BibTex format

author = {Stolting, H and Baillon, L and Frise, R and Bonner, K and Hewitt, RJ and Molyneaux, PL and Gore, ML and Barclay, WS and Saglani, S and Lloyd, CM},
doi = {10.1038/s41385-022-00545-4},
journal = {Mucosal Immunology},
pages = {952--963},
title = {Distinct airway epithelial immune responses after infection with SARS-CoV-2 compared to H1N1},
url = {},
volume = {15},
year = {2022}

RIS format (EndNote, RefMan)

AB - Children are less likely than adults to suffer severe symptoms when infected with severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2), while influenza A H1N1 severity is comparable across ages except for the very young or elderly. Airway epithelial cells play a vital role in the early defence against viruses via their barrier and immune functions. We investigated viral replication and immune responses in SARS-CoV-2-infected bronchial epithelial cells from healthy paediatric (n = 6; 2.5–5.6 years old) and adult (n = 4; 47–63 years old) subjects and compared cellular responses following infection with SARS-CoV-2 or Influenza A H1N1. While infection with either virus triggered robust transcriptional interferon responses, including induction of type I (IFNB1) and type III (IFNL1) interferons, markedly lower levels of interferons and inflammatory proteins (IL-6, IL-8) were released following SARS-CoV-2 compared to H1N1 infection. Only H1N1 infection caused disruption of the epithelial layer. Interestingly, H1N1 infection resulted in sustained upregulation of SARS-CoV-2 entry factors FURIN and NRP1. We did not find any differences in the epithelial response to SARS-CoV-2 infection between paediatric and adult cells. Overall, SARS-CoV-2 had diminished potential to replicate, affect morphology and evoke immune responses in bronchial epithelial cells compared to H1N1.
AU - Stolting,H
AU - Baillon,L
AU - Frise,R
AU - Bonner,K
AU - Hewitt,RJ
AU - Molyneaux,PL
AU - Gore,ML
AU - Barclay,WS
AU - Saglani,S
AU - Lloyd,CM
DO - 10.1038/s41385-022-00545-4
EP - 963
PY - 2022///
SN - 1933-0219
SP - 952
TI - Distinct airway epithelial immune responses after infection with SARS-CoV-2 compared to H1N1
T2 - Mucosal Immunology
UR -
UR -
UR -
VL - 15
ER -