News and Events
News and Events
Ian Wins Silver (November 2020)
Dr. R. Ian Taylor, former Technology Manager at Shell and an integral member of the Shell University Technology Centre (UTC) for Fuels and Lubricants, has been awarded the Tribology Silver Medal. See more here.
Li wins Photo Competition (November 2020)
Dr. Li Shen has won first place in the 9th UK Fluids Network Photo competition. You can see his winning entry 'Iceberg in Earl Grey (hot!)' here.
SKF UTC Renewed (October 2020)
The SKF University Technology Centre (UTC) in Advanced Modelling and Measurements in Tribology was recently reinaugurated in an online ceremony. The SKF UTC has been housed at Imperial College London since 2010 and has delivered research that helps bearings perform better and longer, whilst also contributing to lower energy consumption in the machines they operate in.
James Awarded RAEng Research Fellowship (August 2020)
Dr. James Ewen has been awarded a Royal Academy of Engineering Research Fellowship. More information here.
Marc Interviewed by TLT (August 2020)
Dr. Marc Masen was recently interviewed by Tribology and Lubrication Technology (TLT), the magazine published by the STLE, see the article here.
Work on Flexible Microstructures Featured on phys.org (August 2020)
Amir Interviewed by TLT (May 2020)
Dr. Amir Kadiric was recently interviewed by Tribology and Lubrication Technology (TLT), the magazine published by the STLE, see the article here.
Guillermo becomes Visiting Professor (May 2020)
Prof. Guillermo E. Morales-Espejel, Principal Scientist at SKF, has been appointed as a Visiting Professor in the Tribology Group at Imperial College London. More info here.
Nic becomes Visiting Professor (January 2020)
Prof. Nicholas Spencer is to become a Visiting Professor in the Tribology Group at Imperial College London. For many years he has led the Surface Science and Technology Group, Department of Materials, ETH Zurich. His principal research areas are biocompatibility, tribology, surface functionalization, and analysis. He was recently announced as the 2018 winner of the Tribology Gold Medal by the IMechE.
Billy awarded ARC Grant (December 2019)
Prof. Billy Todd from Swinburne University of Technology has been awarded an Australian Research Council (ARC) grant to use molecular simulations to develop better lubricants. The project will involve close collaboration with researchers in the Tribology Group at Imperial College. More info here. Prof. Todd is recruiting PhD students and a post doc for the project in Melbourne, please email firstname.lastname@example.org for more information. Closing date for applications is 30th June. The post doc ad can be found here.
Clelia awarded ERC Grant (December 2019)
Prof. Clelia Righi from the University of Bologna and visiting Professor at Imperial College has been awarded an European Research Council (ERC) Consolidator Grant. The project, "Advancing Solid interfaces and Lubricants by first principles material design" (SLIDE), will involve close collaboration with the Tribology Group. More info here.
Philipa awarded Professorship (December 2019)
Principal Research Fellow Philipa Cann has been awarded a Professorship in Tribology from the Department of Mechanical Engineering.
Badminton (December 2019)
Several members of the Tribology Group have started a weekly badminton sessions in Ethos. Contact Eliane Gendreau if you are interested in joining.
Daniele wins Donald Julius Groen Prize (December 2019)
Professor Dini has been awarded the 2019 Donald Julius Groen Prize by the IMechE. He will deliver the prize lecture at the IMechE on the 11th December 2019. More info here.
Li wins Margaret Fishenden Centenary Memorial Prize (November 2019)
Research Associate Dr Li Shen has been awarded the Margaret Fishenden Centenary Memorial Prize from the Department of Mechanical Engineering for the best PhD thesis over the previous five year period.
Mao wins Poster Prize (September 2019)
PhD student Mao Ueda won the best poster prize at the 2019 International Tribology Conference. His poster title was: 'Evolution of ZDDP crystallinity and its effect on film durability'.
Ajit wins Nuclear Innovation Bootcamp (August 2019)
A team containing PhD Student Ajit Bastola was selected as best project at the the Nuclear Innovation Bootcamp. The bootcamp seeks to train students and early-career professionals in skills
essential to accelerate innovation in nuclear energy through self-selected team projects. Ajit was one of 28 people shortlisted for the two week bootcamp held at OECD NEA headquarters in Paris. Ajit's team was selected as the best project by a panel of nuclear energy experts from OECD NEA, Assystem, Orano, Nuvia Protection and Foratom. Their prize is Sydney trip in March 2020 to present thier project in I4N.
