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Faculty of MedicineDepartment of Metabolism, Digestion and Reproduction

Reader in Computational Bioinformatics



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BibTex format

author = {Segura-Lepe, M and Keun, H and Ebbels, T},
doi = {10.1186/s12859-019-3163-0},
journal = {BMC Bioinformatics},
title = {Predictive modelling using pathway scores: robustness and significance of pathway collections},
url = {},
volume = {20},
year = {2019}

RIS format (EndNote, RefMan)

AB - BackgroundTranscriptomic data is often used to build statistical models which are predictive of a given phenotype, such as disease status. Genes work together in pathways and it is widely thought that pathway representations will be more robust to noise in the gene expression levels. We aimed to test this hypothesis by constructing models based on either genes alone, or based on sample specific scores for each pathway, thus transforming the data to a ‘pathway space’. We progressively degraded the raw data by addition of noise and examined the ability of the models to maintain predictivity.ResultsModels in the pathway space indeed had higher predictive robustness than models in the gene space. This result was independent of the workflow, parameters, classifier and data set used. Surprisingly, randomised pathway mappings produced models of similar accuracy and robustness to true mappings, suggesting that the success of pathway space models is not conferred by the specific definitions of the pathway. Instead, predictive models built on the true pathway mappings led to prediction rules with fewer influential pathways than those built on randomised pathways. The extent of this effect was used to differentiate pathway collections coming from a variety of widely used pathway databases.ConclusionsPrediction models based on pathway scores are more robust to degradation of gene expression information than the equivalent models based on ungrouped genes. While models based on true pathway scores are not more robust or accurate than those based on randomised pathways, true pathways produced simpler prediction rules, emphasizing a smaller number of pathways.
AU - Segura-Lepe,M
AU - Keun,H
AU - Ebbels,T
DO - 10.1186/s12859-019-3163-0
PY - 2019///
SN - 1471-2105
TI - Predictive modelling using pathway scores: robustness and significance of pathway collections
T2 - BMC Bioinformatics
UR -
UR -
VL - 20
ER -