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  • Journal article
    Hayrapetyan A, Tumasyan A, Adam W, Andrejkovic JW, Bergauer T, Chatterjee S, Damanakis K, Dragicevic M, Hussain PS, Jeitler M, Krammer N, Li A, Liko D, Mikulec I, Schieck J, Schöfbeck R, Schwarz D, Sonawane M, Templ S, Waltenberger W, Wulz C-E, Darwish MR, Janssen T, Van Mechelen P, Bols ES, DHondt J, Dansana S, De Moor A, Delcourt M, El Faham H, Lowette S, Makarenko I, Müller D, Sahasransu AR, Tavernier S, Tytgat M, Van Onsem GP, Van Putte S, Vannerom D, Clerbaux B, Das AK, De Lentdecker G, Favart L, Gianneios P, Hohov D, Jaramillo J, Khalilzadeh A, Lee K, Mahdavikhorrami M, Malara A, Paredes S, Pétré L, Postiau N, Thomas L, Vanden Bemden M, Vander Velde C, Vanlaer P, De Coen M, Dobur D, Hong Y, Knolle J, Lambrecht L, Mestdach G, Mota Amarilo K, Rendón C, Samalan A, Skovpen K, Van Den Bossche N, van der Linden J, Wezenbeek L, Benecke A, Bethani A, Bruno G, Caputo C, Delaere C, Donertas IS, Giammanco A, Jaffel K, Jain S, Lemaitre V, Lidrych J, Mastrapasqua P, Mondal K, Tran TT, Wertz S, Alves GA, Coelho E, Hensel C, Menezes De Oliveira T, Moraes A, Rebello Teles P, Soeiro M, Aldá Júnior WL, Alves Gallo Pereira M, Barroso Ferreira Filho M, Brandao Malbouisson H, Carvalho W, Chinellato J, Da Costa EM, Da Silveira GG, De Jesus Damiao D, Fonseca De Souza S, Gomes De Souza R, Martins J, Mora Herrera C, Mundim L, Nogima H, Pinheiro JP, Santoro A, Sznajder A, Thiel M, Vilela Pereira A, Bernardes CA, Calligaris L, Fernandez Perez Tomei TR, Gregores EM, Mercadante PG, Novaes SF, Orzari B, Padula SS, Aleksandrov A, Hadjiiska R, Iaydjiev P, Misheva M, Shopova M, Sultanov G, Dimitrov A, Litov L, Pavlov B, Petkov P, Petrov A, Shumka E, Keshri S, Thakur S, Cheng T, Guo Q, Javaid T, Yuan L, Hu Z, Liu J, Yi K, Chen GM, Chen HS, Chen M, Iemmi F, Jiang CH, Kapoor A, Liao H, Liu Z-A, Sharma R, Song JN, Tao J, Wang C, Wang J, Wang Z, Zhang H, Agapitos A, Ban Y, Levin A, Li C, Li Q, Mao Y, Qian SJ, Sun X, Wang D, Yang H, Zhang L, Zhou C, You Z, Lu N, Bauer G, Gao X, Leggat D, Okawa Het al., 2024,

    Nonresonant central exclusive production of charged-hadron pairs in proton-proton collisions at <mml:math xmlns:mml="http://www.w3.org/1998/Math/MathML" display="inline"><mml:msqrt><mml:mi>s</mml:mi></mml:msqrt><mml:mo>=</mml:mo><mml:mn>13</mml:mn><mml:mtext> </mml:mtext><mml:mtext> </mml:mtext><mml:mi>TeV</mml:mi></mml:math>

    , Physical Review D, Vol: 109, ISSN: 2470-0010

    <jats:p>The central exclusive production of charged-hadron pairs in <a:math xmlns:a="http://www.w3.org/1998/Math/MathML" display="inline"><a:mi>p</a:mi><a:mi>p</a:mi></a:math> collisions at a center-of-mass energy of 13 TeV is examined, based on data collected in a special high-<c:math xmlns:c="http://www.w3.org/1998/Math/MathML" display="inline"><c:msup><c:mi>β</c:mi><c:mo>*</c:mo></c:msup></c:math> run of the LHC. The nonresonant continuum processes are studied with the invariant mass of the centrally produced two-pion system in the resonance-free region, <e:math xmlns:e="http://www.w3.org/1998/Math/MathML" display="inline"><e:msub><e:mi>m</e:mi><e:mrow><e:msup><e:mi>π</e:mi><e:mo>+</e:mo></e:msup><e:msup><e:mi>π</e:mi><e:mo>−</e:mo></e:msup></e:mrow></e:msub><e:mo>&lt;</e:mo><e:mn>0.7</e:mn></e:math> or <g:math xmlns:g="http://www.w3.org/1998/Math/MathML" display="inline"><g:msub><g:mi>m</g:mi><g:mrow><g:msup><g:mi>π</g:mi><g:mo>+</g:mo></g:msup><g:msup><g:mi>π</g:mi><g:mo>−</g:mo></g:msup></g:mrow></g:msub><g:mo>&gt;</g:mo><g:mn>1.8</g:mn><g:mtext> </g:mtext><g:mtext> </g:mtext><g:mi>GeV</g:mi></g:math>. Differential cross sections as functions of the azimuthal angle between the surviving protons, squared exchanged four-momenta, and <i:math xmlns:i="http://www.w3.org/1998/Math/MathML" display="inline"><i:msub><i:mi>m</i:mi><i:mrow><i:msup><i:mi>π</i:mi>

  • Journal article
    Mandal AK, Sarkar S, Chandra M, Mandal S, Chowdhury S, Jana A, Bagri A, Bera AK, Kumar D, Das I, Rajhunathan R, Phase DM, Choudhary RJet al., 2024,

    Navigating the magnetic contribution of the commonly used single-crystal substrates SrTiO<inf>3</inf> (100) and LaAlO<inf>3</inf> (100) in weak magnetic thin films

    , Journal of Physics D: Applied Physics, Vol: 57, ISSN: 0022-3727

    In recent years, thin films of weak ferromagnetic materials have been in huge demand; however, probing their magnetic characteristics has been difficult due to contributions from underlying substrates. In the present study, we have analyzed the magnetic properties of the commonly used single-crystal SrTiO3 (100) and LaAlO3 (100) substrates and performed a time-dependent annealing protocol in vacuum and ambient oxygen pressure to mitigate the intrinsic weak ferromagnetic contributions from these substrates arising due to the presence of disorder or defects such as vacancies in the pristine substrates. It is shown that after proper air annealing, the substrate magnetic background becomes diamagnetic. When such air-annealed diamagnetic substrates are used for the deposition of low-thickness films carrying low magnetic moments such as SrRuO3 and SrMnO3 thin films, their magnetic transitions are explicitly observed. The proposed annealing protocols help to improve the signal from weak magnetic samples. This allows us to analyze the film’s magnetic properties without worrying about the contribution from the substrate.

  • Journal article
    Hayrapetyan A, Tumasyan A, Adam W, Andrejkovic JW, Bergauer T, Chatterjee S, Damanakis K, Dragicevic M, Hussain PS, Jeitler M, Krammer N, Li A, Liko D, Mikulec I, Schieck J, Schöfbeck R, Schwarz D, Sonawane M, Templ S, Waltenberger W, Wulz C-E, Darwish MR, Janssen T, Van Mechelen P, Bols ES, DHondt J, Dansana S, De Moor A, Delcourt M, Lowette S, Makarenko I, Müller D, Tavernier S, Tytgat M, Van Onsem GP, Van Putte S, Vannerom D, Clerbaux B, Das AK, De Lentdecker G, Evard H, Favart L, Gianneios P, Hohov D, Jaramillo J, Khalilzadeh A, Khan FA, Lee K, Mahdavikhorrami M, Malara A, Paredes S, Thomas L, Vanden Bemden M, Vander Velde C, Vanlaer P, De Coen M, Dobur D, Hong Y, Knolle J, Lambrecht L, Mestdach G, Mota Amarilo K, Rendón C, Samalan A, Skovpen K, Van Den Bossche N, van der Linden J, Wezenbeek L, Benecke A, Bethani A, Bruno G, Caputo C, Delaere C, Donertas IS, Giammanco A, Jain S, Lemaitre V, Lidrych J, Mastrapasqua P, Tran TT, Wertz S, Alves GA, Coelho E, Hensel C, Menezes De Oliveira T, Moraes A, Rebello Teles P, Soeiro M, Aldá Júnior WL, Alves Gallo Pereira M, Barroso Ferreira Filho M, Brandao Malbouisson H, Carvalho W, Chinellato J, Da Costa EM, Da Silveira GG, De Jesus Damiao D, Fonseca De Souza S, Gomes De Souza R, Martins J, Mora Herrera C, Mundim L, Nogima H, Pinheiro JP, Santoro A, Sznajder A, Thiel M, Vilela Pereira A, Bernardes CA, Calligaris L, Tomei TRFP, Gregores EM, Mercadante PG, Novaes SF, Orzari B, Padula SS, Aleksandrov A, Antchev G, Hadjiiska R, Iaydjiev P, Misheva M, Shopova M, Sultanov G, Dimitrov A, Litov L, Pavlov B, Petkov P, Petrov A, Shumka E, Keshri S, Thakur S, Cheng T, Javaid T, Yuan L, Hu Z, Liu J, Yi K, Chen GM, Chen HS, Chen M, Iemmi F, Jiang CH, Kapoor A, Liao H, Liu Z-A, Sharma R, Song JN, Tao J, Wang C, Wang J, Wang Z, Zhang H, Agapitos A, Ban Y, Levin A, Li C, Li Q, Mao Y, Qian SJ, Sun X, Wang D, Yang H, Zhang L, Zhou C, You Z, Jaffel K, Lu N, Bauer G, Gao X, Lin Z, Lu C, Xiao M, Avila C, Barbosa Trujillo DA, Cabrera A, Florezet al., 2024,

    Search for long-lived particles using displaced vertices and missing transverse momentum in proton-proton collisions at <mml:math xmlns:mml="http://www.w3.org/1998/Math/MathML" display="inline"><mml:msqrt><mml:mi>s</mml:mi></mml:msqrt><mml:mo>=</mml:mo><mml:mn>13</mml:mn><mml:mtext> </mml:mtext><mml:mtext> </mml:mtext><mml:mi>TeV</mml:mi></mml:math>