Hugh wins JAST Tribochemistry Award (August 2019)
Prof. Hugh Spikes has won the 2019 Tribochemistry Award from the Japanese Society of Tribologists (JAST). He will be presented with the award at a ceremony at the International Tribology Conference (ITC) in Sendai, Japan. More info here.
Daniele Elected Fellow of the IOP (August 2019)
Prof. Daniele Dini has been elected as a Fellow of the Institute of Physics (FInstP) in recognition of his accomplishments in physics and the significant impact he has made in his sector.
LubeLab@65 (July 2019)
The Tribology Group (formerly the Lubrication Laboratory) is celebrating its 65th birthday! The lab was founded in 1953 by Dr Alastair Cameron and has been at the forefront of tribology research ever since. A reunion event was held on Monday 8th July 2019 with many current and former lab memebers attending.
James wins IOP Award (July 2019)
Research Associate Dr James Ewen has been awarded the 2019 Innovation in Tribology Award by Institute of Physics (IOP) for a significant contribution to the advancement of theory and simulations of multi-scale problems in the field of physics and physical chemistry, with particular application to tribology and lubrication science.
Pride month celebrations (June 2019)
The Tribology Group celebrated Pride Month with a cake baked by PhD student Andrea Bernardini.
Amir promoted to Reader (June 2019)
Tribology Group academic Dr Amir Kadiric has been promoted from Senior Lecturer to Reader, congratulations Amir!
Bjorn wins poster prize (March 2019)
PhD student Bjorn Kunzelmann won the best poster prize at the IET New Challenges in Tribology event. His poster title was: 'Experimental and Numerical Studies into the Mechanisms of Surface Crack Propagation under Rolling Contact’. More info here.
Ian elected STLE Fellow (February 2019)
Shell UTC researcher Dr Ian Taylor was recently elected as a Fellow of the Society of Tribologists and Lubrication Engineers (STLE), congratulations Ian! More details here.
James wins IOP Poster Prize (January 2019)
Research Associate Dr James Ewen was awarded best poster at the Institute of Physics (IOP) Winter Tribology Fair.
Li awarded EPSRC Impact Acceleration Grant (December 2018)
Research Associate Dr Li Shen has been awarded an EPSRC Impact Acceleration Account (IAA) grant for his project “Machine-Learning Pattern Recognition Prototype for liquid foams”. The EPSRC IAA grant supports the development of a potentially marketable project to create impact away from a strictly academic setting. The winning project aims to develop a foaming rig and a Machine-Learning analysis algorithm that will enable a consistent quantitative analysis of the foaming process in beverages and oil lubricants. Ab Inbev, Pepsico, Shell and PCS instruments are the industrial partners.
James wins Tribology Trust Bronze Medal (December 2018)
Research Associate Dr James Ewen and Dr Matt Harmon (University of Sheffield) have been jointly awarded the 2018 Tribology Trust Bronze medal. The award will be presented on 6th December 2018 at the 27th IMechE Mission of Tribology. Dr Ewen is the fifth recipient of the Bronze Medal (Prof Dini, Dr Fowell, Dr Reddyhoff, Dr Vladescu) from the Tribology Group, which also boasts three Silver Medals (Prof Spikes, Dr Cann, Prof Olver) and three Gold Medals (Prof Cameron, Prof Spikes, Prof Ioannides).
Friction Cover (December 2018)
A cover image related to the review article 'Advances in nonequilibrium molecular dynamics simulations of lubricants and additives' by Dr James Ewen, Prof David Heyes, and Prof Daniele Dini has been selected for the December 2018 issue of Friction.
Jason and Debashis win Poster Prizes (November 2018)
Curling Trip (November 2018)
Several members of the group put their tribology knowledge to the test with a trip to Queensway ice rink for some curling!
Li Second in Photo Competition (November 2018)
Langmuir Cover (October 2018)
A cover image related to the invited feature article 'Moving Contact Lines: Linking Molecular Dynamics and Continuum-Scale Modeling' by Dr Edward Smith, Panagiotis Theodorakis, Richard Craster, and Omar Matar has been selected for the October 2018 issue of Langmuir.
