73 results found
Clarke V, Goddard A, Wellings K, et al., 2021, Medium-term health and social outcomes in adolescents following sexual assault: a prospective mixed-methods cohort study, SOCIAL PSYCHIATRY AND PSYCHIATRIC EPIDEMIOLOGY, ISSN: 0933-7954
Pascual-Sanchez A, Hickey N, Mateu A, et al., 2021, Personality traits and self-esteem in traditional bullying and cyberbullying, PERSONALITY AND INDIVIDUAL DIFFERENCES, Vol: 177, ISSN: 0191-8869
Pascual-Sanchez A, Mateu A, Martinez-Herves M, et al., 2021, How are parenting practices associated with bullying in adolescents? A cross-sectional study, CHILD AND ADOLESCENT MENTAL HEALTH, ISSN: 1475-357X
Casanovas M, Kramer T, Clarke V, et al., 2021, Somatic symptoms following sexual assault in adolescents: a prospective longitudinal study, PSYCHOLOGY HEALTH & MEDICINE, ISSN: 1354-8506
Mateu A, Martinez-Herves M, Nicholls D, et al., 2020, Cyberbullying and post-traumatic stress symptoms in UK adolescents, Archives of Disease in Childhood, ISSN: 0003-9888
Valencia-Agudo F, Kramer T, Clarke V, et al., 2020, Correlates and predictors of self-harm in a prospective sample of sexually assaulted adolescents, CLINICAL CHILD PSYCHOLOGY AND PSYCHIATRY, Vol: 25, Pages: 847-859, ISSN: 1359-1045
Villalta L, Khadr S, Chua K-C, et al., 2020, Complex post-traumatic stress symptoms in female adolescents: the role of emotion dysregulation in impairment and trauma exposure after an acute sexual assault, EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF PSYCHOTRAUMATOLOGY, Vol: 11, ISSN: 2000-8198
Kramer T, Hodes M, 2019, The mental health of british afro-caribbean children and adolescents, Main Issues in Mental Health and Race, Pages: 175-200, ISBN: 9781138713833
This chapter considers social adjustment and psychiatric disorders amongst Afro-Caribbean children and adolescents in the UK. The British Isles have received waves of immigrants, including non-White immigrants for hundreds of years. By the latter part of the eighteenth century there were 30,000 Black people in Britain. However the Second World War created a demand for men for the British armed forces and war industries. Many aspects of family organisation in the Caribbean have been outlined elsewhere. Changes in family life are likely to take place due to migration. During the early years families will have experienced the stress of separationif parents came to the UK ahead of their children. Children themselves may have experienced migration. Nevertheless, Afro-Caribbean family organisation within the UK shows both similarities and differences with that of White British families. The Afro-Caribbean community in the UK has faced economic hardship, adversity and racial discrimination, apparent in patterns of employment and housing.
MacGregor KE, Villalta L, Clarke V, et al., 2019, A systematic review of short and medium-term mental health outcomes in young people following sexual assault, JOURNAL OF CHILD AND ADOLESCENT MENTAL HEALTH, Vol: 31, Pages: 161-181, ISSN: 1728-0583
Khadr S, Clarke V, Wellings K, et al., 2018, Mental and sexual health outcomes following sexual assault in adolescents: a prospective cohort study, LANCET CHILD & ADOLESCENT HEALTH, Vol: 2, Pages: 654-665, ISSN: 2352-4642
Valencia-Agudo F, Burcher GC, Ezpeleta L, et al., 2018, Nonsuicidal self-injury in community adolescents: a systematic review of prospective predictors, mediators and moderators, Journal of Adolescence, Vol: 65, Pages: 25-38, ISSN: 0140-1971
Nonsuicidal self-injury (NSSI) usually starts during adolescence and is associated with an array of psychological and psychiatric symptoms and future suicide attempts. The aim of this study is to determine prospective predictors, mediators and moderators of NSSI in adolescent community samples in order to target prevention and treatment strategies. Two team members searched online databases independently. Thirty-nine studies were included in the review. Several variables were seen to prospectively predict NSSI: female gender, family-related variables, peer victimisation, depression, previous NSSI and self-concept. Few studies analysed mediators and moderators. Low self-concept was highlighted as a relevant moderator in the relationship between intra/interpersonal variables and NSSI. Implications of these findings are discussed. The considerable heterogeneity between studies posed a limitation to determine robust predictors of NSSI. Further prospective studies using standardised measures of predictors and outcomes are needed to ascertain the most at risk individuals and develop prevention strategies.
