TY - JOUR
AB - The viscoelastic behavior of sheared fluids is calculated by Non-Equilibrium Molecular Dynamics(NEMD) simulation, and complementary analytic solutions of a time-dependent extension of Eyring’smodel (EM) for shear thinning are derived. It is argued that an “incremental viscosity,”ηi, or IV whichis the derivative of the steady state stress with respect to the shear rate is a better measure of the physicalstate of the system than the conventional definition of the shear rate dependent viscosity (i.e., the shearstress divided by the strain rate). The stress relaxation function,Ci(t), associated withηiis consistentwith Boltzmann’s superposition principle and is computed by NEMD and the EM. The IV of the Eyringmodel is shown to be a special case of the Carreau formula for shear thinning. An analytic solutionfor the transient time correlation function for the EM is derived. An extension of the EM to allow forsignificant local shear stress fluctuations on a molecular level, represented by a gaussian distribution,is shown to have the same analytic form as the original EM but with the EM stress replaced by its timeand spatial average. Even at high shear rates and on small scales, the probability distribution functionis almost gaussian (apart from in the wings) with the peak shifted by the shear. The Eyring formulaapproximately satisfies the Fluctuation Theorem, which may in part explain its success in representingthe shear thinning curves of a wide range of different types of chemical systems.
AU - Heyes,D
AU - Dini,D
AU - Smith,E
DO - 10.1063/1.5027681
PY - 2018///
SN - 0021-9606
TI - Incremental viscosity by non-equilibrium molecular dynamics and the Eyring model
T2 - Journal of Chemical Physics
UR - http://dx.doi.org/10.1063/1.5027681
UR - https://aip.scitation.org/doi/10.1063/1.5027681
UR - http://hdl.handle.net/10044/1/59755
VL - 148
ER -