Snowdonia Trip (October 2018)
Several memebers of the lab recently enjoyed a weekend trip to Snowdonia. Some pictures below.
Dame Julia Higgins Engineering Postdoc Collaborative Research Fund (August 2018)
Dr Debashis Puhan from the Tribology Group, along with Diana Iruretagoyena Ferrer, Sarah H M Hedberg, and Di Zhang from the Department of Chemical Engineering, were successful in securing a sum of £ 3,000 from the Dame Julia Higgins Engineering Postdoc Collaborative Research Fund, for their research titled ‘Novel High-Performance Graphene Nanocomposites for Industrial CO2 Capture’.
Jonas Wins Best Presentation Prize (May 2018)
PhD Student Jonas Verschueren won the best talk prize at the 5th TSM-CDT Annual Conference. His talk was entitled: 'The role of dislocation-lattice interactions in the mobility of dislocations in the pure-glide regime'. More info here.
Royal Society Travel Grant (May 2018)
Prof Daniele Dini, Dr Edward Smith, and Dr James Ewen have recently been awarded an International Exchanges Grant from the Royal Society. The grant will be used to visit Prof Billy Todd at Swinburne University of Technology in Melbourne, Australia.
ELGI Visit (April 2018)
Around 50 delegates attending the 30th European Lubricants and Greases Institute (ELGI) AGM in London visited Imperial College on 24th April 2018. They were welcomed by Prof Daniele Dini who gave an overview of the research that the group does, followed by poster presentations and coffee sponsored by PCS Instruments, and finally a tour of the tribology labs.
EDEN2020 Project Video (March 2018)
A project video for EDEN2020 has been posted on Youtube. Several researchers from the Tribology Group are involved in the project which aims to develop an integrated platform for one-stop diagnosis and minimally invasive treatment in neurosurgery.
Rachel Wins IET Poster Prize (March 2018)
PhD Student Rachel Januszewski won the best poster presentation prize at the 2018 Institute of Engineering and Technology New Challenges in Tribology event.
Li Wins EPSRC Photo Prize (February 2018)
PhD Student Li Shen has won 1st prize in the 'Eureka and Discovery' category of the 2018 EPSRC Science Photo Competition. His entry, 'In a kitchen far far away...', was taken using a highly customised set-up comprising two Quality Street biscuit tins, an oven tray, parts of a Tesco water bottle, a piece of transparency paper, Fairy Liquid, a builder's lamp and a DSLR camera. More details here.
Marie Skłodowska-Curie Fellowships (February 2018)
Tribology Group member Dr Alessandra Ciniero and former member Dr Antonio Elia Forte have both secured Marie Skłodowska-Curie Individual Fellowships. Alessandra will be based at the University of Modena, Italy under the supervision of Prof Maria Clelia Righi, a collaborator of the Tribology Group. Antonio will be moving to Harvard University, USA.
Nicola Appointed SKF UTC Research Manager (January 2018)
Significant Interest in 3D Printing Research (December 2017)
Recent research from members of the Tribology Group (Zhengchu Tan, Prof Daniele Dini) on the EDEN2020 project has attracted significant global attention. The research 'Cryogenic 3D Printing of Super Soft Hydrogels' was published in the Nature journal Scientific Reports and has been picked up by news agencies around the world. More details here.
James Wins Margaret Fishenden Centenary Memorial Prize (November 2017)
Research Associate Dr James Ewen has been awarded the Margaret Fishenden Centenary Memorial Prize from the Department of Mechanical Engineering for the best PhD thesis over the previous five year period. His thesis ‘Molecular dynamics simulations of lubricants and additives’ is currently under embargo but the resultant publications can be found here. He has also been awarded a Doctoral Prize Fellowship from the EPSRC.
Sorin Wins Tribology Trust Bronze Medal (November 2017)
Research Associate Dr. Sorin-Cristian Vlădescu has been awarded the Tribology Trust Bronze Medal from the IMechE for his research. He joins several other senior members of the Tribology Group in receiving the award. More details here.
Women in Engineering (November 2017)
In a youtube video for Elsevier, five members of the Biotribology Group (Elze Porte, Harriet Stevenson, Zhengchu Tan, Dr. Maria Parkes, Dr. Phillppa Cann) described their work, their aspirations for the future, and advice for other women considering careers in engineering. Watch the video here.
