189 results found
Anker MS, Potthoff SK, Lena A, et al., 2023, Cardiovascular health-related quality of life in cancer: a prospective study comparing the ESC HeartQoL and EORTC QLQ-C30 questionnaire., Eur J Heart Fail
AIMS: Health-related quality of life (HRQoL) is highly relevant in cancer and often assessed with the EORTC QLQ-C30. Cardiovascular HRQoL in cancer can be measured with the ESC HeartQoL questionnaire. We compared these instruments and examined their prognostic value. METHODS AND RESULTS: Summary scores for EORTC QLQ-C30 (0-100 points) and ESC HeartQoL (0-3 points) questionnaires were prospectively assessed in 290 patients with mostly advanced cancer (stage 3/4: 81%, 1-year mortality: 36%) and 50 healthy controls (similar age and sex). Additionally, physical function and activity assessments were performed. Both questionnaires demonstrated reduced HRQoL in patients with cancer versus controls (EORTC QLQ-C30: 67 ± 20 vs. 91 ± 11, p < 0.001; ESC HeartQoL: 1.8 ± 0.8 vs. 2.7 ± 0.4, p < 0.001). The instruments were strongly correlated with each other (summary scores [r = 0.76], physical [r = 0.81], and emotional subscales [r = 0.75, all p < 0.001]) and independently associated with all-cause mortality (best cut-offs: EORTC QLQ-C30 <82.69: hazard ratio [HR] 2.33, p = 0.004; ESC HeartQoL <1.50: HR 1.85, p = 0.004 - adjusted for sex, age, left ventricular ejection fraction, N-terminal pro-B-type natriuretic peptide [NT-proBNP], high-sensitivity troponin T, cancer stage/type), with no differences in the strength of the association by sex (p-interaction > 0.9). Combining both questionnaires identified three risk groups with highest mortality in patients below both cut-offs (vs. patients above both cut-offs: HR 3.60, p < 0.001). Patients with results below both cut-offs, showed higher NT-proBNP and reduced physical function and activity. CONCLUSIONS: The EORTC QLQ-C30 and ESC HeartQoL - assessing cancer and cardiovasc
Macnair A, Nankivell M, Murray ML, et al., 2023, Healthcare systems data in the context of clinical trials-A comparison of cardiovascular data from a clinical trial dataset with routinely collected data, CONTEMPORARY CLINICAL TRIALS, Vol: 128, ISSN: 1551-7144
Lena A, Wilkenshoff U, Hadzibegovic S, et al., 2023, Clinical and Prognostic Relevance of Cardiac Wasting in Patients With Advanced Cancer., J Am Coll Cardiol, Vol: 81, Pages: 1569-1586
BACKGROUND: Body wasting in patients with cancer can affect the heart. OBJECTIVES: The frequency, extent, and clinical and prognostic importance of cardiac wasting in cancer patients is unknown. METHODS: This study prospectively enrolled 300 patients with mostly advanced, active cancer but without significant cardiovascular disease or infection. These patients were compared with 60 healthy control subjects and 60 patients with chronic heart failure (ejection fraction <40%) of similar age and sex distribution. RESULTS: Cancer patients presented with lower left ventricular (LV) mass than healthy control subjects or heart failure patients (assessed by transthoracic echocardiography: 177 ± 47 g vs 203 ± 64 g vs 300 ± 71 g, respectively; P < 0.001). LV mass was lowest in cancer patients with cachexia (153 ± 42 g; P < 0.001). Importantly, the presence of low LV mass was independent of previous cardiotoxic anticancer therapy. In 90 cancer patients with a second echocardiogram after 122 ± 71 days, LV mass had declined by 9.3% ± 1.4% (P < 0.001). In cancer patients with cardiac wasting during follow-up, stroke volume decreased (P < 0.001) and resting heart rate increased over time (P = 0.001). During follow-up of on average 16 months, 149 patients died (1-year all-cause mortality 43%; 95% CI: 37%-49%). LV mass and LV mass adjusted for height squared were independent prognostic markers (both P < 0.05). Adjustment of LV mass for body surface area masked the observed survival impact. LV mass below the prognostically relevant cutpoints in cancer was associated with reduced overall functional status and lower physical performance. CONCLUSIONS: Low LV mass is associated with poor functional status and increased all-cause mortality in cancer. These findings provide clinical evidence of cardiac wasting-associated cardiomyopathy in cancer.
