BibTex format

author = {Gayford, J and Brazeau, M and Naylor, GJP},
doi = {10.1038/s41598-024-62004-3},
journal = {Scientific Reports},
title = {Evolutionary trends in the elasmobranch neurocranium},
url = {},
volume = {14},
year = {2024}

RIS format (EndNote, RefMan)

AB - The neurocranium (braincase) is one of the defining vertebrate characters. Housing the brain and other key sensory organs, articulating with the jaws and contributing to the shape of the anteriormost portion of the body, the braincase is undoubtedly of great functional importance. Through studying relationships between braincase shape and ecology we can gain an improved understanding of form-function relationships in extant and fossil taxa. Elasmobranchii (sharks and rays) represent an important case study of vertebrate braincase diversity as their neurocranium is simplified and somewhat decoupled from other components of the cranium relative to other vertebrates. Little is known about the associations between ecology and braincase shape in this clade. In this study we report patterns of mosaic cranial evolution in Elasmobranchii that differ significantly from those present in other clades. The degree of evolutionary modularity also differs between Selachii and Batoidea. In both cases innovation in the jaw suspension appears to have driven shifts in patterns of integration and modularity, subsequently facilitating ecological diversification. Our results confirm the importance of water depth and biogeography as drivers of elasmobranch cranial diversity and indicate that skeletal articulation between the neurocranium and jaws represents a major constraint upon the evolution of braincase shape in vertebrates.
AU - Gayford,J
AU - Brazeau,M
AU - Naylor,GJP
DO - 10.1038/s41598-024-62004-3
PY - 2024///
SN - 2045-2322
TI - Evolutionary trends in the elasmobranch neurocranium
T2 - Scientific Reports
UR -
UR -
UR -
VL - 14
ER -