EPSRC Fund Mechanochemistry Research (July 2017)
The EPSRC have announced grant funding for 'Mechanochemistry in Lubrication' (EP/P030211/1) led by Prof Hugh Spikes (PI), Prof Daniele Dini, and Dr Janet Wong. The research will combine state-of-the-art experimental and simulation methods to understand how the mechanical forces on additive molecules affect how they form tribofilms.
Elze Wins PhD Summer Showcase Prize (June 2017)
Biotribology PhD student Elze Porte has been awarded a poster prize in the PhD Summer Showcase organised by the Imperial Graduate School. In the Summer Showcase over 70 posters were presented by PhD students from around the College. Elze won the 2nd prize with her poster ‘Low friction through load sharing in hydrogels’. View her poster here.
Debashis Wins IET and WoM Poster Prizes (May 2017)
PhD Student Debashis Puhan won the Best Poster Prize at the The Institution of Engineering and Technology (IET) Challenges in Tribology event, more details here. He was also runner up for the Peter J Blau Best Poster Award at the Wear of Materials (WoM) conference in Long Beach, CA. More details here.
Tribology Group Win President's Award (May 2017)
The Tribology Group has won the 2017 Imperial College London President’s Award and Medal for Excellence in External Collaboration and Partnerships. This award celebrates the development of lasting external collaborations, and the impact of their research inside and outside Imperial. More information here.
Tribology Group Research Featured in Science Daily (April 2017)
Research by Professor Daniele Dini, in collaboration with universities in Lanzhou, China and Salento, Italy has been featured in Science Daily. The research investigated switchable underwater adhesion using nanohydrogel brushes.
Welcome Pawel (March 2017)
The Tribology Group have a new laboratory technician, Pawel Orzlowski, who has moved to us from Chemical Engineering. Please join us in welcoming him to the group!
Ski Trip (February 2017)
The 2017 Tribology Group ski trip to Les Deux Alpes, France was thoroughly enjoyed by all who attended.
Tribology Group Research Featured in Science News (February 2017)
Tribology Group Alumni on Channel 4 Documentary (January 2017)
A former member of the Tribology Group, Prof Rob Dwyer-Joyce (now University of Sheffield) featured in a Channel 4 doucmentary about Beijing's Forbidden City. He discussed the possible role of ice tribology in moving the huge stone blocks to the construction site. The documentary can be found here.
James Wins IMechE Prize (December 2016)
Li Wins APS Prize (December 2016)
Daniele Awarded Professorship and EPSRC Fellowship (May 2016)
Head of the Tribology Group, Daniele Dini has recently been awarded a Professorship in Tribology as well as an Established Career Fellowship from the EPSRC (EP/N025954/1), please join us in congratulating him!
Alessandra Wins STLE and ICL Prizes (May 2016)
PhD student Alessandra Ciniero won the Poster Competition at both the 2015 Imperial College London PhD Research Showcase and the 2016 STLE Annual Meeting in Las Vegas, NV.
Ski Trip (February 2016)
The 2016 edition of the annual Tribology Group ski trip was a great success with more than a dozen lab members traveling to Cortina, Italy for a well-deserved break.
Sorin Wins STLE and IOP Prizes (January 2016)
Research Associate Dr. Sorin-Cristian Vlădescu won the Platinum Poster Award (First Place) at the 2015 STLE Annual Meeting in Dallas, TX. He also won the 2016 best poster presentation prize during the Institute of Physics' Winter Tribology Fair.
New Labs (January 2016)
We are back! After a year spent in the lower levels of the Mechanical Engineering Department as part of the City and Guilds Building refurbishment we returned in October 2015 to our beautifully modernised laboratories on levels 4 and 5. Please feel free to visit us and admire.
Current PhD and PDRA vacancies are listed on the Tribology Group homepage. Please contact a member of the academic staff if you are interested in a PhD or Research Associate position within the Tribology Group. See the projects page for more information about our research.
Other opportunities for projects in collaboration with the Tribology Group are available through the Doctoral Training Centre in Theory and Simulation of Materials (TSM-CDT).
STLE Frontiers 2020
Several members of the Tribology Group are presenting thier work at the 2020 STLE Frontiers Conference. It was entirely online due to COVID-19 and ran 9-13th November. The conference was chaired by Prof. Daniele Dini. More info here.
