Many Tribology Group publications are Open Access thanks to funding from the EPSRC.


BibTex format

author = {Verschueren, J and Gurrutxaga-Lerma, B and Balint, D and Sutton, A and Dini, D},
doi = {10.1103/PhysRevLett.121.145502},
journal = {Physical Review Letters},
title = {Instabilities of high speed dislocations},
url = {},
volume = {121},
year = {2018}

RIS format (EndNote, RefMan)

AB - Despite numerous theoretical models and simulation results, a clear physical picture of dislocations traveling at velocities comparable to the speed of sound in the medium remains elusive. Using two complementary atomistic methods to model uniformly moving screw dislocations, lattice dynamics and molecular dynamics, the existence of mechanical instabilities in the system is shown. These instabilities are found at material-dependent velocities far below the speed of sound. We show that these are the onset of an atomistic kinematic generation mechanism, which ultimately results in an avalanche of further dislocations. This homogeneous nucleation mechanism, observed but never fully explained before, is relevant in moderate and high strain rate phenomena including adiabatic shear banding, dynamic fracture, and shock loading. In principle, these mechanical instabilities do not prevent supersonic motion of dislocations.
AU - Verschueren,J
AU - Gurrutxaga-Lerma,B
AU - Balint,D
AU - Sutton,A
AU - Dini,D
DO - 10.1103/PhysRevLett.121.145502
PY - 2018///
SN - 0031-9007
TI - Instabilities of high speed dislocations
T2 - Physical Review Letters
UR -
UR -
VL - 121
ER -