BibTex format

author = {Cooper, J and Dubey, L and Hawkes, A},
doi = {10.1016/j.spc.2022.06.010},
journal = {Sustainable Production and Consumption},
pages = {880--894},
title = {The life cycle environmental impacts of negative emission technologies in North America},
url = {},
volume = {32},
year = {2022}

RIS format (EndNote, RefMan)

AB - Negative emission technologies (NETs) could play a key role in ensuring net-zero and longer-term net negative emission ambitions are met. However, greenhouse gas emissions (and other pollutants) will occur over the life cycle of a NET and will need to be taken into consideration when developing schemes to roll out their use. We compare five NETs: afforestation/reforestation (AR), enhanced weathering (EW), mangrove restoration (MR), bioenergy and direct air capture with carbon storage (BECCS and DAC), using life cycle assessment to determine their environmental impacts (global warming, freshwater, toxicity etc.). We find that there is a wide range in the environmental impacts estimated across the NETs and the context in which they are used will directly impact which NET has low or high environmental impacts. This is an important aspect to consider when deciding which NET to prioritise in strategies to roll out their use on large scales. If consistent removal of CO2 from the atmosphere is the goal, then AR and MR have the lowest environmental impacts. However, if large and quick CO2 removal is the goal then EW, DAC and BECCS have similar, if not lower, environmental impacts.
AU - Cooper,J
AU - Dubey,L
AU - Hawkes,A
DO - 10.1016/j.spc.2022.06.010
EP - 894
PY - 2022///
SN - 2352-5509
SP - 880
TI - The life cycle environmental impacts of negative emission technologies in North America
T2 - Sustainable Production and Consumption
UR -
UR -
UR -
VL - 32
ER -