BibTex format

author = {Reza, M and Faraji, F and Knoll, A},
doi = {10.1063/5.0138223},
journal = {Journal of Applied Physics},
pages = {1--25},
title = {Parametric investigation of azimuthal instabilities and electron transport in a radial-azimuthal E×B plasma configuration},
url = {},
volume = {133},
year = {2023}

RIS format (EndNote, RefMan)

AB - Partially magnetized low-temperature plasmas (LTP) in an E×B configuration, where the applied magnetic field is perpendicular to the self-consistent electric field, have become increasingly relevant in industrial applications. Hall thrusters, a type of electrostatic plasma propulsion, are one of the main LTP technologies whose advancement is hindered by the not-fully-understood underlying physics of operation, particularly, with respect to the plasma instabilities and the associated electron cross-field transport. The development of Hall thrusters with unconventional magnetic field topologies has imposed further questions regarding the instabilities’ characteristics and the electrons’ dynamics in these modern cross-field configurations. Accordingly, we present in this effort a detailed parametric study of the influence of three factors on the plasma processes in the radial-azimuthal coordinates of a Hall thruster, namely, the magnetic field gradient, Secondary Electron Emission, and plasma number density. The studies are carried out using the reduced-order particle-in-cell (PIC) code developed by the authors. The setup of the radial-azimuthal simulations largely follows a well-defined benchmark case from the literature in which the magnetic field is oriented along the radius and a constant axial electric field is applied perpendicular to the simulation plane. The salient finding from our investigations is that, in the studied cases corresponding to elevated plasma densities, a long-wavelength azimuthal mode with the frequency of about 1 MHz is developed. Moreover, in the presence of strong magnetic field gradients, this mode results from an inverse energy cascade and induces a significant electron cross-field transport as well as a notable heating of the ions.
AU - Reza,M
AU - Faraji,F
AU - Knoll,A
DO - 10.1063/5.0138223
EP - 25
PY - 2023///
SN - 0021-8979
SP - 1
TI - Parametric investigation of azimuthal instabilities and electron transport in a radial-azimuthal E×B plasma configuration
T2 - Journal of Applied Physics
UR -
UR -
UR -
VL - 133
ER -