Imperial College Tribology Course 2020
The Tribology Group will be hosting the Imperial College Tribology Course has been postponed due to COVID-19. It will provide a comprehensive and up-to-date understanding of friction, lubrication and wear with focus on practical applications of tribology relevant to current industry. More details here.
The 5th International Conference on BioTribology (ICoBT) has been postponed due to COVID-19. More info here.
Dr James Ewen and Dr Chiara Gattinoni organised the Web Seminar Series on Tribology (WeSST). More info here.
The Tribology Group at Imperial College London was due to host TriboUK in 2020. The conference has been postponed indefinitely due to COVID-19. More information here.
IOP Winter Tribology Fair 2020
The Institute of Physics (IOP) held its annual Winter Tribology Fair at the Halifax Hall, Sheffield on 31st January 2020. More details here.
UK Fluids SIG Meeting on NEMD
IMechE Mission of Tribology Research 2019
The Institution of Mechanical Engineers (IMechE) hosted the 28th Mission of Tribology Research event on 11th December 2019. Prof. Daniele Dini delivered the Donald Julius Groen Prize lecture following the event. More info here.
The Tribology Group presented thier work at the 2019 New Scientist Live (NSL) event at the ExCeL centre on 10-13th October 2019. The group gave demonstrations on Leonardo da Vinci's friction experiments, tribocharging, using light to study lubricant films, and biotribology of the brain. The event included more than 140 speakers and 100 exhibitors and was attended by thousands of children, parents, and teachers. Former lab member Maggie Aderin-Pocock gave a talk on the Main Stage entitled: Moon: Past, present and future.
28 Tribology Group members attended the 2019 International Tribology Conference (ITC) in Sendai, Japan. Prof. Daniele Dini was one of the conference's plenary speakers.
The 16th annual TriboUK conference was held on 10-11th July 2019 at the Institute of Functional Surfaces, University of Leeds. More information here.
STLE Annual Meeting 2019
The 74th STLE Annual Meeting was held in May 2019, more information here.
IET New Challenges in Tribology 2019
The Institution of Engineering and Technology (IET) held thier annual 'New Challenges in Tribology' event at The IET Birmingham: Austin Court on 26-27th March 2019. More information here.
First National Tribology Conference 2019
The First National Tribology Conference: Future Cities and Mobility, organised by the UK Tribology Network, a collaboration between five professional bodies (IoP, IET, IOM3, IMechE and RSC), was held at National Physical Laboratory, Teddington on 21st February 2019. More details here.
IOP Tribology Winter Fair 2019
The Institute of Physics (IOP) Tribology Group will hold its annual Tribology Winter Fair on 15th January 2019. The event was held at the new Institute of Physics building near Kings Cross.
27th IMechE Mission of Tribology Research 2018
The Institution of Mechanical Engineers (IMechE) hosted the 27th Mission of Tribology Research seminar on 6th December 2018. Dr James Ewen was awarded the Tribology Trust Bronze Medal and PhD students Ben Wainwright and Jun Wen gave presentations on thier work. More information here.
IOP Physics of Lubricant Additives 2018
The Institute of Physics (IOP) Tribology Group are organising a one-day meeting on the 16th November 2018 on Physics of Lubricant Additives, to coincide with their AGM. Post-doc Dr Joanna Dawcyz will be giving an invited talk on her PhD work. More details here.
STLE Tribology Frontiers 2018
The STLE Tribology Frontiers Conference was held 28-31st October 2018 in The Drake Hotel Chicago, USA. Several members of the group (2 academics, 2 PhD students, 7 RAs) attended the conference which was co-organised by Professor Daniele Dini.
The 4rd International Conference on BioTribology (ICoBT) was held between 26-29th September 2018 at the Hyatt Regency, Montreal, Canada. The conference was co-chaired by Dr Marc Masen from the Tribology Group. For more information, see here.
APS and ACS 2018
Several researchers from the Tribology Group presented thier research at the Spring Meetings of the American Physical Society (APS) and American Chemical Society (ACS) held in Los Angeles 5-9th March 2018 and New Orleans 18-22nd March respectively. More details here (APS) and here (ACS).
