BibTex format

author = {Wang, H and Prentice, IC and Wright, IJ and warton, DI and Qiao, S and Xu, X and Zhou, J and Kikuzawa, K and Stenseth, NC},
doi = {10.1126/sciadv.add5667},
journal = {Science Advances},
title = {Leaf economics fundamentals explained by optimality principles},
url = {},
volume = {9},
year = {2023}

RIS format (EndNote, RefMan)

AB - The life span of leaves increases with their mass per unit area (LMA). It is unclear why. Here, we show that this empirical generalization (the foundation of the worldwide leaf economics spectrum) is a consequence of natural selection, maximizing average net carbon gain over the leaf life cycle. Analyzing two large leaf trait datasets, we show that evergreen and deciduous species with diverse construction costs (assumed proportional to LMA) are selected by light, temperature, and growing-season length in different, but predictable, ways. We quantitatively explain the observed divergent latitudinal trends in evergreen and deciduous LMA and show how local distributions of LMA arise by selection under different environmental conditions acting on the species pool. These results illustrate how optimality principles can underpin a new theory for plant geography and terrestrial carbon dynamics.
AU - Wang,H
AU - Prentice,IC
AU - Wright,IJ
AU - warton,DI
AU - Qiao,S
AU - Xu,X
AU - Zhou,J
AU - Kikuzawa,K
AU - Stenseth,NC
DO - 10.1126/sciadv.add5667
PY - 2023///
SN - 2375-2548
TI - Leaf economics fundamentals explained by optimality principles
T2 - Science Advances
UR -
UR -
VL - 9
ER -