    , Physical Review D, Vol: 109, ISSN: 2470-0010

    <jats:p>A search for the production of long-lived particles in proton-proton collisions at a center-of-mass energy of 13 TeV at the CERN LHC is presented. The search is based on data collected by the CMS experiment in 2016–2018, corresponding to a total integrated luminosity of <a:math xmlns:a="http://www.w3.org/1998/Math/MathML" display="inline"><a:mn>137</a:mn><a:mtext> </a:mtext><a:mtext> </a:mtext><a:msup><a:mi>fb</a:mi><a:mrow><a:mo>−</a:mo><a:mn>1</a:mn></a:mrow></a:msup></a:math>. This search is designed to be sensitive to long-lived particles with mean proper decay lengths between 0.1 and 1000 mm, whose decay products produce a final state with at least one displaced vertex and missing transverse momentum. A machine learning algorithm, which improves the background rejection power by more than an order of magnitude, is applied to improve the sensitivity. The observation is consistent with the standard model background prediction, and the results are used to constrain split supersymmetry (SUSY) and gauge-mediated SUSY breaking models with different gluino mean proper decay lengths and masses. This search is the first CMS search that shows sensitivity to hadronically decaying long-lived particles from signals with mass differences between the gluino and neutralino below 100 GeV. It sets the most stringent limits to date for split-SUSY models and gauge-mediated SUSY breaking models with gluino proper decay length less than 6 mm.</jats:p> <jats:sec> <jats:title/> <jats:supplementary-material> <jats:permissions> <jats:copyright-statement>© 2024 CERN, for the CMS Collaboration</jats:copyright-statement> <jats:copyright-year>2024</jats:copyright-year>

  • Journal article
    Hayrapetyan A, Tumasyan A, Adam W, Andrejkovic JW, Bergauer T, Chatterjee S, Damanakis K, Dragicevic M, Hussain PS, Jeitler M, Krammer N, Li A, Liko D, Mikulec I, Schieck J, Schöfbeck R, Schwarz D, Sonawane M, Templ S, Waltenberger W, Wulz C-E, Darwish MR, Janssen T, Van Mechelen P, Bols ES, DHondt J, Dansana S, De Moor A, Delcourt M, El Faham H, Lowette S, Makarenko I, Müller D, Sahasransu AR, Tavernier S, Tytgat M, Van Putte S, Vannerom D, Clerbaux B, De Lentdecker G, Favart L, Hohov D, Jaramillo J, Khalilzadeh A, Lee K, Mahdavikhorrami M, Malara A, Paredes S, Pétré L, Postiau N, Thomas L, Vanden Bemden M, Vander Velde C, Vanlaer P, De Coen M, Dobur D, Hong Y, Knolle J, Lambrecht L, Mestdach G, Rendón C, Samalan A, Skovpen K, Van Den Bossche N, van der Linden J, Wezenbeek L, Benecke A, Bethani A, Bruno G, Caputo C, Delaere C, Donertas IS, Giammanco A, Jaffel K, Jain S, Lemaitre V, Lidrych J, Mastrapasqua P, Mondal K, Tran TT, Wertz S, Alves GA, Coelho E, Hensel C, Menezes De Oliveira T, Moraes A, Rebello Teles P, Soeiro M, Aldá Júnior WL, Alves Gallo Pereira M, Barroso Ferreira Filho M, Brandao Malbouisson H, Carvalho W, Chinellato J, Da Costa EM, Da Silveira GG, De Jesus Damiao D, Fonseca De Souza S, Gomes De Souza R, Martins J, Mora Herrera C, Mota Amarilo K, Mundim L, Nogima H, Santoro A, Sznajder A, Thiel M, Vilela Pereira A, Bernardes CA, Calligaris L, Tomei TRFP, Gregores EM, Mercadante PG, Novaes SF, Orzari B, Padula SS, Aleksandrov A, Antchev G, Hadjiiska R, Iaydjiev P, Misheva M, Shopova M, Sultanov G, Dimitrov A, Litov L, Pavlov B, Petkov P, Petrov A, Shumka E, Keshri S, Thakur S, Cheng T, Guo Q, Javaid T, Yuan L, Hu Z, Liu J, Yi K, Chen GM, Chen HS, Chen M, Iemmi F, Jiang CH, Kapoor A, Liao H, Liu Z-A, Sharma R, Song JN, Tao J, Wang C, Wang J, Wang Z, Zhang H, Agapitos A, Ban Y, Levin A, Li C, Li Q, Mao Y, Qian SJ, Sun X, Wang D, Yang H, Zhang L, Zhou C, You Z, Lu N, Bauer G, Gao X, Leggat D, Okawa H, Lin Z, Lu C, Xiao M, Avila C, Barbosa Trujillo DAet al., 2024,

    Search for pair production of scalar and vector leptoquarks decaying to muons and bottom quarks in proton-proton collisions at <mml:math xmlns:mml="http://www.w3.org/1998/Math/MathML" display="inline"><mml:msqrt><mml:mi>s</mml:mi></mml:msqrt><mml:mo>=</mml:mo><mml:mn>13</mml:mn><mml:mtext> </mml:mtext><mml:mtext> </mml:mtext><mml:mi>TeV</mml:mi></mml:math>

    , Physical Review D, Vol: 109, ISSN: 2470-0010

    <jats:p>A search for pair production of scalar and vector leptoquarks (LQs) each decaying to a muon and a bottom quark is performed using proton-proton collision data collected at <a:math xmlns:a="http://www.w3.org/1998/Math/MathML" display="inline"><a:msqrt><a:mi>s</a:mi></a:msqrt><a:mo>=</a:mo><a:mn>13</a:mn><a:mtext> </a:mtext><a:mtext> </a:mtext><a:mi>TeV</a:mi></a:math> with the CMS detector at the CERN LHC, corresponding to an integrated luminosity of <c:math xmlns:c="http://www.w3.org/1998/Math/MathML" display="inline"><c:mn>138</c:mn><c:mtext> </c:mtext><c:mtext> </c:mtext><c:msup><c:mi>fb</c:mi><c:mrow><c:mo>−</c:mo><c:mn>1</c:mn></c:mrow></c:msup></c:math>. No excess above standard model expectation is observed. Scalar (vector) LQs with masses less than 1810 (2120) GeV are excluded at 95% confidence level, assuming a 100% branching fraction of the LQ decaying to a muon and a bottom quark. These limits represent the most stringent to date.</jats:p> <jats:sec> <jats:title/> <jats:supplementary-material> <jats:permissions> <jats:copyright-statement>© 2024 CERN, for the CMS Collaboration</jats:copyright-statement> <jats:copyright-year>2024</jats:copyright-year> <jats:copyright-holder>CERN</jats:copyright-holder> </jats:permissions> </jats:supplementary-material> </jats:sec>

  • Journal article
    Hayrapetyan A, Tumasyan A, Adam W, Andrejkovic JW, Bergauer T, Chatterjee S, Damanakis K, Dragicevic M, Hussain PS, Jeitler M, Krammer N, Li A, Liko D, Mikulec I, Schieck J, Schöfbeck R, Schwarz D, Sonawane M, Templ S, Waltenberger W, Wulz CE, Darwish MR, Janssen T, Van Mechelen P, Breugelmans N, DHondt J, Dansana S, De Moor A, Delcourt M, Heyen F, Lowette S, Makarenko I, Müller D, Tavernier S, Tytgat M, Van Onsem GP, Van Putte S, Vannerom D, Clerbaux B, Das AK, De Lentdecker G, Evard H, Favart L, Gianneios P, Hohov D, Jaramillo J, Khalilzadeh A, Khan FA, Lee K, Mahdavikhorrami M, Malara A, Paredes S, Shahzad MA, Thomas L, Vanden Bemden M, Vander Velde C, Vanlaer P, De Coen M, Dobur D, Gokbulut G, Hong Y, Knolle J, Lambrecht L, Marckx D, Mestdach G, Mota Amarilo K, Samalan A, Skovpen K, Van Den Bossche N, van der Linden J, Wezenbeek L, Benecke A, Bethani A, Bruno G, Caputo C, De Favereau De Jeneret J, Delaere C, Donertas IS, Giammanco A, Guzel AO, Jain S, Lemaitre V, Lidrych J, Mastrapasqua P, Tran TT, Wertz S, Alves GA, Alves Gallo Pereira M, Coelho E, Correia Silva G, Hensel C, Menezes De Oliveira T, Moraes A, Rebello Teles P, Soeiro M, Vilela Pereira A, Aldá Júnior WL, Barroso Ferreira Filho M, Brandao Malbouisson H, Carvalho Wet al., 2024,

    Observation of the Formula Presented decay in proton-proton collisions at Formula Presented

    , Physical Review D, Vol: 109, ISSN: 2470-0010

    The Formula Presented decay has been observed with a statistical significance in excess of five standard deviations. The analysis is based on an event sample of proton-proton collisions at a center-of-mass energy of 13 TeV, collected by the CMS experiment in 2018 and corresponding to an integrated luminosity of Formula Presented. Normalizing to the Formula Presented decay mode leads to a branching fraction of Formula Presented, a value that is consistent with the standard model prediction.

  • Journal article
    Hayrapetyan A, Tumasyan A, Adam W, Andrejkovic JW, Bergauer T, Chatterjee S, Damanakis K, Dragicevic M, Del Valle AE, Hussain PS, Jeitler M, Krammer N, Liko D, Mikulec I, Schieck J, Schofbeck R, Schwarz D, Sonawane M, Templ S, Waltenberger W, Wulz CE, Darwish MR, Janssen T, Van Mechelen P, Bols ES, DHondt J, Dansana S, De Moor A, Delcourt M, El Faham H, Lowette S, Makarenko I, Morton A, Muller D, Sahasransu AR, Tavernier S, Tytgat M, Van Putte S, Vannerom D, Clerbaux B, De Lentdecker G, Favart L, Hohov D, Jaramillo J, Khalilzadeh A, Lee K, Mahdavikhorrami M, Malara A, Paredes S, Petre L, Postiau N, Thomas L, Vanden Bemden M, Vander Velde C, Vanlaer P, De Coen M, Dobur D, Knolle J, Lambrecht L, Mestdach G, Rendon C, Samalan A, Skovpen K, Van Den Bossche N, Vermassen B, Wezenbeek L, Benecke A, Bruno G, Caputo C, Delaere C, Donertas IS, Giammanco A, Jaffel K, Jain S, Lemaitre V, Lidrych J, Mastrapasqua P, Mondal K, Tran TT, Wertz S, Alves GA, Coelho E, Hensel C, Menezes De Oliveira T, Moraes A, Rebello Teles P, Soeiro M, Alda Junior WL, Alves Gallo Pereira M, Barroso Ferreira Filho M, Brandao Malbouisson H, Carvalho W, Chinellato J, Da Costa EM, Da Silveira GG, De Jesus Damiao D, Fronseca De Souza S, Martins J, Mora Herrera C, Mota Amarilo Ket al., 2024,

    Search for stealth supersymmetry in final states with two photons, jets, and low missing transverse momentum in proton-proton collisions at Formula Presented

    , Physical Review D, Vol: 109, ISSN: 2470-0010

    The results of a search for stealth supersymmetry in final states with two photons and jets, targeting a phase space region with low missing transverse momentum (Formula Presented), are reported. The study is based on a sample of proton-proton collisions at Formula Presented collected by the CMS experiment, corresponding to an integrated luminosity of Formula Presented. As LHC results continue to constrain the parameter space of the minimal supersymmetric standard model, the low Formula Presented regime is increasingly valuable to explore. To estimate the backgrounds due to standard model processes in such events, we apply corrections derived from simulation to an estimate based on a control selection in data. The results are interpreted in the context of simplified stealth supersymmetry models with gluino and squark pair production. The observed data are consistent with the standard model predictions, and gluino (squark) masses of up to 2150 (1850) GeV are excluded at the 95% confidence level.