Andres MS, Ramalingam S, Rosen SD, et al., 2022, The spectrum of cardiovascular complications related to immune-checkpoint inhibitor treatment Including myocarditis and the new entity of non inflammatory left ventricular dysfunction, CARDIO-ONCOLOGY, Vol: 8
Andres M, Murphy TM, Poku N, et al., 2022, Cardio-Oncology: a medical specialty in constant growth and evolution. the 10-year experience of the first cardio-oncology service in the United Kingdom, Publisher: OXFORD UNIV PRESS, Pages: 2564-2564, ISSN: 0195-668X
Stansfeld A, Radia U, Goggin C, et al., 2022, Pharmacological strategies to reduce anthracycline-associated cardiotoxicity in cancer patients, EXPERT OPINION ON PHARMACOTHERAPY, Vol: 23, Pages: 1641-1650, ISSN: 1465-6566
Nazir MS, Okafor J, Murphy T, et al., 2022, LVEF MEASURED WITH SAME DAY ECHOCARDIOGRAPHY AND CMR IN PATIENTS WITH SUSPECTED CARDIOTOXICITY, BSCI/BSCCT Annual Meeting, Publisher: BMJ PUBLISHING GROUP, Pages: A11-A11, ISSN: 1355-6037
Rosen SD, 2022, The Flight of Yonah Swift or Abraham's Pendant, QJM-AN INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF MEDICINE, ISSN: 1460-2725
Halliday B, Vazir A, Owen R, et al., 2021, Heart rate as a marker of relapse during withdrawal of therapy in recovered dilated cardiomyopathy, JACC: Heart Failure, Vol: 9, Pages: 509-517, ISSN: 2213-1779
Objective: To determine the relationship between heart rate and relapse amongst patients in the TRED-HF trial. Background: Understanding markers and mechanisms of relapse amongst patients with recovered dilated cardiomyopathy (DCM) might enable personalised management.Methods: The relationship between serial heart rate measurements and relapse was examined amongst patients TRED-HF, a randomised trial which examined the safety and feasibility of withdrawing heart failure therapy amongst 51 patients with recovered DCM over 6 months. In total, 25 patients were randomised to therapy withdrawal and 26 to continue therapy, of whom 25 subsequently began therapy withdrawal in a single arm crossover phase.Results: The mean heart rate (standard deviation) for those who had therapy withdrawn and did not relapse was 64.6bpm (10.7) at baseline and 74.7bpm (10.4) at follow-up compared to 68.3bpm (11.3) and 86.1bpm (11.8) for those who relapsed. After adjusting for baseline heart rate, patients who had therapy withdrawn and relapsed had a 10.4bpm (95% confidence intervals [CIs] 4.0-16.8) greater rise in heart rate compared to patients who had therapy withdrawn and did not relapse (p=0.002). After adjusting for age, log NT-pro-BNP and LVEF, heart rate (per 10bpm - hazard ratio: 1.65, 95%CI 1.10-2.57, p=0.01) and change in heart rate from baseline (per 10bpm - hazard ratio: 1.70, 95%CI 1.12-2.57, p=0.01) were associated with relapse. The results remained qualitatively the same after adjusting for beta-blocker dose.Conclusion: For patients with DCM and improved LVEF, the rise in heart rate after withdrawing treatment identifies patients who are more likely to relapse. Whether the increase in heart rate is a marker or mediator of relapse requires investigation.
