Project: Novel Characterization Techniques on Solid Sorbents for Carbon Capture under real-world conditions.

Climate change and the accumulation of greenhouse gases, especially CO2 have become a serious concern worldwide. Coal and natural gas-fired power plants are responsible for nearly 30% of the total global emissions, with the increasing global population, meeting future energy demands with the incorporation of environmental remediation strategies is crucial.

Adsorption technology is widely used for CO2 separation; however, the large-scale implementation of this technology highly depends on the material selectivity, adsorption capacity, regeneration, stability, and cost. Identifying the best materials for CO2 capture is challenging since most of the studies rely on pure CO2 and N2 isotherms, rather than the actual flue gas mixture which contains a significant amount of H2O and other compounds such as SO2 and NOx.

The primary objective of this work is to develop new characterization techniques for multifunctional porous materials such as activated carbon fibres (ACFs), activated carbon, zeolites, silica adsorbents, metal-organic frameworks (MOFs), and carbon nanotubes (CNTs) and assess their possible industrial application in high capacity CO2 storage, CO2 conversion into valuable chemical products and clean energy.