  • Journal article
    Abend S, Allard B, Alonso I, Antoniadis J, Araujo H, Arduini G, Arnold AS, Asano T, Augst N, Badurina L, Balaz A, Banks H, Barone M, Barsanti M, Bassi A, Battelier B, Baynham CFA, Beaufils Q, Belic A, Beniwal A, Bernabeu J, Bertinelli F, Bertoldi A, Biswas IA, Blas D, Boegel P, Bogojevic A, Bohm J, Bohringer S, Bongs K, Bouyer P, Brand C, Brimis A, Buchmueller O, Cacciapuoti L, Calatroni S, Canuel B, Caprini C, Caramete A, Caramete L, Carlesso M, Carlton J, Casariego M, Charmandaris V, Chen YA, Chiofalo ML, Cimbri A, Coleman J, Constantin FL, Contaldi CR, Cui Y, Ros ED, Davies G, Rosendo EDP, Deppner C, Derevianko A, de Rham C, De Roeck A, Derr D, Pumpo FD, Djordjevic GS, Dobrich B, Domokos P, Dornan P, Doser M, Drougakis G, Dunningham J, Duspayev A, Easo S, Eby J, Efremov M, Ekelof T, Elertas G, Ellis J, Evans D, Fadeev P, Fanì M, Fassi F, Fattori M, Fayet P, Felea D, Feng J, Friedrich A, Fuchs E, Gaaloul N, Gao D, Gardner S, Garraway B, Gauguet A, Gerlach S, Gersemann M, Gibson V, Giese E, Giudice GF, Glasbrenner EP, Gundo M, Haehnelt M, Hakulinen T, Hammerer K, Hanımeli ETet al., 2024,

    Terrestrial very-long-baseline atom interferometry: Workshop summary

    , AVS Quantum Science, Vol: 6

    This document presents a summary of the 2023 Terrestrial Very-Long-Baseline Atom Interferometry Workshop hosted by CERN. The workshop brought together experts from around the world to discuss the exciting developments in large-scale atom interferometer (AI) prototypes and their potential for detecting ultralight dark matter and gravitational waves. The primary objective of the workshop was to lay the groundwork for an international TVLBAI proto-collaboration. This collaboration aims to unite researchers from different institutions to strategize and secure funding for terrestrial large-scale AI projects. The ultimate goal is to create a roadmap detailing the design and technology choices for one or more kilometer–scale detectors, which will be operational in the mid-2030s. The key sections of this report present the physics case and technical challenges, together with a comprehensive overview of the discussions at the workshop together with the main conclusions.

  • Journal article
    Hayrapetyan A, Tumasyan A, Adam W, Andrejkovic JW, Bergauer T, Chatterjee S, Damanakis K, Dragicevic M, Hussain PS, Jeitler M, Krammer N, Li A, Liko D, Mikulec I, Schieck J, Schöfbeck R, Schwarz D, Sonawane M, Templ S, Waltenberger W, Wulz CE, Darwish MR, Janssen T, Van Mechelen P, Bols ES, D'Hondt J, Dansana S, De Moor A, Delcourt M, El Faham H, Lowette S, Makarenko I, Müller D, Sahasransu AR, Tavernier S, Tytgat M, Van Putte S, Vannerom D, Clerbaux B, De Lentdecker G, Favart L, Hohov D, Jaramillo J, Khalilzadeh A, Lee K, Mahdavikhorrami M, Malara A, Paredes S, Pétré L, Postiau N, Thomas L, Vanden Bemden M, Vander Velde C, Vanlaer P, De Coen M, Dobur D, Hong Y, Knolle J, Lambrecht L, Mestdach G, Rendón C, Samalan A, Skovpen K, Van Den Bossche N, Wezenbeek L, Benecke A, Bruno G, Caputo C, Delaere C, Donertas IS, Giammanco A, Jaffel K, Jain S, Lemaitre V, Lidrych J, Mastrapasqua P, Mondal K, Tran TT, Wertz S, Alves GA, Coelho E, Hensel C, Menezes De Oliveira T, Moraes A, Rebello Teles P, Soeiro M, Aldá WL, Alves Gallo Pereira M, Barroso Ferreira Filho M, Brandao Malbouisson H, Carvalho W, Chinellato J, Da Costa EM, Da Silveira GG, De Jesus Damiao D, Fonseca De Souza S, Martins J, Mora Herrera C, Mota Amarilo K, Mundim Let al., 2024,

    Search for the lepton flavor violating τ → 3μ decay in proton-proton collisions at s=13TeV

    , Physics Letters, Section B: Nuclear, Elementary Particle and High-Energy Physics, Vol: 853, ISSN: 0370-2693

    A search for the lepton flavor violating τ→3μ decay is performed using proton-proton collision events at a center-of-mass energy of 13 TeV collected by the CMS experiment at the LHC in 2017–2018, corresponding to an integrated luminosity of 97.7 fb−1. Tau leptons produced in both heavy-flavor hadron and W boson decays are exploited in the analysis. No evidence for the decay is observed. The results of this search are combined with an earlier null result based on data collected in 2016 to obtain a total integrated luminosity of 131 fb−1. The observed (expected) upper limits on the branching fraction B(τ→3μ) at confidence levels of 90 and 95% are 2.9×10−8 (2.4×10−8) and 3.6×10−8 (3.0×10−8), respectively.

  • Journal article
    Hayrapetyan A, Tumasyan A, Adam W, Andrejkovic JW, Bergauer T, Chatterjee S, Damanakis K, Dragicevic M, Escalante Del Valle A, Hussain PS, Jeitler M, Krammer N, Liko D, Mikulec I, Schieck J, Schöfbeck R, Schwarz D, Sonawane M, Templ S, Waltenberger W, Wulz CE, Darwish MR, Janssen T, Van Mechelen P, Bols ES, DHondt J, Dansana S, De Moor A, Delcourt M, El Faham H, Lowette S, Makarenko I, Müller D, Sahasransu AR, Tavernier S, Tytgat M, Van Putte S, Vannerom D, Clerbaux B, De Lentdecker G, Favart L, Hohov D, Jaramillo J, Khalilzadeh A, Lee K, Mahdavikhorrami M, Malara A, Paredes S, Pétré L, Postiau N, Thomas L, Vanden Bemden M, Vander Velde C, Vanlaer P, De Coen M, Dobur D, Hong Y, Knolle J, Lambrecht L, Mestdach G, Rendón C, Samalan A, Skovpen K, Van Den Bossche N, Wezenbeek L, Benecke A, Bruno G, Caputo C, Delaere C, Donertas IS, Giammanco A, Jaffel K, Jain S, Lemaitre V, Lidrych J, Mastrapasqua P, Mondal K, Tran TT, Wertz S, Alves GA, Coelho E, Hensel C, Menezes De Oliveira T, Moraes A, Rebello Teles P, Soeiro M, Aldá Júnior WL, Alves Gallo Pereira M, Barroso Ferreira Filho M, Brandao Malbouisson H, Carvalho W, Chinellato J, Da Costa EM, Da Silveira GG, De Jesus Damiao D, Fonseca De Souza S, Martins J, Mora Herrera C, Mota Amarilo K, Mundim Let al., 2024,

    Combined search for electroweak production of winos, binos, higgsinos, and sleptons in proton-proton collisions at Formula Presented

    , Physical Review D, Vol: 109, ISSN: 2470-0010

    A combination of the results of several searches for the electroweak production of the supersymmetric partners of standard model bosons, and of charged leptons, is presented. All searches use proton-proton collision data at Formula Presented recorded with the CMS detector at the LHC in 2016-2018. The analyzed data correspond to an integrated luminosity of up to Formula Presented. The results are interpreted in terms of simplified models of supersymmetry. Two new interpretations are added with this combination: a model spectrum with the bino as the lightest supersymmetric particle together with mass-degenerate Higgsinos decaying to the bino and a standard model boson, and the compressed-spectrum region of a previously studied model of slepton pair production. Improved analysis techniques are employed to optimize sensitivity for the compressed spectra in the wino and slepton pair production models. The results are consistent with expectations from the standard model. The combination provides a more comprehensive coverage of the model parameter space than the individual searches, extending the exclusion by up to 125 GeV, and also targets some of the intermediate gaps in the mass coverage.

  • Journal article
    Brown C, Spannowsky M, Tapper A, Williams S, Xiotidis Iet al., 2024,

    Quantum pathways for charged track finding in high-energy collisions

    , Frontiers in Artificial Intelligence, Vol: 7, ISSN: 2624-8212

    In high-energy particle collisions, charged track finding is a complex yet crucial endeavor. We propose a quantum algorithm, specifically quantum template matching, to enhance the accuracy and efficiency of track finding. Abstracting the Quantum Amplitude Amplification routine by introducing a data register, and utilizing a novel oracle construction, allows data to be parsed to the circuit and matched with a hit-pattern template, without prior knowledge of the input data. Furthermore, we address the challenges posed by missing hit data, demonstrating the ability of the quantum template matching algorithm to successfully identify charged-particle tracks from hit patterns with missing hits. Our findings therefore propose quantum methodologies tailored for real-world applications and underline the potential of quantum computing in collider physics.

  • Journal article
    Tumasyan A, Adam W, Andrejkovic JW, Bergauer T, Chatterjee S, Damanakis K, Dragicevic M, Escalante Del Valle A, Hussain PS, Jeitler M, Krammer N, Lechner L, Liko D, Mikulec I, Paulitsch P, Schieck J, Schöfbeck R, Schwarz D, Sonawane M, Templ S, Waltenberger W, Wulz C-E, Darwish MR, Janssen T, Kello T, Rejeb Sfar H, Van Mechelen P, Bols ES, DHondt J, De Moor A, Delcourt M, El Faham H, Lowette S, Morton A, Müller D, Sahasransu AR, Tavernier S, Van Doninck W, Van Putte S, Vannerom D, Clerbaux B, De Lentdecker G, Favart L, Hohov D, Jaramillo J, Lee K, Mahdavikhorrami M, Makarenko I, Malara A, Paredes S, Pétré L, Postiau N, Thomas L, Vanden Bemden M, Vander Velde C, Vanlaer P, Dobur D, Knolle J, Lambrecht L, Mestdach G, Rendón C, Samalan A, Skovpen K, Tytgat M, Van Den Bossche N, Vermassen B, Wezenbeek L, Benecke A, Bruno G, Bury F, Caputo C, David P, Delaere C, Donertas IS, Giammanco A, Jaffel K, Jain S, Lemaitre V, Mondal K, Taliercio A, Tran TT, Vischia P, Wertz S, Alves GA, Coelho E, Hensel C, Moraes A, Rebello Teles P, Aldá Júnior WL, Alves Gallo Pereira M, Barroso Ferreira Filho M, Brandao Malbouisson H, Carvalho W, Chinellato J, Da Costa EM, Da Silveira GG, De Jesus Damiao D, Dos Santos Sousa V, Fonseca De Souza S, Martins J, Mora Herrera C, Mota Amarilo K, Mundim L, Nogima H, Santoro A, Silva Do Amaral SM, Sznajder A, Thiel M, Vilela Pereira A, Bernardes CA, Calligaris L, Tomei TRFP, Gregores EM, Mercadante PG, Novaes SF, Padula SS, Aleksandrov A, Antchev G, Hadjiiska R, Iaydjiev P, Misheva M, Rodozov M, Shopova M, Sultanov G, Dimitrov A, Ivanov T, Litov L, Pavlov B, Petkov P, Petrov A, Shumka E, Thakur S, Cheng T, Javaid T, Mittal M, Yuan L, Ahmad M, Bauer G, Hu Z, Lezki S, Yi K, Chen GM, Chen HS, Chen M, Iemmi F, Jiang CH, Kapoor A, Liao H, Liu Z-A, Milosevic V, Monti F, Sharma R, Tao J, Thomas-Wilsker J, Wang J, Zhang H, Zhao J, Agapitos A, An Y, Ban Y, Levin A, Li C, Li Q, Lyu X, Mao Y, Qian SJ, Sun X, Wang D, Xiao J, Yang H, Lu M, You Z, Lu N, Gao X, Leggatet al., 2024,

