Imperial College London

Professor WE (Bill) Lee FREng

Faculty of EngineeringInstitute for Security Science & Technology

Co-Director of Institute for Security Science and Technology



+44 (0)20 7594 6733w.e.lee Website




Ms Denise McGurk +44 (0)20 7594 8864




Central LibrarySouth Kensington Campus






BibTex format

author = {Zapata-Solvas, E and Hadi, MA and Horlait, D and Parfitt, DC and Thibaud, A and Chroneos, A and Lee, W},
doi = {10.1111/jace.14870},
journal = {Journal of the American Ceramic Society},
pages = {3393--3401},
title = {Synthesis and physical properties of (Zr1-x,Tix)3AlC2 MAX phases},
url = {},
volume = {100},
year = {2017}

RIS format (EndNote, RefMan)

AB - MAX phase solid solutions physical and mechanical properties may be tuned via changes in composition, giving them a range of possible technical applications. In the present study, we extend the MAX phase family by synthesizing (Zr1−xTix)3AlC2 quaternary MAX phases and investigating their mechanical properties using density functional theory (DFT). The experimentally determined lattice parameters are in good agreement with the lattice parameters derived by DFT and deviate <0.5% from Vegard's law. Ti3AlC2 has a higher Vickers hardness as compared to Zr3AlC2, in agreement with the available experimental data.
AU - Zapata-Solvas,E
AU - Hadi,MA
AU - Horlait,D
AU - Parfitt,DC
AU - Thibaud,A
AU - Chroneos,A
AU - Lee,W
DO - 10.1111/jace.14870
EP - 3401
PY - 2017///
SN - 1551-2916
SP - 3393
TI - Synthesis and physical properties of (Zr1-x,Tix)3AlC2 MAX phases
T2 - Journal of the American Ceramic Society
UR -
UR -
VL - 100
ER -