BibTex format

author = {Bin, Mamat AMI and Martinez-Botas, RF and Rajoo, S and Hao, L and Romagnoli, A},
doi = {10.1016/j.applthermaleng.2016.06.142},
journal = {Applied Thermal Engineering},
pages = {1166--1182},
title = {Design methodology of a low pressure turbine for waste heat recovery via electric turbocompounding},
url = {},
volume = {107},
year = {2016}

RIS format (EndNote, RefMan)

AB - This paper presents a design methodology of a high performance Low Pressure Turbine (LPT) for turbocompounding applications to be used in a 1.0 L “cost-effective, ultra-efficient heavily downsized gasoline engine for a small and large segment passenger car”. Under this assumption, the LPT was designed to recover the latent energy of discharged exhaust gases at low pressure ratios (1.05–1.3) and to drive a small electric generator with a maximum power output of 1.0 kW. The design speed was fixed at 50,000 rpm with a pressure ratio, PR of 1.08. Commercially available turbines are not suitable for this purpose due to the very low efficiencies experienced when operating in these pressure ratio ranges. By fixing all the LPT requirements, the turbine loss model was combined with the geometrical model to calculate preliminary LPT geometry. The LPT features a mixed-flow turbine with a cone angle of 40° and 9 blades, with an inlet blade angle at radius mean square of +20°. The exit-to-inlet area ratio value is approximately 0.372 which is outside of the conventional range indicating the novelty of the approach. A single passage Computational Fluid Dynamics (CFD) model was applied to optimize the preliminary LPT design by changing the inlet absolute angle. The investigation found the optimal inlet absolute angle was 77°. Turbine off-design performance was then predicted from single passage CFD model. A rapid prototype of the LPT was manufactured and tested in Imperial College turbocharger testing facility under steady-state and pulsating flow. The steady-state testing was conducted over speed parameter ranges from 1206 rpm/K0.5 to 1809 rpm/K0.5. The test results showed a typical flow capacity trend as a conventional radial turbine but the LPT had higher total-to-static efficiency, ηt-s in the lower pressure ratio regions. A maximum total-to-static efficiency, ηt-s of 0.758 at pressure ratio, PR ≈ 1.1 was found, no available turbines
AU - Bin,Mamat AMI
AU - Martinez-Botas,RF
AU - Rajoo,S
AU - Hao,L
AU - Romagnoli,A
DO - 10.1016/j.applthermaleng.2016.06.142
EP - 1182
PY - 2016///
SN - 1873-5606
SP - 1166
TI - Design methodology of a low pressure turbine for waste heat recovery via electric turbocompounding
T2 - Applied Thermal Engineering
UR -
UR -
VL - 107
ER -