Head-up tilt test (TT) has been used for >50 years to study heart rate/blood pressure adaptation to positional changes, to model responses to haemorrhage, to assess orthostatic hypotension, and to evaluate haemodynamic and neuroendocrine responses in congestive heart failure, autonomic dysfunction, and hypertension. During these studies, some subjects experienced syncope due to vasovagal reflex. As a result, tilt testing was incorporated into clinical assessment of syncope when the origin was unknown. Subsequently, clinical experience supports the diagnostic value of TT. This is highlighted in evidence-based professional practice guidelines, which provide advice for TT methodology and interpretation, while concurrently identifying its limitations. Thus, TT remains a valuable clinical asset, one that has added importantly to the appreciation of pathophysiology of syncope/collapse and, thereby, has improved care of syncopal patients.
Battisti NML, Andres MS, Lee KA, et al., 2021, Incidence of cardiotoxicity and validation of the Heart Failure Association-International Cardio-Oncology Society risk stratification tool in patients treated with trastuzumab for HER2-positive early breast cancer, BREAST CANCER RESEARCH AND TREATMENT, Vol: 188, Pages: 149-163, ISSN: 0167-6806
Dobson R, Ghosh AK, Ky B, et al., 2021, BSE and BCOS Guideline for Transthoracic Echocardiographic Assessment of Adult Cancer Patients Receiving Anthracyclines and/or Trastuzumab, JACC: CARDIOONCOLOGY, Vol: 3, Pages: 1-16, ISSN: 2666-0873
Dobson R, Ghosh AK, Ky B, et al., 2021, British Society for Echocardiography and British Cardio-Oncology Society guideline for transthoracic echocardiographic assessment of adult cancer patients receiving anthracyclines and/or trastuzumab, ECHO RESEARCH AND PRACTICE, Vol: 8, Pages: G1-G18, ISSN: 2055-0464
Langley RE, Gilbert DC, Duong T, et al., 2021, Transdermal oestradiol for androgen suppression in prostate cancer: long-term cardiovascular outcomes from the randomised Prostate Adenocarcinoma Transcutaneous Hormone (PATCH) trial programme, LANCET, Vol: 397, Pages: 581-591, ISSN: 0140-6736
Dayer M, MacIver DH, Rosen SD, 2020, The central nervous system and heart failure, FUTURE CARDIOLOGY, Vol: 17, Pages: 363-382, ISSN: 1479-6678
Lyon AR, Dent S, Stanway S, et al., 2020, Baseline cardiovascular risk assessment in cancer patients scheduled to receive cardiotoxic cancer therapies: a position statement and new risk assessment tools from theCardio-OncologyStudyGroup of theHeartFailureAssociation of theEuropeanSociety ofCardiology in collaboration with theInternationalCardio-OncologySociety, EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF HEART FAILURE, Vol: 22, Pages: 1945-1960, ISSN: 1388-9842
Hendry BM, Stafford N, Arnold AD, et al., 2020, Hypothesis: Pentoxifylline is a potential cytokine modulator therapeutic in COVID-19 patients, PHARMACOLOGY RESEARCH & PERSPECTIVES, Vol: 8, ISSN: 2052-1707
Howell S, Yarovova E, Khwanda A, et al., 2019, Cardiovascular effects of psychotic illnesses and antipsychotic therapy, HEART, Vol: 105, Pages: 1852-1859, ISSN: 1355-6037
Liew F, Gargoum F, Potter R, et al., 2019, Platypnoea-orthodeoxia syndrome: beware of investigations undertaken supine, Thorax, Vol: 74, Pages: 917-919, ISSN: 1468-3296
Platypnoea-orthodeoxia syndrome (POS) is a rare disorder, manifesting as deoxygenation occurring when the patient is in the upright position. Four broad mechanisms for the condition have been described: intracardiac shunts, intrapulmonary shunts, hepatopulmonary syndrome and pulmonary ventilation-perfusion mismatch. Here, we present the first case of POS in a patient with a proven right to left intracardiac shunt occurring in the context of postural hypotension and normal right heart pressures. We highlight the need to carry out investigations in the upright position before discounting intracardiac shunting as a cause for the syndrome. Short-term improvement of the syndrome was obtained with medical management of the patient's orthostatic hypotension and as such suggests a conservative management strategy for similar patients, which may delay the need for invasive procedures to close the anatomical defect.