IET New Challenges in Tribology 2018
The Institution of Engineering and Technology (IET) held a two-day event entitled 'New Challenges in Tribology' at The IET Birmingham: Austin Court on 14-15th March 2018. Professor Hugh Spikes gave a talk on mechanochemistry in liquids at the event. More information here.
21st International Colloquium Tribology 2018
The 21st International Colloquium Tribology took place from 9-11th January 2018, at the Technische Akademie Esslingen e.V. in Ostfildern, Germany. For more than 40 years this colloquium has been Europe’s most important meeting for tribologists from all over the world, a platform for exchange of knowledge and networking between industry and universities. Detailed information on the colloquium can be found at: www.tae.de/go/tribology.
30 members of the Tribology Group attended the 6th World Tribology Congress (WTC) held in Beijing, China on 17-22nd September 2017. There were over 30 presentations from Imperial authors and Professor Spikes gave an insightful plenery lecture on 'Mechanochemistry in Tribology'. More information here.
MMM Hub Launch Event 2017
Professor Daniele Dini presented at the Materials and Molecular Modelling (MMM) Hub, co-hosted by The Science and Engineering South Consortium (SES) and the Thomas Young Centre at UCL in London on 14th September 2017. More details here.
IMechE Tribology Modelling Workshop 2017
PhD Student James Ewen presented his research at the IMechE event, 'Tribology Modelling: Friction and wear prediction across the scales' at the National Motorcycle Museum, Birmingham on 13th September 2017. He joined top experts in tribology modelling from academia and industry and presented on cutting edge methods in molecular simulations of lubricants and additives. More details here.
On 8th September 2017, A spin-off company from the Tribology Group, PCS Instruments recently celebrated thier 30th Anniversary at the Royal Geographical Society in London. Talks were given by PCS staff as well as members of the Imperial College Tribology Group. Pictures from the event can be found here.
Members of the Tribology Group attended the 44th Leeds-Lyon Symposium on Tribology in Lyon, France on 4-6th September 2017. More details here.
RSC Challenges in Tribology 2017
Professor Dini's Inaugural Lecture 2017
STLE Annual Meeting 2017
Several Imperial researchers traveled to Atlanta, GA to present thier work at the STLE Annual Meeting on 20-25th May 2017. Over 500 technical presentations were given by tribologists from all over the world during the week-long event.
The Tribology Group at Imperial College London hosted TriboUK on 27-28th April 2017. The event was a great success, with over 100 delegates attending from universities all over the UK and Europe! For more information, see here.
Researchers from the Tribology Group presented at the American Chemical Society (ACS) Spring Meeting in San Francisco, CA from 2-6th April 2017.
Wear of Materials 2017
Tribology Group members presented at the 21st Wear of Materials conference Long Beach, CA from 26-30th March 2017.
Lorentz Center Workshop 2017
From 30th January to 3rd February 2017 Professor Daniele Dini and PhD student James Ewen from the Shell UTC attended a workshop at the Lorentz Center in the Netherlands on 'Micro/Nanoscale Models for Tribology'. Daniele chaired a session on roughness models and James presented a poster on molecular dynamics simulations of lubricant additives. The workshop was a great success, with many fruitful discussions between some of the world's most prominent researchers in tribology modelling. Description and aims and list of participants.
The 69th Annual Meeting of the APS (American Physical Society) Division of Fluid Dynamics, held in Portland, OR, between 20–22th November 2016, was attended by members of the Tribology Group.
STLE Tribology Frontiers 2016
Several members of the Tribology Group presented thier research at the STLE Tribology Frontiers conference in Chicago, IL between 13-15th November 2016.
The Tribology Group at Imperial College London hosted the 3rd International Conference on BioTribology (ICoBT) on 11-14th September 2016. For more information, see: http://www.biotribologyconference.com/
Researchers from the Tribology Group presented at the American Chemical Society (ACS) Fall Meeting in Philadelphia, PA from August 21-25th 2016.
STLE Annual Meeting 2016
A strong Imperial contingent traveled to Las Vegas, NV for the STLE Annual Meeting from 15-19th May 2016. Over 500 technical presentations were given by tribologists from all over the world during the week-long event. Over ten talks were given by staff and students in the Tribology Group at Imperial College London.
Several Tribology Group Members attended the 20th International Colloquium Tribology in Esslingen, Germany from 12-14th January 2016.
Lists of Tribology Conferences
Lists of worldwide tribology conferences can be found here: