BibTex format

author = {McAdoo, S and Prendecki, M and Tanna, A and Bhatt, T and Bhangal, G and McDaid, J and masuda, E and Cook, H and Tam, F and Pusey, C},
doi = {10.1016/j.kint.2019.12.014},
journal = {Kidney International},
pages = {1196--1207},
title = {Spleen tyrosine kinase inhibition is an effective treatment for established vasculitis in a pre-clinical model},
url = {},
volume = {97},
year = {2020}

RIS format (EndNote, RefMan)

AB - The anti-neutrophil cytoplasm antibody (ANCA)-associated vasculitides (AAV) are a group of life-threatening multi-system diseases characterized by necrotising inflammation of small blood vessels and crescentic glomerulonephritis. ANCA are thought to play a direct pathogenic role. Previous studies have shown that spleen tyrosine kinase (SYK) is phosphorylated during ANCA-induced neutrophil activation in vitro. However, the role of SKY in vivo is unknown. Here, we studied its role in the pathogenesis of experimental autoimmune vasculitis, a pre-clinical model of myeloperoxidase-ANCA-induced pauci-immune systemic vasculitis in the Wistar Kyoto rat. Up-regulation of SYK expression in inflamed renal and pulmonary tissue during early autoimmune vasculitis was confirmed by immunohistochemical and transcript analysis. R406, the active metabolite of fostamatinib, a small molecule kinase inhibitor with high selectivity for SYK, inhibited ANCA-induced pro-inflammatory responses in rat leucocytes in vitro. In an in vivo study, treatment with fostamatinib for 14 days after disease onset resulted in rapid resolution of urinary abnormalities, significantly improved renal and pulmonary pathology, and preserved renal function. Short-term exposure to fostamatinib did not significantly affect circulating myeloperoxidase-ANCA levels, suggesting inhibition of ANCA-induced inflammatory mechanisms in vivo. Finally, SYK expression was demonstrated within inflammatory glomerular lesions in ANCA-associated glomerulonephritis in patients, particularly within CD68+ve monocytes/macrophages. Thus, our data indicate that SYK inhibition warrants clinical investigation in the treatment of AAV.
AU - McAdoo,S
AU - Prendecki,M
AU - Tanna,A
AU - Bhatt,T
AU - Bhangal,G
AU - McDaid,J
AU - masuda,E
AU - Cook,H
AU - Tam,F
AU - Pusey,C
DO - 10.1016/j.kint.2019.12.014
EP - 1207
PY - 2020///
SN - 0085-2538
SP - 1196
TI - Spleen tyrosine kinase inhibition is an effective treatment for established vasculitis in a pre-clinical model
T2 - Kidney International
UR -
UR -
VL - 97
ER -