Garcia-Pavia P, Kim Y, Restrepo-Cordoba MA, et al., 2019, Genetic variants associated with cancer therapy-induced cardiomyopathy, Circulation, Vol: 140, Pages: 31-41, ISSN: 0009-7322
BackgroundCancer therapy-induced cardiomyopathy (CCM) is associated with cumulative drug exposures and pre-existing cardiovascular disorders. These parametersincompletely account for substantial inter-individual susceptibility to CCM. We hypothesized that rare variants in cardiomyopathy genes contribute to CCM.MethodsWe studied 213 CCM patients from three cohorts: retrospectively recruited adults with diverse cancers (n=99), prospectively phenotyped breast cancer adults (n=73) and prospectively phenotyped children with acute myeloid leukemia (n=41). Cardiomyopathy genes, including nine pre-specified genes were sequenced. The prevalence of rare variants was compared between CCM cohorts and The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA) participants(n=2053), healthy volunteers(n=445), and ancestry-matchedreference population. Clinical characteristics and outcomes were assessed, stratified by genotypes. A prevalent CCM genotype was modeled in anthracycline-treated mice.ResultsCCM was diagnosed 0.4-9 years after chemotherapy; 90% of these patients received anthracyclines. Adult CCM patients had cardiovascular risk factors similar to the U.S. population. Among nine prioritized genes CCM patients had more rare protein-altering variants than comparative cohorts (p≤1.98e-04). Titin-truncating variants (TTNtv) predominated, occurring in 7.5% CCM patients versus 1.1% TCGA participants (p=7.36e-08), 0.7% healthy volunteers (p=3.42e-06), and 0.6% reference population (p=5.87e-14). Adult CCM patients with TTNtv experienced more heart failure and atrial fibrillation (p=0.003)and impaired myocardial recovery (p=0.03) than those without.Consistent with human data, anthracycline-treated TTNtv mice and isolated TTNtv cardiomyocytes showed sustained contractile dysfunction unlike wildtype (p=0.0004 and p<0.002, respectively).ConclusionsUnrecognized rare variants in cardiomyopathy-associated genes, particularly TTNtv, increased the risk for CCM in children and adults, and adverse cardiac events
Halliday BP, Wassall R, Lota A, et al., 2019, Withdrawal of pharmacological treatment for heart failure in patients with recovered dilated cardiomyopathy (TRED-HF): an open-label, pilot, randomised trial, The Lancet, Vol: 393, Pages: 61-73, ISSN: 0140-6736
BackgroundPatients with dilated cardiomyopathy whose symptoms and cardiac function have recovered often ask whether their medications can be stopped. The safety of withdrawing treatment in this situation is unknown.MethodsWe did an open-label, pilot, randomised trial to examine the effect of phased withdrawal of heart failure medications in patients with previous dilated cardiomyopathy who were now asymptomatic, whose left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) had improved from less than 40% to 50% or greater, whose left ventricular end-diastolic volume (LVEDV) had normalised, and who had an N-terminal pro-B-type natriuretic peptide (NT-pro-BNP) concentration less than 250 ng/L. Patients were recruited from a network of hospitals in the UK, assessed at one centre (Royal Brompton and Harefield NHS Foundation Trust, London, UK), and randomly assigned (1:1) to phased withdrawal or continuation of treatment. After 6 months, patients in the continued treatment group had treatment withdrawn by the same method. The primary endpoint was a relapse of dilated cardiomyopathy within 6 months, defined by a reduction in LVEF of more than 10% and to less than 50%, an increase in LVEDV by more than 10% and to higher than the normal range, a two-fold rise in NT-pro-BNP concentration and to more than 400 ng/L, or clinical evidence of heart failure, at which point treatments were re-established. The primary analysis was by intention to treat. This trial is registered with ClinicalTrials.gov, number NCT02859311.FindingsBetween April 21, 2016, and Aug 22, 2017, 51 patients were enrolled. 25 were randomly assigned to the treatment withdrawal group and 26 to continue treatment. Over the first 6 months, 11 (44%) patients randomly assigned to treatment withdrawal met the primary endpoint of relapse compared with none of those assigned to continue treatment (Kaplan-Meier estimate of event rate 45·7% [95% CI 28·5–67·2]; p=0·0001). After 6 months, 25 (96%) of 2