    Measurement of simplified template cross sections of the Higgs boson produced in association with <mml:math xmlns:mml="http://www.w3.org/1998/Math/MathML" display="inline"><mml:mi>W</mml:mi></mml:math> or <mml:math xmlns:mml="http://www.w3.org/1998/Math/MathML" display="inline"><mml:mi>Z</mml:mi></mml:math> bosons in the <mml:math xmlns:mml="http://www.w3.org/1998/Math/MathML" display="inline"><mml:mi>H</mml:mi><mml:mo stretchy="false">→</mml:mo><mml:mi>b</mml:mi><mml:mover accent="true"><mml:mi>b</mml:mi><mml:mo stretchy="false">¯</mml:mo></mml:mover></mml:math> decay channel in proton-proton collisions at <mml:math xmlns:mml="http://www.w3.org/1998/Math/MathML" display="inline"><mml:msqrt><mml:mi>s</mml:mi></mml:msqrt><mml:mo>=</mml:mo><mml:mn>13</mml:mn><mml:mtext> </mml:mtext><mml:mtext> </mml:mtext><mml:mi>TeV</mml:mi></mml:math>

    , Physical Review D, Vol: 109, ISSN: 2470-0010

    <jats:p>Differential cross sections are measured for the standard model Higgs boson produced in association with vector bosons (<a:math xmlns:a="http://www.w3.org/1998/Math/MathML" display="inline"><a:mi>W</a:mi></a:math>, <c:math xmlns:c="http://www.w3.org/1998/Math/MathML" display="inline"><c:mi>Z</c:mi></c:math>) and decaying to a pair of <e:math xmlns:e="http://www.w3.org/1998/Math/MathML" display="inline"><e:mi>b</e:mi></e:math> quarks. Measurements are performed within the framework of the simplified template cross sections. The analysis relies on the leptonic decays of the <g:math xmlns:g="http://www.w3.org/1998/Math/MathML" display="inline"><g:mi>W</g:mi></g:math> and <i:math xmlns:i="http://www.w3.org/1998/Math/MathML" display="inline"><i:mi>Z</i:mi></i:math> bosons, resulting in final states with 0, 1, or 2 electrons or muons. The Higgs boson candidates are either reconstructed from pairs of resolved <k:math xmlns:k="http://www.w3.org/1998/Math/MathML" display="inline"><k:mi>b</k:mi></k:math>-tagged jets, or from single large-radius jets containing the particles arising from two <m:math xmlns:m="http://www.w3.org/1998/Math/MathML" display="inline"><m:mi>b</m:mi></m:math> quarks. Proton-proton collision data at <o:math xmlns:o="http://www.w3.org/1998/Math/MathML" display="inline"><o:msqrt><o:mi>s</o:mi></o:msqrt><o:mo>=</o:mo><o:mn>13</o:mn><o:mtext> </o:mtext><o:mtext> </o:mtext><o:mi>TeV</o:mi></o:math>, collected by the CMS experiment in 2016–2018 and corresponding to a total integrated luminosity of <q:math x

  • Journal article
    Tumasyan A, Adam W, Andrejkovic JW, Bergauer T, Chatterjee S, Damanakis K, Dragicevic M, Escalante Del Valle A, Hussain PS, Jeitler M, Krammer N, Lechner L, Liko D, Mikulec I, Paulitsch P, Pitters FM, Schieck J, Schöfbeck R, Schwarz D, Sonawane M, Templ S, Waltenberger W, Wulz C-E, Darwish MR, Janssen T, Kello T, Rejeb Sfar H, Van Mechelen P, Bols ES, DHondt J, De Moor A, Delcourt M, El Faham H, Lowette S, Moortgat S, Morton A, Müller D, Sahasransu AR, Tavernier S, Van Doninck W, Van Putte S, Vannerom D, Clerbaux B, De Lentdecker G, Favart L, Hohov D, Jaramillo J, Lee K, Mahdavikhorrami M, Makarenko I, Malara A, Paredes S, Pétré L, Postiau N, Thomas L, Vanden Bemden M, Vander Velde C, Vanlaer P, Dobur D, Knolle J, Lambrecht L, Mestdach G, Rendón C, Samalan A, Skovpen K, Tytgat M, Van Den Bossche N, Vermassen B, Wezenbeek L, Benecke A, Bruno G, Bury F, Caputo C, David P, Delaere C, Donertas IS, Giammanco A, Jaffel K, Jain S, Lemaitre V, Mondal K, Taliercio A, Tran TT, Vischia P, Wertz S, Alves GA, Coelho E, Hensel C, Moraes A, Rebello Teles P, Aldá Júnior WL, Alves Gallo Pereira M, Barroso Ferreira Filho M, Brandao Malbouisson H, Carvalho W, Chinellato J, Da Costa EM, Da Silveira GG, De Jesus Damiao D, Dos Santos Sousa V, Fonseca De Souza S, Martins J, Mora Herrera C, Mota Amarilo K, Mundim L, Nogima H, Santoro A, Silva Do Amaral SM, Sznajder A, Thiel M, Vilela Pereira A, Bernardes CA, Calligaris L, Fernandez Perez Tomei TR, Gregores EM, Mercadante PG, Novaes SF, Padula SS, Aleksandrov A, Antchev G, Hadjiiska R, Iaydjiev P, Misheva M, Rodozov M, Shopova M, Sultanov G, Dimitrov A, Ivanov T, Litov L, Pavlov B, Petkov P, Petrov A, Shumka E, Thakur S, Cheng T, Javaid T, Mittal M, Yuan L, Ahmad M, Bauer G, Hu Z, Lezki S, Yi K, Chen GM, Chen HS, Chen M, Iemmi F, Jiang CH, Kapoor A, Liao H, Liu Z-A, Milosevic V, Monti F, Sharma R, Tao J, Thomas-Wilsker J, Wang J, Zhang H, Zhao J, Agapitos A, An Y, Ban Y, Levin A, Li C, Li Q, Lyu X, Mao Y, Qian SJ, Sun X, Wang D, Xiao J, Yaet al., 2024,

    Search for a new resonance decaying into two spin-0 bosons in a final state with two photons and two bottom quarks in proton-proton collisions at $$ \sqrt{s} $$ = 13 TeV

    , Journal of High Energy Physics, Vol: 2024

    <jats:title>A<jats:sc>bstract</jats:sc> </jats:title><jats:p>A search for a new boson X is presented using CERN LHC proton-proton collision data collected by the CMS experiment at <jats:inline-formula><jats:alternatives><jats:tex-math>$$ \sqrt{s} $$</jats:tex-math><mml:math xmlns:mml="http://www.w3.org/1998/Math/MathML"> <mml:msqrt> <mml:mi>s</mml:mi> </mml:msqrt> </mml:math></jats:alternatives></jats:inline-formula> = 13 TeV in 2016–2018, and corresponding to an integrated luminosity of 138 fb<jats:sup><jats:italic>−</jats:italic>1</jats:sup>. The resonance X decays into either a pair of Higgs bosons HH of mass 125 GeV or an H and a new spin-0 boson Y. One H subsequently decays to a pair of photons, and the second H or Y, to a pair of bottom quarks. The explored mass ranges of X are 260–1000 GeV and 300–1000 GeV, for decays to HH and to HY, respectively, with the Y mass range being 90–800 GeV. For a spin-0 X hypothesis, the 95% confidence level upper limit on the product of its production cross section and decay branching fraction is observed to be within 0.90–0.04 fb, depending on the masses of X and Y. The largest deviation from the background-only hypothesis with a local (global) significance of 3.8 (below 2.8) standard deviations is observed for X and Y masses of 650 and 90 GeV, respectively. The limits are interpreted using several models of new physics.</jats:p>

  • Journal article
    Hayrapetyan A, Tumasyan A, Adam W, Andrejkovic JW, Bergauer T, Chatterjee S, Damanakis K, Dragicevic M, Escalante Del Valle A, Hussain PS, Jeitler M, Krammer N, Liko D, Mikulec I, Schieck J, Schöfbeck R, Schwarz D, Sonawane M, Templ S, Waltenberger W, Wulz C-E, Darwish MR, Janssen T, Van Mechelen P, Bols ES, DHondt J, Dansana S, De Moor A, Delcourt M, El Faham H, Lowette S, Makarenko I, Müller D, Sahasransu AR, Tavernier S, Tytgat M, Van Putte S, Vannerom D, Clerbaux B, De Lentdecker G, Favart L, Hohov D, Jaramillo J, Khalilzadeh A, Lee K, Mahdavikhorrami M, Malara A, Paredes S, Pétré L, Postiau N, Thomas L, Vanden Bemden M, Vander Velde C, Vanlaer P, De Coen M, Dobur D, Hong Y, Knolle J, Lambrecht L, Mestdach G, Rendón C, Samalan A, Skovpen K, Van Den Bossche N, Wezenbeek L, Benecke A, Bruno G, Caputo C, Delaere C, Donertas IS, Giammanco A, Jaffel K, Jain S, Lemaitre V, Lidrych J, Mastrapasqua P, Mondal K, Tran TT, Wertz S, Alves GA, Coelho E, Hensel C, Menezes De Oliveira T, Moraes A, Rebello Teles P, Soeiro M, Aldá Júnior WL, Alves Gallo Pereira M, Barroso Ferreira Filho M, Brandao Malbouisson H, Carvalho W, Chinellato J, Da Costa EM, Da Silveira GG, De Jesus Damiao D, Fonseca De Souza S, Martins J, Mora Herrera C, Mota Amarilo K, Mundim L, Nogima H, Santoro A, Silva Do Amaral SM, Sznajder A, Thiel M, Vilela Pereira A, Bernardes CA, Calligaris L, Fernandez Perez Tomei TR, Gregores EM, Mercadante PG, Novaes SF, Orzari B, Padula SS, Aleksandrov A, Antchev G, Hadjiiska R, Iaydjiev P, Misheva M, Shopova M, Sultanov G, Dimitrov A, Ivanov T, Litov L, Pavlov B, Petkov P, Petrov A, Shumka E, Keshri S, Thakur S, Cheng T, Guo Q, Javaid T, Mittal M, Yuan L, Bauer G, Hu Z, Yi K, Chen GM, Chen HS, Chen M, Iemmi F, Jiang CH, Kapoor A, Liao H, Liu Z-A, Monti F, Shahzad MA, Sharma R, Song JN, Tao J, Wang C, Wang J, Wang Z, Zhang H, Agapitos A, Ban Y, Levin A, Li C, Li Q, Lyu X, Mao Y, Qian SJ, Sun X, Wang D, Yang H, Zhou C, You Z, Lu N, Gao X, Leggat D, Okawa H, Zhang Y, Lin Zet al., 2024,

