BibTex format

author = {Morris, OF and Loewen, CJG and Woodward, G and Schäfer, RB and Piggott, JJ and Vinebrooke, RD and Jackson, MC},
doi = {10.1111/ele.14108},
journal = {Ecology Letters},
pages = {2540--2551},
title = {Local stressors mask the effects of warming in freshwater ecosystems},
url = {},
volume = {25},
year = {2022}

RIS format (EndNote, RefMan)

AB - Climate warming is a ubiquitous stressor in freshwater ecosystems, yet its interactive effects with other stressors are poorly understood. We address this knowledge gap by testing the ability of three contrasting null models to predict the joint impacts of warming and a range of other aquatic stressors using a new database of 296 experimental combinations. Despite concerns that stressors will interact to cause synergisms, we found that net impacts were usually best explained by the effect of the stronger stressor alone (the dominance null model), especially if this stressor was a local disturbance associated with human land use. Prediction accuracy depended on stressor identity and how asymmetric stressors were in the magnitude of their effects. These findings suggest we can effectively predict the impacts of multiple stressors by focusing on the stronger stressor, as habitat alteration, nutrients and contamination often override the biological consequences of higher temperatures in freshwater ecosystems.
AU - Morris,OF
AU - Loewen,CJG
AU - Woodward,G
AU - Schäfer,RB
AU - Piggott,JJ
AU - Vinebrooke,RD
AU - Jackson,MC
DO - 10.1111/ele.14108
EP - 2551
PY - 2022///
SN - 1461-023X
SP - 2540
TI - Local stressors mask the effects of warming in freshwater ecosystems
T2 - Ecology Letters
UR -
UR -
UR -
UR -
VL - 25
ER -