Halliday BP, Wassail R, Lota AS, et al., 2019, Brief Comment Video to the Recommended Article of the Month, REVISTA PORTUGUESA DE CARDIOLOGIA, Vol: 38, Pages: 71-71, ISSN: 0870-2551
Halliday BP, Wassall R, Lota A, et al., 2018, Withdrawal of Pharmacological Heart Failure Therapy in Recovered Dilated Cardiomyopathy - A Randomised Controlled Trial (TRED-HF), Scientific Sessions of the American-Heart-Association (AHA) / Resuscitation Science Symposium, Publisher: LIPPINCOTT WILLIAMS & WILKINS, Pages: E761-E761, ISSN: 0009-7322
Pareek N, Cevallos J, Moliner P, et al., 2018, Activity and outcomes of a cardio-oncology service in the United Kingdom - a five-year experience, European Journal of Heart Failure, Vol: 20, Pages: 1721-1731, ISSN: 1388-9842
AIMS: Cardio-oncology clinics optimise the cardiovascular status of cancer patients but there is a limited description of their structure, case mix, activity and results. The purpose of this paper is to describe the activity and outcomes of a cardio-oncology service, particularly with respect to supporting optimal cancer treatment and survival. METHODS AND RESULTS: We prospectively studied patients referred to our service from February 2011 to February 2016. New York Heart Association (NYHA) class and parameters of cardiac function were measured at baseline and after optimisation by our service. Up-titration of cardiac treatment, continuation of cancer therapy and mortality were used as outcome measures. Of the 535 patients (55.8% females) referred, rates of cardiotoxicity for anthracyclines, anti-HER2 agents and tyrosine kinase inhibitors were 75.8%, 69.8% and 62.1%, respectively. Patients with left ventricular systolic dysfunction (LVSD) (n =128) were younger, had higher rates of hypertension and previous exposure to chemotherapy/radiotherapy (P < 0.001). At a median follow-up of 360 days, 93.8% of the patients with LVSD showed improvement in left ventricular ejection fraction (45% pre vs. 53% post; P < 0.001) and NYHA class (NYHA III-IV in 22% pre vs. 10% post; P = 0.01). All patients with normal left ventricular ejection fraction and biochemical or functional myocardial toxicity and 88% of patients with LVSD were deemed fit for continuation of cancer therapy after cardiovascular optimisation. CONCLUSIONS: Through the establishment of a cardio-oncology service, it is feasible to achieve high rates of cardiac optimisation and cancer treatment continuation.
Patel HC, Hayward C, Wardle AJ, et al., 2018, The effect of head-up tilt upon markers of heart rate variability in patients with atrial fibrillation, Annals of Noninvasive Electrocardiology, Vol: 23, ISSN: 1082-720X
BACKGROUND: Heart rate variability (HRV) analysis is uncommonly undertaken in patients with atrial fibrillation (AF) due to an assumption that ventricular response is random. We sought to determine the effects of head-up tilt (HUT), a stimulus known to elicit an autonomic response, on HRV in patients with AF; we contrasted the findings with those of patients in sinus rhythm (SR). METHODS: Consecutive, clinically indicated tilt tests were examined for 207 patients: 176 in SR, 31 in AF. Patients in AF were compared to an age-matched SR cohort (n = 69). Five minute windows immediately before and after tilting were analyzed using time-domain, frequency-domain and nonlinear HRV parameters. Continuous, noninvasive assessment of blood pressure, heart rate and stroke volume were available in the majority of patients. RESULTS: There were significant differences at baseline in all HRV parameters between AF and age matched SR. HUT produced significant hemodynamic changes, regardless of cardiac rhythm. Coincident with these hemodynamic changes, patients in AF had a significant increase in median [quartile 1, 2] DFA-α2 (+0.14 [-0.03, 0.32], p < .005) and a decrease in sample entropy (-0.17 [-0.50, -0.01], p < .005). CONCLUSION: In the SR cohort, increasing age was associated with fewer HRV changes on tilting. Patients with AF had blunted HRV responses to tilting, mirroring those seen in an age matched SR group. It is feasible to measure HRV in patients with AF and the changes observed on HUT are comparable to those seen in patients in sinus rhythm.