    Measurement of the primary Lund jet plane density in proton-proton collisions at $$ \sqrt{\textrm{s}} $$ = 13 TeV

    , Journal of High Energy Physics, Vol: 2024

    <jats:title>A<jats:sc>bstract</jats:sc> </jats:title><jats:p>A measurement is presented of the primary Lund jet plane (LJP) density in inclusive jet production in proton-proton collisions. The analysis uses 138 fb<jats:sup><jats:italic>−</jats:italic>1</jats:sup> of data collected by the CMS experiment at <jats:inline-formula><jats:alternatives><jats:tex-math>$$ \sqrt{s} $$</jats:tex-math><mml:math xmlns:mml="http://www.w3.org/1998/Math/MathML"> <mml:msqrt> <mml:mi>s</mml:mi> </mml:msqrt> </mml:math></jats:alternatives></jats:inline-formula> = 13 TeV. The LJP, a representation of the phase space of emissions inside jets, is constructed using iterative jet declustering. The transverse momentum <jats:italic>k</jats:italic><jats:sub>T</jats:sub> and the splitting angle ∆<jats:italic>R</jats:italic> of an emission relative to its emitter are measured at each step of the jet declustering process. The average density of emissions as function of ln(<jats:italic>k</jats:italic><jats:sub>T</jats:sub><jats:italic>/</jats:italic>GeV) and ln(<jats:italic>R/</jats:italic>∆<jats:italic>R</jats:italic>) is measured for jets with distance parameters <jats:italic>R</jats:italic> = 0<jats:italic>.</jats:italic>4 or 0.8, transverse momentum <jats:italic>p</jats:italic><jats:sub>T</jats:sub><jats:italic>&gt;</jats:italic> 700 GeV, and rapidity |<jats:italic>y</jats:italic>| <jats:italic>&lt;</jats:italic> 1<jats:italic>.</jats:italic>7. The jet substructure is measured using the charged-particle tracks of the jet. The measured distributions, unfolded to the level

  • Journal article
    Hayrapetyan A, Tumasyan A, Adam W, Andrejkovic JW, Bergauer T, Chatterjee S, Damanakis K, Dragicevic M, Escalante Del Valle A, Hussain PS, Jeitler M, Krammer N, Liko D, Mikulec I, Schieck J, Schöfbeck R, Schwarz D, Sonawane M, Templ S, Waltenberger W, Wulz C-E, Darwish MR, Janssen T, Van Mechelen P, Bols ES, DHondt J, Dansana S, De Moor A, Delcourt M, El Faham H, Lowette S, Makarenko I, Morton A, Müller D, Sahasransu AR, Tavernier S, Tytgat M, Van Putte S, Vannerom D, Clerbaux B, De Lentdecker G, Favart L, Hohov D, Jaramillo J, Khalilzadeh A, Lee K, Mahdavikhorrami M, Malara A, Paredes S, Pétré L, Postiau N, Thomas L, Vanden Bemden M, Vander Velde C, Vanlaer P, De Coen M, Dobur D, Hong Y, Knolle J, Lambrecht L, Mestdach G, Rendón C, Samalan A, Skovpen K, Van Den Bossche N, Wezenbeek L, Benecke A, Bruno G, Caputo C, Delaere C, Donertas IS, Giammanco A, Jaffel K, Jain S, Lemaitre V, Lidrych J, Mastrapasqua P, Mondal K, Tran TT, Wertz S, Alves GA, Coelho E, Hensel C, Menezes De Oliveira T, Moraes A, Rebello Teles P, Soeiro M, Aldá Júnior WL, Alves Gallo Pereira M, Barroso Ferreira Filho M, Brandao Malbouisson H, Carvalho W, Chinellato J, Da Costa EM, Da Silveira GG, De Jesus Damiao D, Fonseca De Souza S, Martins J, Mora Herrera C, Mota Amarilo K, Mundim L, Nogima H, Santoro A, Silva Do Amaral SM, Sznajder A, Thiel M, Vilela Pereira A, Bernardes CA, Calligaris L, Fernandez Perez Tomei TR, Gregores EM, Mercadante PG, Novaes SF, Orzari B, Padula SS, Aleksandrov A, Antchev G, Hadjiiska R, Iaydjiev P, Misheva M, Shopova M, Sultanov G, Dimitrov A, Ivanov T, Litov L, Pavlov B, Petkov P, Petrov A, Shumka E, Keshri S, Thakur S, Cheng T, Guo Q, Javaid T, Mittal M, Yuan L, Bauer G, Hu Z, Yi K, Chen GM, Chen HS, Chen M, Iemmi F, Jiang CH, Kapoor A, Liao H, Liu Z-A, Monti F, Sharma R, Song JN, Tao J, Wang J, Zhang H, Agapitos A, Ban Y, Levin A, Li C, Li Q, Lyu X, Mao Y, Qian SJ, Sun X, Wang D, Yang H, Zhou C, You Z, Lu N, Gao X, Leggat D, Okawa H, Zhang Y, Lin Z, Lu C, Xiao M, Aviet al., 2024,

    Inclusive and differential cross section measurements of $$ \textrm{t}\overline{\textrm{t}}\textrm{b}\overline{\textrm{b}} $$ production in the lepton+jets channel at $$ \sqrt{s} $$ = 13 TeV

    , Journal of High Energy Physics, Vol: 2024

    <jats:title>A<jats:sc>bstract</jats:sc> </jats:title><jats:p>Measurements of inclusive and normalized differential cross sections of the associated production of top quark-antiquark and bottom quark-antiquark pairs, <jats:inline-formula><jats:alternatives><jats:tex-math>$$ \textrm{t}\overline{\textrm{t}}\textrm{b}\overline{\textrm{b}} $$</jats:tex-math><mml:math xmlns:mml="http://www.w3.org/1998/Math/MathML"> <mml:mi>t</mml:mi> <mml:mover> <mml:mi>t</mml:mi> <mml:mo>¯</mml:mo> </mml:mover> <mml:mi>b</mml:mi> <mml:mover> <mml:mi>b</mml:mi> <mml:mo>¯</mml:mo> </mml:mover> </mml:math></jats:alternatives></jats:inline-formula>, are presented. The results are based on data from proton-proton collisions collected by the CMS detector at a centre-of-mass energy of 13 TeV, corresponding to an integrated luminosity of 138 fb<jats:sup><jats:italic>−</jats:italic>1</jats:sup>. The cross sections are measured in the lepton+jets decay channel of the top quark pair, using events containing exactly one isolated electron or muon and at least five jets. Measurements are made in four fiducial phase space regions, targeting different aspects of the <jats:inline-formula><jats:alternatives><jats:tex-math>$$ \textrm{t}\overline{\textrm{t}}\textrm{b}\overline{\textrm{b}} $$</jats:tex-math><mml:math xmlns:mml="http://www.w3.org/1998/Math/MathML"> <mml:mi>t</mml:mi> <mml:mover> <mml:mi>t</mml:mi> <mml:mo>¯</mm

  • Journal article
    Hayrapetyan A, Tumasyan A, Adam W, Andrejkovic JW, Bergauer T, Chatterjee S, Damanakis K, Dragicevic M, Hussain PS, Jeitler M, Krammer N, Li A, Liko D, Mikulec I, Schieck J, Schöfbeck R, Schwarz D, Sonawane M, Templ S, Waltenberger W, Wulz C-E, Darwish MR, Janssen T, Van Mechelen P, Bols ES, DHondt J, Dansana S, De Moor A, Delcourt M, Lowette S, Makarenko I, Müller D, Tavernier S, Tytgat M, Van Onsem GP, Van Putte S, Vannerom D, Clerbaux B, Das AK, De Lentdecker G, Evard H, Favart L, Gianneios P, Hohov D, Jaramillo J, Khalilzadeh A, Khan FA, Lee K, Mahdavikhorrami M, Malara A, Paredes S, Thomas L, Vanden Bemden M, Vander Velde C, Vanlaer P, De Coen M, Dobur D, Hong Y, Knolle J, Lambrecht L, Mestdach G, Mota Amarilo K, Rendón C, Samalan A, Skovpen K, Van Den Bossche N, van der Linden J, Wezenbeek L, Benecke A, Bethani A, Bruno G, Caputo C, Delaere C, Donertas IS, Giammanco A, Jain S, Lemaitre V, Lidrych J, Mastrapasqua P, Tran TT, Wertz S, Alves GA, Coelho E, Hensel C, Menezes De Oliveira T, Moraes A, Rebello Teles P, Soeiro M, Aldá Júnior WL, Alves Gallo Pereira M, Barroso Ferreira Filho M, Brandao Malbouisson H, Carvalho W, Chinellato J, Da Costa EM, Da Silveira GG, De Jesus Damiao D, Fonseca De Souza S, Gomes De Souza R, Martins J, Mora Herrera C, Mundim L, Nogima H, Pinheiro JP, Santoro A, Sznajder A, Thiel M, Vilela Pereira A, Bernardes CA, Calligaris L, Fernandez Perez Tomei TR, Gregores EM, Mercadante PG, Novaes SF, Orzari B, Padula SS, Aleksandrov A, Antchev G, Hadjiiska R, Iaydjiev P, Misheva M, Shopova M, Sultanov G, Dimitrov A, Litov L, Pavlov B, Petkov P, Petrov A, Shumka E, Keshri S, Thakur S, Cheng T, Javaid T, Yuan L, Hu Z, Liu J, Yi K, Chen GM, Chen HS, Chen M, Iemmi F, Jiang CH, Kapoor A, Liao H, Liu Z-A, Sharma R, Song JN, Tao J, Wang C, Wang J, Wang Z, Zhang H, Agapitos A, Ban Y, Levin A, Li C, Li Q, Mao Y, Qian SJ, Sun X, Wang D, Yang H, Zhang L, Zhou C, You Z, Jaffel K, Lu N, Bauer G, Gao X, Lin Z, Lu C, Xiao M, Avila C, Barbosa Trujillo DA, Cabet al., 2024,

    Search for long-lived particles decaying to final states with a pair of muons in proton-proton collisions at $$ \sqrt{s} $$ = 13.6 TeV

