park

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Summary

 

Publications

Citation

BibTex format

@article{Dell:2013:10.1111/1365-2656.12081,
author = {Dell, AI and Pawar, S and Savage, VM},
doi = {10.1111/1365-2656.12081},
journal = {Journal of Animal Ecology},
title = {Temperature dependence of trophic interactions are driven by asymmetry of species responses and foraging strategy},
url = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/1365-2656.12081},
volume = {82},
year = {2013}
}

RIS format (EndNote, RefMan)

TY  - JOUR
AB - Environmental temperature has systematic effects on rates of species interactions, primarily through its influence on organismal physiology. We present a mechanistic model for the thermal response of consumer-resource interactions. We focus on how temperature affects species interactions via key traits - body velocity, detection distance, search rate and handling time - that underlie per capita consumption rate. The model is general because it applies to all foraging strategies: active-capture (both consumer and resource body velocity are important), sit-and-wait (resource velocity dominates) and grazing (consumer velocity dominates). The model predicts that temperature influences consumer-resource interactions primarily through its effects on body velocity (either of the consumer, resource or both), which determines how often consumers and resources encounter each other, and that asymmetries in the thermal responses of interacting species can introduce qualitative, not just quantitative, changes in consumer-resource dynamics. We illustrate this by showing how asymmetries in thermal responses determine equilibrium population densities in interacting consumer-resource pairs. We test for the existence of asymmetries in consumer-resource thermal responses by analysing an extensive database on thermal response curves of ecological traits for 309 species spanning 15 orders of magnitude in body size from terrestrial, marine and freshwater habitats. We find that asymmetries in consumer-resource thermal responses are likely to be a common occurrence. Overall, our study reveals the importance of asymmetric thermal responses in consumer-resource dynamics. In particular, we identify three general types of asymmetries: (i) different levels of performance of the response, (ii) different rates of response (e.g. activation energies) and (iii) different peak or optimal temperatures. Such asymmetries should occur more frequently as the climate changes and species’ geographical
AU - Dell,AI
AU - Pawar,S
AU - Savage,VM
DO - 10.1111/1365-2656.12081
PY - 2013///
SN - 1365-2656
TI - Temperature dependence of trophic interactions are driven by asymmetry of species responses and foraging strategy
T2 - Journal of Animal Ecology
UR - http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/1365-2656.12081
UR - http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/23692182
VL - 82
ER -