Als L, Picouto MD, O'Donnell KJ, et al., 2016, Stress hormones and posttraumatic stress symptoms following paediatric critical illness: an exploratory sudy, European Child & Adolescent Psychiatry, Vol: 26, Pages: 511-5119, ISSN: 1435-165X
In this exploratory case-control study we investigatedbasalcortisol regulation in 5-16 year-old children, 3-6 months following PICU (paediatric intensive care) admission.Thiswas nested within a study of child psychological and cognitivefunction; 47 children were assessed alongside 56 healthy controls. Saliva samples were collected three times per day (immediately after waking, waking +30min, and waking +12h)over two consecutive weekdays. In addition, data on posttraumatic stress symptoms were ascertained from 33 PICU admitted children using the Impact of Events Scale-8(IES-8).Primary analysis revealed no significantdifferences in basal cortisol concentrations between PICU discharged children and healthy controls (p > 0.05). Secondary analysis in the PICU group identifieda significant positive association between posttraumatic stress symptoms and evening (waking+12h) cortisol concentrations (p = 0.004). However when subject to multivariate analysis,evening cortisol was a modest independent predictor of IES-8 scores, relative to the presence of septic illness and poor pre-morbid health.We conclude that paediatric critical illness does not appear toresult in marked perturbations to basal cortisol at 3-6 monthfollowing discharge. There was evidence of a link between evening cortisol and symptoms of PTSD, but this was not a robust effectandrequiresfurther elucidation.
Islam Z, Ford T, Kramer T, et al., 2016, Mind how you cross the gap! Outcomes for young people who failed to make the transition from child to adult services: the TRACK study, BJPsych Bulletin, Vol: 40, Pages: 142-148, ISSN: 2056-4708
Aims and method The Transitions of Care from Child and Adolescent Mental Health Services to Adult Mental Health Services (TRACK) study was a multistage, multicentre study of adolescents' transitions between child and adult mental health services undertaken in England. We conducted a secondary analysis of the TRACK study data to investigate healthcare provision for young people (n = 64) with ongoing mental health needs, who were not transferred from child and adolescent mental health services (CAMHS) to adult mental health services mental health services (AMHS). Results The most common outcomes were discharge to a general practitioner (GP; n = 29) and ongoing care with CAMHS (n = 13), with little indication of use of third-sector organisations. Most of these young people had emotional/neurotic disorders (n = 31, 48.4%) and neurodevelopmental disorders (n = 15, 23.4%). Clinical implications GPs and CAMHS are left with the responsibility for the continuing care of young people for whom no adult mental health service could be identified. GPs may not be able to offer the skilled ongoing care that these young people need. Equally, the inability to move them decreases the capacity of CAMHS to respond to new referrals and may leave some young people with only minimal support.
Kramer T, Elena Garralda M, 2015, Assessment and treatment in nonspecialist community health care settings, Rutter's Child and Adolescent Psychiatry: Sixth Edition, Pages: 623-635, ISBN: 9781118381960
Non-specialist community or primary health care settings are the first point of contact for families seeking professional attention for health problems. Although their role in attending to children and young people with mental health problems has been comparatively little documented, evidence for its potential is slowly accumulating. This chapter describes presentations of children and young people with mental health problems in the primary care setting, discusses their identification and management by primary care workers, documents innovative models of mental health service delivery and considers the place of primary health care in prevention
Macia LV, Mac Gregor K, Clarke V, et al., 2015, Systematic review of mental health outcomes in young people following sexual assault
Als LC, Picouto MD, Hau SM, et al., 2015, Mental and Physical Well-Being Following Admission to Pediatric Intensive Care, Pediatric Critical Care Medicine, Vol: 16, Pages: E141-E149, ISSN: 1529-7535
Objective: To assess mental and physical well-being in school-aged children following admission to pediatric intensive care and to examine risk factors for worse outcome.Design: A prospective cohort study.Setting: Two PICUs.Subjects: A consecutive sample of 88 patients 5–16 years old (median age, 10.00 yr; interquartile range, 6.00–13.00 yr) admitted to PICU from 2007 to 2010 with septic illness, meningoencephalitis, or other critical illnesses were assessed a median of 5 months following discharge and outcomes compared with 100 healthy controls.Interventions: None.Measurements and Main Results: Parents completed questionnaires documenting child mental and physical well-being, including the Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaires, Chalder Fatigue Scale, and Child Sleep Habits Questionnaire. Children over 8 years completed the Impact of Event Scale -8. The children admitted to PICU scored worse on all measures in comparison with the healthy controls, with 20% scoring at risk for psychiatric disorder, 34% with high levels of post-traumatic stress symptoms, 38% at risk for fatigue disorder, and 80% scoring at risk for sleep disturbance. In the PICU group, multivariable regression analyses identified septic illness as an independent predictor of post-traumatic stress symptoms and family status, past child health problems, and PICU length of stay as predictors of reduced general mental well-being.Conclusions: Our findings indicate that a significant minority of school-aged children admitted to PICU are at risk for reduced mental and physical well-being in the short term. Symptoms of poor mental well-being were linked to both vulnerability factors and critical illness factors.
