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  • Journal article
    Ledger ME, Brown LE, Edwards FK, Milner AM, Woodward Get al., 2013,

    Drought alters the structure and functioning of complex food webs

    , Nature Climate Change, Vol: 3, Pages: 223-227, ISSN: 1758-678X
  • Journal article
    Knight AT, Rodrigues ASL, Strange N, Tew T, Wilson KAet al., 2013,

    Designing effective solutions to conservation planning problems

    , Pages: 362-383

    This chapter outlines an approach for ensuring the effectiveness of regional or local-scale conservation planning initiatives. The authors define 'conservation planning' as a collaborative, social learning-driven activity whose goal is to implement actions that ensure the persistence of nature by integrating the processes of spatial prioritisation and implementation strategy development to achieve effective conservation management. Many studies in the literature use 'conservation planning' to describe an activity termed as 'spatial conservation prioritisation' but do not include implementation strategies or stakeholder collaboration. Conservation planning comprises three broad activities: assessment, planning and management. Specifically defining the scope and differences between assessment, planning and management is essential for ensuring effective conservation action because some activities directly conserve nature whereas others do not. The chapter provides an operational model for conservation planning, highlighting the importance and context of problem orientation and problem formulation. © 2013 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd..

  • Journal article
    Murray SJ, Watson IM, Prentice IC, 2013,

    The use of dynamic global vegetation models for simulating hydrology and the potential integration of satellite observations

  • Journal article
    Milner-Gulland EJ, Barlow J, Cadotte M, Hulme P, Whittingham MJet al., 2013,

    Celebrating the golden jubilee of the Journal of Applied Ecology

    , JOURNAL OF APPLIED ECOLOGY, Vol: 50, Pages: 1-3, ISSN: 0021-8901
  • Journal article
    Gallego-Sala AV, Prentice IC, 2013,

    Blanket peat biome endangered by climate change

    , NATURE CLIMATE CHANGE, Vol: 3, Pages: 152-155, ISSN: 1758-678X
  • Journal article
    Layer K, Hildrew AG, Woodward G, 2013,

    Grazing and detritivory in 20 stream food webs across a broad pH gradient.

    , Oecologia, Vol: 171, Pages: 459-471

    Acidity is a major driving variable in the ecology of fresh waters, and we sought to quantify macroecological patterns in stream food webs across a wide pH gradient. We postulated that a few generalist herbivore-detritivores would dominate the invertebrate assemblage at low pH, with more specialists grazers at high pH. We also expected a switch towards algae in the diet of all primary consumers as the pH increased. For 20 stream food webs across the British Isles, spanning pH 5.0-8.4 (the acid sites being at least partially culturally acidified), we characterised basal resources and primary consumers, using both gut contents analysis and stable isotopes to study resource use by the latter. We found considerable species turnover across the pH gradient, with generalist herbivore-detritivores dominating the primary consumer assemblage at low pH and maintaining grazing. These were joined or replaced at higher pH by a suite of specialist grazers, while many taxa that persisted across the pH gradient broadened the range of algae consumed as acidity declined and increased their ingestion of biofilm, whose nutritional quality was higher than that of coarse detritus. There was thus an increased overall reliance on algae at higher pH, both by generalist herbivore-detritivores and due to the presence of specialist grazers, although detritus was important even in non-acidic streams. Both the ability of acid-tolerant, herbivore-detritivores to exploit both autochthonous and allochthonous food and the low nutritional value of basal resources might render chemically recovering systems resistant to invasion by the specialist grazers and help explain the sluggish ecological recovery of fresh waters whose water chemistry has ameliorated.

  • Journal article
    Wang H, Prentice IC, Ni J, 2013,

    Data-based modelling and environmental sensitivity of vegetation in China

    , BIOGEOSCIENCES, Vol: 10, Pages: 5817-5830, ISSN: 1726-4170
  • Conference paper
    Jones FA, Sobkowiak B, Orme CDL, Govaerts R, Savolainen Vet al., 2013,

    Macroecological correlates of global monocot species richness

    , Conference on Early Events in Monocot Evolution, Publisher: CAMBRIDGE UNIV PRESS, Pages: 99-117, ISSN: 0309-2593
  • Journal article
    Watson C, Mourato S, Milner-Gulland EJ, 2013,

    Uncertain Emission Reductions from Forest Conservation: REDD in the Bale Mountains, Ethiopia

    , ECOLOGY AND SOCIETY, Vol: 18, ISSN: 1708-3087
  • Journal article
    Harrison SP, Morfopoulos C, Dani KGS, Prentice IC, Arneth A, Atwell BJ, Barkley MP, Leishman MR, Loreto F, Medlyn BE, Niinemets U, Possell M, Penuelas J, Wright IJet al., 2013,

    Volatile isoprenoid emissions from plastid to planet

    , NEW PHYTOLOGIST, Vol: 197, Pages: 49-57, ISSN: 0028-646X

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