BibTex format

author = {Stemkovski, M and Bell, JR and Ellwood, ER and Inouye, BD and Kobori, H and Lee, SD and Lloyd-Evans, T and Primack, RB and Templ, B and Pearse, WD},
doi = {10.1101/2021.10.08.463688},
title = {Disorder or a new order: how climate change affects phenological variability},
url = {},
year = {2021}

RIS format (EndNote, RefMan)

AB - <jats:title>Abstract</jats:title><jats:p>Advancing spring phenology is a well-documented consequence of anthropogenic climate change, but it is not well understood how climate change will affect the variability of phenology year-to-year. Species’ phenological timings reflect adaptation to a broad suite of abiotic needs (e.g. thermal energy) and biotic interactions (e.g. predation and pollination), and changes in patterns of variability may disrupt those adaptations and interactions. Here, we present a geographically and taxonomically broad analysis of phenological shifts, temperature sensitivity, and changes in inter-annual variance encompassing nearly 10,000 long-term phenology time-series representing over 1,000 species across much of the northern hemisphere. We show that early-season species in colder and less seasonal regions were the most sensitive to temperature change and had the least variable phenologies. The timings of leaf-out, flowering, insect first-occurrence, and bird arrival have all shifted earlier and tend to be less variable in warmer years. This has led leaf-out and flower phenology to become moderately but significantly less variable over time. These simultaneous changes in phenological averages and the variation around them have the potential to influence mismatches among interacting species that are difficult to anticipate if shifts in average are studied in isolation.</jats:p>
AU - Stemkovski,M
AU - Bell,JR
AU - Ellwood,ER
AU - Inouye,BD
AU - Kobori,H
AU - Lee,SD
AU - Lloyd-Evans,T
AU - Primack,RB
AU - Templ,B
AU - Pearse,WD
DO - 10.1101/2021.10.08.463688
PY - 2021///
TI - Disorder or a new order: how climate change affects phenological variability
UR -
ER -