BibTex format

author = {Jackson, MC and Pawar, S and Woodward, G},
doi = {10.1016/j.tree.2021.01.005},
journal = {Trends in Ecology and Evolution},
pages = {402--410},
title = {The temporal dynamics of multiple stressor effects: from individuals to ecosystems},
url = {},
volume = {36},
year = {2021}

RIS format (EndNote, RefMan)

AB - Multiple stressors, such as warming and invasions, often occur together and have nonadditive effects. Most studies to date assume that stressors operate in perfect synchrony, but this will rarely be the case in reality. Stressor sequence and overlap will have implications for ecological memory - the ability of past stressors to influence future responses. Moreover, stressors are usually defined in an anthropocentric context: what we consider a short-term stressor, such as a flood, will span multiple generations of microbes. We argue that to predict responses to multiple stressors from individuals to the whole ecosystem, it is necessary to consider metabolic rates, which determine the timescales at which individuals operate and therefore, ultimately, the ecological memory at different levels of ecological organization.
AU - Jackson,MC
AU - Pawar,S
AU - Woodward,G
DO - 10.1016/j.tree.2021.01.005
EP - 410
PY - 2021///
SN - 0169-5347
SP - 402
TI - The temporal dynamics of multiple stressor effects: from individuals to ecosystems
T2 - Trends in Ecology and Evolution
UR -
UR -
UR -
UR -
VL - 36
ER -