This seminar discusses how Monte Carlo track structure simulation codes such as Geant4-DNA or Topas-nBio can be used to go beyond linear energy transfer calculations to develop models of DNA damage using nanodosimetry. Nanodosimetry can predict the spectrum of DNA damage that occurs within Proton Therapy treatment plans. Understanding the physical qualities of protons that cause biological uncertainty due to changes in the proton relative biological effectiveness is important, but is only half the picture. Coupling DNA damage models to mechanistic models which simulate the DNA repair process can help us understand what physics processes lead to cellular outcomes in terms of survival, chromosome aberration, or other endpoints. This coupled model of DNA damage and repair can be used to calculate a biologically augmented treatment plan based on nanodosimetry, with potential for more accurate prediction of proton RBE than phenomenological models, however considerable biological uncertainty remains.
For details of the ZOOM connection please visit the CCAP seminar listing.