    , Journal of High Energy Physics, Vol: 2024

    <jats:title>A<jats:sc>bstract</jats:sc> </jats:title><jats:p>An inclusive search for long-lived exotic particles (LLPs) decaying to final states with a pair of muons is presented. The search uses data corresponding to an integrated luminosity of 36.6 fb<jats:sup><jats:italic>−</jats:italic>1</jats:sup> collected by the CMS experiment from the proton-proton collisions at <jats:inline-formula><jats:alternatives><jats:tex-math>$$ \sqrt{s} $$</jats:tex-math><mml:math xmlns:mml="http://www.w3.org/1998/Math/MathML"> <mml:msqrt> <mml:mi>s</mml:mi> </mml:msqrt> </mml:math></jats:alternatives></jats:inline-formula> = 13.6 TeV in 2022, the first year of Run 3 of the CERN LHC. The experimental signature is a pair of oppositely charged muons originating from a secondary vertex spatially separated from the proton-proton interaction point by distances ranging from several hundred <jats:italic>μ</jats:italic>m to several meters. The sensitivity of the search benefits from new triggers for displaced dimuons developed for Run 3. The results are interpreted in the framework of the hidden Abelian Higgs model, in which the Higgs boson decays to a pair of long-lived dark photons, and of an <jats:italic>R</jats:italic>-parity violating supersymmetry model, in which long-lived neutralinos decay to a pair of muons and a neutrino. The limits set on these models are the most stringent to date in wide regions of lifetimes for LLPs with masses larger than 10 GeV.</jats:p>

  • Journal article
    Hayrapetyan A, Tumasyan A, Adam W, Andrejkovic JW, Bergauer T, Chatterjee S, Damanakis K, Dragicevic M, Escalante Del Valle A, Hussain PS, Jeitler M, Krammer N, Liko D, Mikulec I, Schieck J, Schöfbeck R, Schwarz D, Sonawane M, Templ S, Waltenberger W, Wulz C-E, Darwish MR, Janssen T, Van Mechelen P, Bols ES, DHondt J, Dansana S, De Moor A, Delcourt M, El Faham H, Lowette S, Makarenko I, Müller D, Sahasransu AR, Tavernier S, Tytgat M, Van Putte S, Vannerom D, Clerbaux B, De Lentdecker G, Favart L, Hohov D, Jaramillo J, Khalilzadeh A, Lee K, Mahdavikhorrami M, Malara A, Paredes S, Pétré L, Postiau N, Thomas L, Vanden Bemden M, Vander Velde C, Vanlaer P, De Coen M, Dobur D, Hong Y, Knolle J, Lambrecht L, Mestdach G, Rendón C, Samalan A, Skovpen K, Van Den Bossche N, Wezenbeek L, Benecke A, Bruno G, Caputo C, Delaere C, Donertas IS, Giammanco A, Jaffel K, Jain S, Lemaitre V, Lidrych J, Mastrapasqua P, Mondal K, Tran TT, Wertz S, Alves GA, Coelho E, Hensel C, Menezes De Oliveira T, Moraes A, Rebello Teles P, Soeiro M, Aldá Júnior WL, Alves Gallo Pereira M, Barroso Ferreira Filho M, Brandao Malbouisson H, Carvalho W, Chinellato J, Da Costa EM, Da Silveira GG, De Jesus Damiao D, Fonseca De Souza S, Martins J, Mora Herrera C, Mota Amarilo K, Mundim L, Nogima H, Santoro A, Silva Do Amaral SM, Sznajder A, Thiel M, Vilela Pereira A, Bernardes CA, Calligaris L, Fernandez Perez Tomei TR, Gregores EM, Mercadante PG, Novaes SF, Orzari B, Padula SS, Aleksandrov A, Antchev G, Hadjiiska R, Iaydjiev P, Misheva M, Shopova M, Sultanov G, Dimitrov A, Ivanov T, Litov L, Pavlov B, Petkov P, Petrov A, Shumka E, Keshri S, Thakur S, Cheng T, Guo Q, Javaid T, Mittal M, Yuan L, Bauer G, Hu Z, Yi K, Chen GM, Chen HS, Chen M, Iemmi F, Jiang CH, Kapoor A, Liao H, Liu Z-A, Monti F, Sharma R, Song JN, Tao J, Wang C, Wang J, Wang Z, Zhang H, Agapitos A, Ban Y, Levin A, Li C, Li Q, Lyu X, Mao Y, Qian SJ, Sun X, Wang D, Yang H, Zhou C, You Z, Lu N, Leggat D, Okawa H, Zhang Y, Lin Z, Lu C, Xiao M, Avilet al., 2024,

    Search for W′ bosons decaying to a top and a bottom quark in leptonic final states in proton-proton collisions at $$ \sqrt{s} $$ = 13 TeV

    , Journal of High Energy Physics, Vol: 2024

    <jats:title>A<jats:sc>bstract</jats:sc> </jats:title><jats:p>A search for W′ bosons decaying to a top and a bottom quark in final states including an electron or a muon is performed with the CMS detector at the LHC. The analyzed data correspond to an integrated luminosity of 138 fb<jats:sup><jats:italic>−</jats:italic>1</jats:sup> of proton-proton collisions at a center-of-mass energy of 13 TeV. Good agreement with the standard model expectation is observed and no evidence for the existence of the W′ boson is found over the mass range examined. The largest observed deviation from the standard model expectation is found for a W′ boson mass (<jats:inline-formula><jats:alternatives><jats:tex-math>$$ {m}_{{\textrm{W}}^{\prime }} $$</jats:tex-math><mml:math xmlns:mml="http://www.w3.org/1998/Math/MathML"> <mml:msub> <mml:mi>m</mml:mi> <mml:msup> <mml:mi>W</mml:mi> <mml:mo>′</mml:mo> </mml:msup> </mml:msub> </mml:math></jats:alternatives></jats:inline-formula>) hypothesis of 3.8 TeV with a relative decay width of 1%, with a local (global) significance of 2.6 (2.0) standard deviations. Upper limits on the production cross sections of W′ bosons decaying to a top and a bottom quark are set. Left- and right-handed W′ bosons with <jats:inline-formula><jats:alternatives><jats:tex-math>$$ {m}_{{\textrm{W}}^{\prime }} $$</jats:tex-math><mml:math xmlns:mml="http://www.w3.org/1998/Math/MathML"> <mml:msub> <mml:mi>m</mml:mi> <mml:msup> <mml:mi>W</mml:mi>

  • Journal article
    Aaij R, Abdelmotteleb ASW, Abellan Beteta C, Abudinén F, Achard C, Ackernley T, Adeva B, Adinolfi M, Adlarson P, Afsharnia H, Agapopoulou C, Aidala CA, Ajaltouni Z, Akar S, Akiba K, Albicocco P, Albrecht J, Alessio F, Alexander M, Alfonso Albero A, Aliouche Z, Alvarez Cartelle P, Amalric R, Amato S, Amey JL, Amhis Y, An L, Anderlini L, Andersson M, Andreani A, Andreianov A, Andreotti M, Andreou D, Andrews JE, Anelli M, Anjam A, Ao D, Archilli F, Arnaud K, Artamonov A, Artuso M, Ashby J, Aslanides E, Atzeni M, Audurier B, Ayres Rocha D, Bachiller Perea IB, Bachmann S, Bachmayer M, Back JJ, Bailly-reyre A, Baladron Rodriguez P, Balagura V, Balbi G, Baldini W, Balla A, Baltazar M, Band H, Baptista de Souza Leite J, Barbetti M, Barclay P, Barlow RJ, Barsuk S, Barter W, Bartolini M, Baryshnikov F, Basels JM, Bassi G, Baszczyk M, Batista Lopes JC, Batsukh B, Battig A, Bay A, Beck A, Becker M, Bedeschi F, Bediaga IB, Beigbeder-Beau C, Beiter A, Belin S, Bellee V, Belous K, Belov I, Belyaev I, Benane G, Bencivenni G, Benettoni M, Ben-Haim E, Berezhnoy A, Bernard F, Bernet R, Bernet Andres S, Berninghoff D, Bernstein HC, Bertella C, Bertolin A, Betancourt C, Betti F, Bezshyiko I, Bezshyyko O, Bhasin S, Bhom J, Bian L, Bieker MS, Biesuz NV, Billoir P, Biolchini A, Birch M, Bishop FCR, Bitadze A, Bizzeti A, Blago MP, Blake T, Blanc F, Blank JE, Blusk S, Bobulska D, Bochin B, Boelhauve JA, Boente Garcia O, Boettcher T, Bogdanova G, Boiaryntseva I, Boldyrev A, Bolognani CS, Bolzonella R, Bondar N, Booth MJ, Borgato F, Borghi S, Borsato M, Borsuk JT, Boterenbrood H, Bouchiba SA, Bowcock TJV, Boyaryntsev A, Boyer A, Bozzi C, Bradley MJ, Braun S, Brea Rodriguez A, Bregliozzi G, Bridges K, Briere MMJ, Brock M, Brodski M, Brodzicka J, Brossa Gonzalo A, Brown C, Brown J, Brummitt AJ, Brundu D, Brunetti L, Buda L, Buonaura A, Buonincontri L, Burke AT, Burmistrov L, Burr C, Bursche A, Butkevich A, Butter JS, Buytaert J, Byczynski W, Cachemiche JP, Cadeddu S, Cai H, Caillet A, Calabreseet al., 2024,

    The LHCb Upgrade I

    , Journal of Instrumentation, Vol: 19, Pages: P05065-P05065

    <jats:title>Abstract</jats:title> <jats:p>The LHCb upgrade represents a major change of the experiment. The detectors have been almost completely renewed to allow running at an instantaneous luminosity five times larger than that of the previous running periods. Readout of all detectors into an all-software trigger is central to the new design, facilitating the reconstruction of events at the maximum LHC interaction rate, and their selection in real time. The experiment's tracking system has been completely upgraded with a new pixel vertex detector, a silicon tracker upstream of the dipole magnet and three scintillating fibre tracking stations downstream of the magnet. The whole photon detection system of the RICH detectors has been renewed and the readout electronics of the calorimeter and muon systems have been fully overhauled. The first stage of the all-software trigger is implemented on a GPU farm. The output of the trigger provides a combination of totally reconstructed physics objects, such as tracks and vertices, ready for final analysis, and of entire events which need further offline reprocessing. This scheme required a complete revision of the computing model and rewriting of the experiment's software.</jats:p>