Kramer T, Als L, Garralda ME, 2015, Challenges to primary care in diagnosing and managing depression in children and young people., BMJ, Vol: 350, Pages: h2512-h2512, ISSN: 0959-8138
Belling R, McLaren S, Paul M, et al., 2014, The effect of organisational resources and eligibility issues on transition from child and adolescent to adult mental health services, JOURNAL OF HEALTH SERVICES RESEARCH & POLICY, Vol: 19, Pages: 169-176, ISSN: 1355-8196
Martinez-Herves M, Kramer T, Hickey N, 2014, HOW PARENTING STYLE INFLUENCES ICT USE AND CYBERBULLYING IN A SAMPLE OF SECONDARY STUDENTS IN THE UK, EUROPEAN PSYCHIATRY, Vol: 29, ISSN: 0924-9338
Sanchez-Cao E, Kramer T, Hodes M, 2013, Psychological distress and mental health service contact of unaccompanied asylum-seeking children, CHILD CARE HEALTH AND DEVELOPMENT, Vol: 39, Pages: 651-659, ISSN: 0305-1862
McLaren S, Belling R, Paul M, et al., 2013, 'Talking a different language': an exploration of the influence of organizational cultures and working practices on transition from child to adult mental health services, BMC HEALTH SERVICES RESEARCH, Vol: 13
Mayordomo-Aranda A, Kramer T, Hickey N, et al., 2013, Ethnic variation in antisocial behaviour among adolescents: risk and protective factors, Publisher: SPRINGER, Pages: S182-S182, ISSN: 1018-8827
Forti-Buratti MA, Hickey N, Kramer T, 2013, Female juvenile offending: characteristics of offences in early onset vs. late onset female offenders over 30 years, EUROPEAN CHILD & ADOLESCENT PSYCHIATRY, Vol: 22, Pages: S260-S260, ISSN: 1018-8827
Kramer T, Iliffe S, Bye A, et al., 2013, Testing the Feasibility of Therapeutic Identification of Depression in Young People in British General Practice, JOURNAL OF ADOLESCENT HEALTH, Vol: 52, Pages: 539-545, ISSN: 1054-139X
Paul M, Ford T, Kramer T, et al., 2013, Transfers and transitions between child and adult mental health services., Br J Psychiatry Suppl, Vol: 54, Pages: s36-s40, ISSN: 0960-5371
BACKGROUND: Transfer of care from one healthcare provider to another is often understood as a suboptimal version of the process of transition. AIMS: To separate and evaluate concepts of transfer and transition between child and adolescent mental health services (CAMHS) and adult mental health services (AMHS). METHOD: In a retrospective case-note survey of young people reaching the upper age boundary at six English CAMHS, optimal transition was evaluated using four criteria: continuity of care, parallel care, a transition planning meeting and information transfer. RESULTS: Of 154 cases, 76 transferred to AMHS. Failure to transfer resulted mainly from non-referral by CAMHS (n = 12) and refusal by service users (n = 12) rather than refusal by AMHS (n = 7). Four cases met all criteria for optimal transition, 13 met none; continuity of care (n = 63) was met most often. CONCLUSIONS: Transfer was common but good transition rare. Reasons for failure to transfer differ from barriers to transition. Transfer should be investigated alongside transition in research and service development.
Vila M, Garralda E, Kramer T, 2012, Headaches in British secondary school children: Associations, impairment and health service use, JOURNAL OF PSYCHOSOMATIC RESEARCH, Vol: 72, Pages: 506-506, ISSN: 0022-3999
Kramer T, Iliffe S, Gledhill J, et al., 2012, Recognising and responding to adolescent depression in general practice: Developing and implementing the Therapeutic Identification of Depression in Young people (TIDY) programme, Clinical Child Psychology and Psychiatry
Iliffe S, Gallant C, Kramer T, et al., 2012, Therapeutic identification of depression in young people: lessons from the introduction of a new technique in general practice, BRITISH JOURNAL OF GENERAL PRACTICE, Vol: 62, ISSN: 0960-1643
Vila M, Kramer T, Obiols J, et al., 2012, Abdominal pain in British young people: associations, impairment, and health care use, Journal of Psychosomatic Research, Vol: 73, Pages: 437-442, ISSN: 0022-3999
Vila M, Kramer T, Obiols J, et al., 2012, Adolescents who are frequent attenders to primary care: contribution of psychosocial factors, Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology
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