Ferreira-Martins J, Tan L, Venneri L, et al., 2018, Cardiovascular risk profiles in cardio-oncology - time matters, Heart Failure Association of ESC, Publisher: WILEY, Pages: 38-39, ISSN: 1388-9842
This review aims to summarise the cardiovascular complications from cancer treatments and the methods used to prevent, identify, and treat them. While the field of cardio-oncology is relatively new, it is developing rapidly in the UK. There is a need to develop services to care for the patients with current cardiac problems, to undertake research and education to identify those patients at higher risk of complications, and to apply modern imaging methods and biomarkers to detect problems early and implement prevention strategies. An evidence-based approach is required to enhance delivery of care and prevent cardiovascular toxicity in this patient population.
Doehner W, Ural D, Haeusler KG, et al., 2017, Heart and brain interaction in patients with heart failure: overview and proposal for a taxonomy. A position paper from the Study Group on Heart and Brain Interaction of the Heart Failure Association., European Journal of Heart Failure, ISSN: 1388-9842
Heart failure (HF) is a complex clinical syndrome with multiple interactions between the failing myocardium and cerebral (dys-)functions. Bi-directional feedback interactions between the heart and the brain are inherent in the pathophysiology of HF: (i) the impaired cardiac function affects cerebral structure and functional capacity, and (ii) neuronal signals impact on the cardiovascular continuum. These interactions contribute to the symptomatic presentation of HF patients and affect many co-morbidities of HF. Moreover, neuro-cardiac feedback signals significantly promote aggravation and further progression of HF and are causal in the poor prognosis of HF. The diversity and complexity of heart and brain interactions make it difficult to develop a comprehensive overview. In this paper a systematic approach is proposed to develop a comprehensive atlas of related conditions, signals and disease mechanisms of the interactions between the heart and the brain in HF. The proposed taxonomy is based on pathophysiological principles. Impaired perfusion of the brain may represent one major category, with acute (cardio-embolic) or chronic (haemodynamic failure) low perfusion being sub-categories with mostly different consequences (i.e. ischaemic stroke or cognitive impairment, respectively). Further categories include impairment of higher cortical function (mood, cognition), of brain stem function (sympathetic over-activation, neuro-cardiac reflexes). Treatment-related interactions could be categorized as medical, interventional and device-related interactions. Also interactions due to specific diseases are categorized. A methodical approach to categorize the interdependency of heart and brain may help to integrate individual research areas into an overall picture.
Bruengger AAS, Wechalekar K, Khattar R, et al., 2017, Histologically proven myocardial carcinoid metastases: the value of multimodality imaging, Canadian Journal of Cardiology, Vol: 33, Pages: 1336.e9-1336.e12, ISSN: 1916-7075
We present a case of a patient with intramyocardial metastases from a carcinoid tumor. These findings were detected using cardiovascular magnetic resonance imaging, with functional metabolic activity analyzed using nuclear imaging and confirmed by histologic findings at surgical biopsy. This case highlights the value of cardiovascular magnetic resonance imaging and the importance of multimodality imaging.
Venneri L, Danylenko O, Calicchio F, et al., 2017, Cancer and myocardial dysfunction: observations from myocardial strain imaging in a dedicated cardio-oncology clinic, European Society of Cardiology, Publisher: OXFORD UNIV PRESS, Pages: 1292-1293, ISSN: 0195-668X
This data is extracted from the Web of Science and reproduced under a licence from Thomson Reuters. You may not copy or re-distribute this data in whole or in part without the written consent of the Science business of Thomson Reuters.