  • Journal article
    Tumasyan A, Adam W, Andrejkovic JW, Bergauer T, Chatterjee S, Damanakis K, Dragicevic M, Del Valle AE, Hussain PS, Jeitler M, Krammer N, Lechner L, Liko D, Mikulec I, Paulitsch P, Pitters FM, Schieck J, Schöfbeck R, Schwarz D, Templ S, Waltenberger W, Wulz CE, Darwish MR, Janssen T, Kello T, Rejeb Sfar H, Van Mechelen P, Bols ES, DHondt J, De Moor A, Delcourt M, El Faham H, Lowette S, Moortgat S, Morton A, Müller D, Sahasransu AR, Tavernier S, Van Doninck W, Vannerom D, Clerbaux B, De Lentdecker G, Favart L, Jaramillo J, Lee K, Mahdavikhorrami M, Makarenko I, Malara A, Paredes S, Pétré L, Postiau N, Starling E, Thomas L, Bemden MV, Velde CV, Vanlaer P, Dobur D, Knolle J, Lambrecht L, Mestdach G, Niedziela M, Rendón C, Roskas C, Samalan A, Skovpen K, Tytgat M, Van Den Bossche N, Vermassen B, Wezenbeek L, Benecke A, Bethani A, Bruno G, Bury F, Caputo C, David P, Delaere C, Donertas IS, Giammanco A, Jaffel K, Jain S, Lemaitre V, Mondal K, Prisciandaro J, Taliercio A, Tran TT, Vischia P, Wertz S, Alves GA, Coelho E, Hensel C, Moraes A, Teles PR, Júnior WLA, Pereira MAG, Filho MBF, Malbouisson HB, Carvalho W, Chinellato J, Da Costa EM, Da Silveira GGet al., 2024,

    Development of the CMS detector for the CERN LHC Run 3

    , Journal of Instrumentation, Vol: 19

    Since the initial data taking of the CERN LHC, the CMS experiment has undergone substantial upgrades and improvements. This paper discusses the CMS detector as it is configured for the third data-taking period of the CERN LHC, Run 3, which started in 2022. The entire silicon pixel tracking detector was replaced. A new powering system for the superconducting solenoid was installed. The electronics of the hadron calorimeter was upgraded. All the muon electronic systems were upgraded, and new muon detector stations were added, including a gas electron multiplier detector. The precision proton spectrometer was upgraded. The dedicated luminosity detectors and the beam loss monitor were refurbished. Substantial improvements to the trigger, data acquisition, software, and computing systems were also implemented, including a new hybrid CPU/GPU farm for the high-level trigger.

  • Journal article
    Acampora G, Ahdida C, Albanese R, Albrecht C, Alexandrov A, Andreini M, Anokhina A, Asada T, Auberson N, Baldanza C, Battilana C, Bay A, Bernard F, Bestmann P, Betancourt C, Blanco A, Bogomilov M, Bonacorsi D, Bonivento WM, Bordalo P, Boyarsky A, Breglio G, Buonaura A, Buontempo S, Cafaro VD, Callignon M, Camporesi T, Campanelli M, Canale V, Cassese P, Castro A, Centanni D, Godoy SAC, Cerutti F, Charitonidis N, Chernyavskiy M, Choi KY, Cholak S, Cicero V, Cindolo F, Climescu M, Conaboy AP, Congedo L, Crespo O, Cristinziani M, Crupano A, Dallavalle GM, D'Ambrosio N, De Carvalho Saraiva J, De Bryas Dexmiers D'Archiac PT, De Lellis G, de Magistris M, De Roeck A, De Rújula A, De Serio M, De Simone D, Dedenko L, Di Crescenzo A, Di Giulio L, Dolmatov A, Dreyfus L, Durhan O, Fabbri F, Fasanella D, Fedotovs F, Ferrillo M, Ferro-Luzzi M, Fienga F, Fini RA, Fiorillo A, Fonte P, Fresa R, Frei R, Funk W, Galati G, Galkin V, Walls FG, Alia RG, Gerbershagen A, Giordano V, Golovatiuk A, Golutvin A, Gorshenkov M, Graverini E, Grenard JL, Guler AM, Gulyaeva V, Haefeli GJ, Helo JC, van Herwijnen E, Iengo P, Ilieva S, Infantino A, Irace A, Iuliano A, Jacobsson R, Jacquart M, Kamiscioglu C, Khalikov E, Kim SHet al., 2024,

    SND@LHC: the scattering and neutrino detector at the LHC

    , Journal of Instrumentation, Vol: 19

    SND@LHC is a compact and stand-alone experiment designed to perform measurements with neutrinos produced at the LHC in the pseudo-rapidity region of 7.2 < η < 8.4. The experiment is located 480 m downstream of the ATLAS interaction point, in the TI18 tunnel. The detector is composed of a hybrid system based on an 830 kg target made of tungsten plates, interleaved with emulsion and electronic trackers, also acting as an electromagnetic calorimeter, and followed by a hadronic calorimeter and a muon identification system. The detector is able to distinguish interactions of all three neutrino flavours, which allows probing the physics of heavy flavour production at the LHC in the very forward region. This region is of particular interest for future circular colliders and for very high energy astrophysical neutrino experiments. The detector is also able to search for the scattering of Feebly Interacting Particles. In its first phase, the detector is ready to operate throughout LHC Run 3 and collect a total of 250 fb−1.

  • Journal article
    Hayrapetyan A, Tumasyan A, Adam W, Andrejkovic JW, Bergauer T, Chatterjee S, Damanakis K, Dragicevic M, Escalante Del Valle A, Hussain PS, Jeitler M, Krammer N, Liko D, Mikulec I, Schieck J, Schöfbeck R, Schwarz D, Sonawane M, Templ S, Waltenberger W, Wulz CE, Darwish MR, Janssen T, Van Mechelen P, Bols ES, D'Hondt J, Dansana S, De Moor A, Delcourt M, El Faham H, Lowette S, Makarenko I, Müller D, Sahasransu AR, Tavernier S, Tytgat M, Van Putte S, Vannerom D, Clerbaux B, De Lentdecker G, Favart L, Hohov D, Jaramillo J, Khalilzadeh A, Lee K, Mahdavikhorrami M, Malara A, Paredes S, Pétré L, Postiau N, Thomas L, Vanden Bemden M, Vander Velde C, Vanlaer P, De Coen M, Dobur D, Hong Y, Knolle J, Lambrecht L, Mestdach G, Rendón C, Samalan A, Skovpen K, Van Den Bossche N, Wezenbeek L, Benecke A, Bruno G, Caputo C, Delaere C, Donertas IS, Giammanco A, Jaffel K, Jain S, Lemaitre V, Lidrych J, Mastrapasqua P, Mondal K, Tran TT, Wertz S, Alves GA, Coelho E, Hensel C, Menezes De Oliveira T, Moraes A, Rebello Teles P, Soeiro M, Aldá Júnior WL, Alves Gallo Pereira M, Barroso Ferreira Filho M, Brandao Malbouisson H, Carvalho W, Chinellato J, Da Costa EM, Da Silveira GG, De Jesus Damiao D, Fonseca De Souza S, Martins J, Mora Herrera C, Mota Amarilo K, Mundim Let al., 2024,

    Search for an exotic decay of the Higgs boson into a Z boson and a pseudoscalar particle in proton-proton collisions at s=13TeV

    , Physics Letters, Section B: Nuclear, Elementary Particle and High-Energy Physics, Vol: 852, ISSN: 0370-2693

    A search for an exotic decay of the Higgs boson to a Z boson and a light pseudoscalar particle (a), decaying to a pair of leptons and a pair of photons, respectively, is presented. The search is based on proton-proton collision data at a center-of-mass energy of s=13TeV, collected with the CMS detector at the LHC and corresponding to an integrated luminosity of 138fb−1. The analysis probes pseudoscalar masses ma between 1 and 30 GeV, leading to two pairs of well-isolated leptons and photons. Upper limits at 95% confidence level are set on the Higgs boson production cross section times its branching fraction to two leptons and two photons. The observed (expected) limits are in the range of 1.1–17.8 (1.7–17.9) fb within the probed ma interval. An excess of data above the expected standard model background with a local (global) significance of 2.6 (1.3) standard deviations is observed for a mass hypothesis of ma=3GeV. Limits on models involving axion-like particles, formulated as an effective field theory, are also reported.

  • Journal article
    Abe K, Bronner C, Hayato Y, Hiraide K, Hosokawa K, Ieki K, Ikeda M, Imaizumi S, Iyogi K, Kameda J, Kanemura Y, Kaneshima R, Kashiwagi Y, Kataoka Y, Kato Y, Kishimoto Y, Miki S, Mine S, Miura M, Mochizuki T, Moriyama S, Nagao Y, Nakahata M, Nakano Y, Nakayama S, Noguchi Y, Okada T, Okamoto K, Orii A, Sato K, Sekiya H, Shiba H, Shimizu K, Shiozawa M, Sonoda Y, Suzuki Y, Takeda A, Takemoto Y, Takenaka A, Tanaka H, Watanabe S, Yano T, Han S, Kajita T, Okumura K, Tashiro T, Tomiya T, Wang R, Wang X, Yoshida S, Bravo-Berguño D, Fernandez P, Labarga L, Ospina N, Zaldivar B, Pointon BW, Blaszczyk FDM, Kachulis C, Kearns E, Raaf JL, Stone JL, Wan L, Wester T, Bian J, Griskevich NJ, Kropp WR, Locke S, Smy MB, Sobel HW, Takhistov V, Weatherly P, Yankelevich A, Ganezer KS, Hill J, Jang MC, Kim JY, Lee S, Lim IT, Moon DH, Park RG, Bodur B, Scholberg K, Walter CW, Beauchêne A, Bernard L, Coffani A, Drapier O, El Hedri S, Giampaolo A, Imber J, Mueller TA, Paganini P, Rogly R, Quilain B, Santos A, Nakamura T, Jang JS, Machado LN, Learned JG, Matsuno Set al., 2024,

    Solar neutrino measurements using the full data period of Super-Kamiokande-IV

    , Physical Review D, Vol: 109, ISSN: 2470-0010

    An analysis of solar neutrino data from the fourth phase of Super-Kamiokande (SK-IV) from October 2008 to May 2018 is performed and the results are presented. The observation time of the dataset of SK-IV corresponds to 2970 days and the total live time for all four phases is 5805 days. For more precise solar neutrino measurements, several improvements are applied in this analysis: lowering the data acquisition threshold in May 2015, further reduction of the spallation background using neutron clustering events, precise energy reconstruction considering the time variation of the PMT gain. The observed number of solar neutrino events in 3.49-19.49 MeV electron kinetic energy region during SK-IV is 65,443-388+390(stat.)±925(syst.) events. Corresponding B8 solar neutrino flux is (2.314±0.014(stat.)±0.040(syst.))×106 cm-2 s-1, assuming a pure electron-neutrino flavor component without neutrino oscillations. The flux combined with all SK phases up to SK-IV is (2.336±0.011(stat.)±0.043(syst.))×106 cm-2 s-1. Based on the neutrino oscillation analysis from all solar experiments, including the SK 5805 days dataset, the best-fit neutrino oscillation parameters are sin2θ12,solar=0.306±0.013 and Δm21,solar2=(6.10-0.81+0.95)×10-5 eV2, with a deviation of about 1.5σ from the Δm212 parameter obtained by KamLAND. The best-fit neutrino oscillation parameters obtained from all solar experiments and KamLAND are sin2θ12,global=0.307±0.012 and Δm21,global2=(7.50-0.18+0.19)×10-5 eV2.

