Imperial College London


Faculty of Natural SciencesDepartment of Physics

Professor of Experimental Astrophysics



+44 (0)20 7594 7552t.sumner




1108Blackett LaboratorySouth Kensington Campus






BibTex format

author = {Armano, M and Audley, H and Auger, G and Baird, J and Binetruy, P and Born, M and Bortoluzzi, D and Brandt, N and Bursi, A and Caleno, M and Cavalleri, A and Cesarini, A and Cruise, M and Danzmann, K and de, Deus Silva M and Desiderio, D and Piersanti, E and Diepholz, I and Dolesi, R and Dunbar, N and Ferraioli, L and Ferroni, V and Fitzsimons, E and Flatscher, R and Freschi, M and Gallegos, J and Marirrodriga, CG and Gerndt, R and Gesa, L and Gibert, F and Giardini, D and Giusteri, R and Grimani, C and Grzymisch, J and Harrison, I and Heinzel, G and Hewitson, M and Hollington, D and Hueller, M and Huesler, J and Inchauspe, H and Jennrich, O and Jetzer, P and Johlander, B and Karnesis, N and Kaune, B and Korsakova, N and Killow, C and Lloro, I and Liu, L and Lopez-Zaragoza, JP and Maarschalkerweerd, R and Madden, S and Mance, D and Martin, V and Martin-Polo, L and Martino, J and Martin-Porqueras, F and Mateos, I and McNamara, PW and Mendes, J and Mendes, L and Moroni, A and Nofrarias, },
doi = {23/235015},
journal = {Classical and Quantum Gravity},
title = {Constraints on LISA Pathfinder's self-gravity: design requirements, estimates and testing procedures},
url = {},
volume = {33},
year = {2016}

RIS format (EndNote, RefMan)

AB - LISA Pathfinder satellite was launched on 3 December 2015 toward the Sun–Earth first Lagrangian point (L1) where the LISA Technology Package (LTP), which is the main science payload, will be tested. LTP achieves measurements of differential acceleration of free-falling test masses (TMs) with sensitivity below $3\times {10}^{-14}\,{\rm{m}}\,{{\rm{s}}}^{-2}\,{\mathrm{Hz}}^{-1/2}$ within the 1–30 mHz frequency band in one-dimension. The spacecraft itself is responsible for the dominant differential gravitational field acting on the two TMs. Such a force interaction could contribute a significant amount of noise and thus threaten the achievement of the targeted free-fall level. We prevented this by balancing the gravitational forces to the sub nm s−2 level, guided by a protocol based on measurements of the position and the mass of all parts that constitute the satellite, via finite element calculation tool estimates. In this paper, we will introduce the gravitational balance requirements and design, and then discuss our predictions for the balance that will be achieved in flight.
AU - Armano,M
AU - Audley,H
AU - Auger,G
AU - Baird,J
AU - Binetruy,P
AU - Born,M
AU - Bortoluzzi,D
AU - Brandt,N
AU - Bursi,A
AU - Caleno,M
AU - Cavalleri,A
AU - Cesarini,A
AU - Cruise,M
AU - Danzmann,K
AU - de,Deus Silva M
AU - Desiderio,D
AU - Piersanti,E
AU - Diepholz,I
AU - Dolesi,R
AU - Dunbar,N
AU - Ferraioli,L
AU - Ferroni,V
AU - Fitzsimons,E
AU - Flatscher,R
AU - Freschi,M
AU - Gallegos,J
AU - Marirrodriga,CG
AU - Gerndt,R
AU - Gesa,L
AU - Gibert,F
AU - Giardini,D
AU - Giusteri,R
AU - Grimani,C
AU - Grzymisch,J
AU - Harrison,I
AU - Heinzel,G
AU - Hewitson,M
AU - Hollington,D
AU - Hueller,M
AU - Huesler,J
AU - Inchauspe,H
AU - Jennrich,O
AU - Jetzer,P
AU - Johlander,B
AU - Karnesis,N
AU - Kaune,B
AU - Korsakova,N
AU - Killow,C
AU - Lloro,I
AU - Liu,L
AU - Lopez-Zaragoza,JP
AU - Maarschalkerweerd,R
AU - Madden,S
AU - Mance,D
AU - Martin,V
AU - Martin-Polo,L
AU - Martino,J
AU - Martin-Porqueras,F
AU - Mateos,I
AU - McNamara,PW
AU - Mendes,J
AU - Mendes,L
AU - Moroni,A
AU - Nofrarias,M
AU - Paczkowski,S
AU - Perreur-Lloyd,M
AU - Petiteau,A
AU - Pivato,P
AU - Plagnol,E
AU - Prat,P
AU - Ragnit,U
AU - Ramos-Castro,J
AU - Reiche,J
AU - Perez,JAR
AU - Robertson,D
AU - Rozemeijer,H
AU - Rivas,F
AU - Russano,G
AU - Sarra,P
AU - Schleicher,A
AU - Slutsky,J
AU - Sopuerta,CF
AU - Sumner,T
AU - Texier,D
AU - Thorpe,JI
AU - Tomlinson,R
AU - Trenkel,C
AU - Vetrugno,D
AU - Vitale,S
AU - Wanner,G
AU - Ward,H
AU - Warren,C
AU - Wass,PJ
AU - Wealthy,D
AU - Weber,WJ
AU - Wittchen,A
AU - Zanoni,C
AU - Ziegler,T
AU - Zweifel,P
DO - 23/235015
PY - 2016///
SN - 0264-9381
TI - Constraints on LISA Pathfinder's self-gravity: design requirements, estimates and testing procedures
T2 - Classical and Quantum Gravity
UR -
UR -
VL - 33
ER -