  • Journal article
    Pěč V, Kudryavtsev VA, Araújo HM, Sumner TJet al., 2024,

    Muon-induced background in a next-generation dark matter experiment based on liquid xenon

    , European Physical Journal C, Vol: 84, ISSN: 1434-6044

    Muon-induced neutrons can lead to potentially irreducible backgrounds in rare event search experiments. We have investigated the implication of laboratory depth on the muon-induced background in a future dark matter experiment capable of reaching the so-called neutrino floor. Our simulation study focused on a xenon-based detector with 70 tonnes of active mass, surrounded by additional veto systems plus a water shield. Two locations at the Boulby Underground Laboratory (UK) were analysed as examples: an experimental cavern in salt at a depth of 2850 m w. e. (similar to the location of the existing laboratory), and a deeper laboratory located in polyhalite rock at a depth of 3575 m w. e. Our results show that no cosmogenic background events are likely to survive standard analysis cuts for 10 years of operation at either location. The largest background component we identified comes from beta-delayed neutron emission from 17N which is produced from 19F in the fluoropolymer components of the experiment. Our results confirm that a dark matter search with sensitivity to the neutrino floor is viable (from the point of view of cosmogenic backgrounds) in underground laboratories at these levels of rock overburden. This work was conducted in 2019–21 in the context of a feasibility study to investigate the possibility of developing the Boulby Underground Laboratory to host a next-generation dark matter experiment; however, our findings are also relevant for other underground laboratories.

  • Journal article
    Aaij R, Abdelmotteleb ASW, Beteta CA, Abudinén F, Ackernley T, Adeva B, Adinolfi M, Adlarson P, Agapopoulou C, Aidala CA, Ajaltouni Z, Akar S, Akiba K, Albicocco P, Albrecht J, Alessio F, Alexander M, Albero AA, Aliouche Z, Cartelle PA, Amalric R, Amato S, Amey JL, Amhis Y, An L, Anderlini L, Andersson M, Andreianov A, Andreola P, Andreotti M, Andreou D, Anelli A, Ao D, Archilli F, Argenton M, Cuendis SA, Artamonov A, Artuso M, Aslanides E, Atzeni M, Audurier B, Bacher D, Perea IB, Bachmann S, Bachmayer M, Back JJ, Rodriguez PB, Balagura V, Baldini W, de Souza Leite JB, Barbetti M, Barbosa IR, Barlow RJ, Barsuk S, Barter W, Bartolini M, Bartz J, Baryshnikov F, Basels JM, Bassi G, Batsukh B, Battig A, Bay A, Beck A, Becker M, Bedeschi F, Bediaga IB, Beiter A, Belin S, Bellee V, Belous K, Belov I, Belyaev I, Benane G, Bencivenni G, Ben-Haim E, Berezhnoy A, Bernet R, Andres SB, Bertella C, Bertolin A, Betancourt C, Betti F, Bex J, Bezshyiko I, Bhom J, Bieker MS, Biesuz NV, Billoir P, Biolchini A, Birch M, Bishop FCR, Bitadze A, Bizzeti A, Blago MP, Blake T, Blanc F, Blank JE, Blusk S, Bobulska Det al., 2024,

    Search for Bc+→π+μ+μ- decays and measurement of the branching fraction ratio B(Bc+→ψ(2S)π+)/B(Bc+→J/ψπ+)

    , European Physical Journal C, Vol: 84, ISSN: 1434-6044

    The first search for nonresonant Bc+→π+μ+μ- decays is reported. The analysis uses proton–proton collision data collected with the LHCb detector between 2011 and 2018, corresponding to an integrated luminosity of 9fb-1. No evidence for an excess of signal events over background is observed and an upper limit is set on the branching fraction ratio B(Bc+→π+μ+μ-)/B(Bc+→J/ψπ+)<2.1×10-4 at 90% confidence level. Additionally, an updated measurement of the ratio of the Bc+→ψ(2S)π+ and Bc+→J/ψπ+ branching fractions is reported. The ratio B(Bc+→ψ(2S)π+)/B(Bc+→J/ψπ+) is measured to be 0.254±0.018±0.003±0.005, where the first uncertainty is statistical, the second systematic, and the third is due to the uncertainties on the branching fractions of the leptonic J/ψ and ψ(2S) decays. This measurement is the most precise to date and is consistent with previous LHCb results.

  • Journal article
    Aaij R, Abdelmotteleb ASW, Abellan Beteta C, Abudinén F, Ackernley T, Adeva B, Adinolfi M, Adlarson P, Agapopoulou C, Aidala CA, Ajaltouni Z, Akar S, Akiba K, Albicocco P, Albrecht J, Alessio F, Alexander M, Alfonso Albero A, Aliouche Z, Alvarez Cartelle P, Amalric R, Amato S, Amey JL, Amhis Y, An L, Anderlini L, Andersson M, Andreianov A, Andreola P, Andreotti M, Andreou D, Anelli AA, Ao D, Archilli F, Argenton M, Arguedas Cuendis S, Artamonov A, Artuso M, Aslanides E, Atzeni M, Audurier B, Bacher D, Bachiller Perea I, Bachmann S, Bachmayer M, Back JJ, Bailly-Reyre A, Baladron Rodriguez P, Balagura V, Baldini W, Baptista De Souza Leite J, Barbetti M, Barbosa IR, Barlow RJ, Barsuk S, Barter W, Bartolini M, Baryshnikov F, Basels JM, Bassi G, Batsukh B, Battig A, Bay A, Beck A, Becker M, Bedeschi F, Bediaga IB, Beiter A, Belin S, Bellee V, Belous K, Belov I, Belyaev I, Benane G, Bencivenni G, Ben-Haim E, Berezhnoy A, Bernet R, Bernet Andres S, Bernstein HC, Bertella C, Bertolin A, Betancourt C, Betti F, Bex J, Bezshyiko I, Bhom J, Bieker MS, Biesuz NV, Billoir P, Biolchini A, Birch M, Bishop FCR, Bitadze A, Bizzeti A, Blago MP, Blake T, Blanc F, Blank JE, Blusk Set al., 2024,

    Measurement of forward charged hadron flow harmonics in peripheral PbPb collisions at sNN =5.02 TeV with the LHCb detector

    , Physical Review C, Vol: 109, ISSN: 2469-9985

    Flow harmonic coefficients, vn, which are the key to studying the hydrodynamics of the quark-gluon plasma (QGP) created in heavy-ion collisions, have been measured in various collision systems and kinematic regions and using various particle species. The study of flow harmonics in a wide pseudorapidity range is particularly valuable to understand the temperature dependence of the shear viscosity to entropy density ratio of the QGP. This paper presents the first LHCb results of the second- and the third-order flow harmonic coefficients of charged hadrons as a function of transverse momentum in the forward region, corresponding to pseudorapidities between 2.0 and 4.9, using the data collected from PbPb collisions in 2018 at a center-of-mass energy of 5.02 TeV. The coefficients measured using the two-particle angular correlation analysis method are smaller than the central-pseudorapidity measurements at ALICE and ATLAS from the same collision system but share similar features.

  • Journal article
    Aalbers J, Akerib DS, Al Musalhi AK, Alder F, Amarasinghe CS, Ames A, Anderson TJ, Angelides N, Araújo HM, Armstrong JE, Arthurs M, Baker A, Balashov S, Bang J, Bargemann JW, Baxter A, Beattie K, Benson T, Bhatti A, Biekert A, Biesiadzinski TP, Birch HJ, Bishop E, Blockinger GM, Boxer B, Brew CAJ, Brás P, Burdin S, Buuck M, Carmona-Benitez MC, Carter M, Chawla A, Chen H, Cherwinka JJ, Chott NI, Converse MV, Cottle A, Cox G, Curran D, Dahl CE, David A, Delgaudio J, Dey S, De Viveiros L, Ding C, Dobson JEY, Druszkiewicz E, Eriksen SR, Fan A, Fearon NM, Fiorucci S, Flaecher H, Fraser ED, Fruth TMA, Gaitskell RJ, Geffre A, Genovesi J, Ghag C, Gibbons R, Gokhale S, Green J, Van Der Grinten MGD, Hall CR, Han S, Hartigan-O'Connor E, Haselschwardt SJ, Hernandez MA, Hertel SA, Heuermann G, Homenides GJ, Horn M, Huang DQ, Hunt D, Ignarra CM, Jacquet E, James RS, Johnson J, Kaboth AC, Kamaha AC, Khaitan D, Khazov A, Khurana I, Kim J, Kingston J, Kirk R, Kodroff D, Korley L, Korolkova EV, Kraus H, Kravitz S, Kreczko L, Krikler B, Kudryavtsev VA, Lee J, Leonard DS, Lesko KT, Levy C, Lin J, Lindote A, Linehan Ret al., 2024,

    First constraints on WIMP-nucleon effective field theory couplings in an extended energy region from LUX-ZEPLIN

    , Physical Review D, Vol: 109, ISSN: 2470-0010

    Following the first science results of the LUX-ZEPLIN (LZ) experiment, a dual-phase xenon time projection chamber operating from the Sanford Underground Research Facility in Lead, South Dakota, USA, we report the initial limits on a model-independent nonrelativistic effective field theory describing the complete set of possible interactions of a weakly interacting massive particle (WIMP) with a nucleon. These results utilize the same 5.5 t fiducial mass and 60 live days of exposure collected for the LZ spin-independent and spin-dependent analyses while extending the upper limit of the energy region of interest by a factor of 7.5 to 270 keV. No significant excess in this high energy region is observed. Using a profile-likelihood ratio analysis, we report 90% confidence level exclusion limits on the coupling of each individual nonrelativistic WIMP-nucleon operator for both elastic and inelastic interactions in the isoscalar and isovector bases.

  • Journal article
    McGarrigle JM, Long KR, Prezado Y, 2024,

    The FLASH effect-an evaluation of preclinical studies of ultra-high dose rate radiotherapy

    , Frontiers in Oncology, Vol: 14, ISSN: 2234-943X

    FLASH radiotherapy (FLASH-RT) is a novel radiotherapy approach based on the use of ultra-high dose radiation to treat malignant cells. Although tumours can be reduced or eradicated using radiotherapy, toxicities induced by radiation can compromise healthy tissues. The FLASH effect is the observation that treatment delivered at an ultra-high dose rate is able to reduce adverse toxicities present at conventional dose rates. While this novel technique may provide a turning point for clinical practice, the exact mechanisms underlying the causes or influences of the FLASH effect are not fully understood. The study presented here uses data collected from 41 experimental investigations (published before March 2024) of the FLASH effect. Searchable databases were constructed to contain the outcomes of the various experiments in addition to values of beam parameters that may have a bearing on the FLASH effect. An in-depth review of the impact of the key beam parameters on the results of the experiments was carried out. Correlations between parameter values and experimental outcomes were studied. Pulse Dose Rate had positive correlations with almost all end points, suggesting viability of FLASH-RT as a new modality of radiotherapy. The collective results of this systematic review study suggest that beam parameter qualities from both FLASH and conventional radiotherapy can be valuable for tissue sparing and effective tumour treatment.

  • Journal article
    Datta A, Mazumdar D, Banerjee S, Das Iet al., 2024,

    Erratum to “Magnetic, magnetocaloric and critical behavior studies in Heusler compounds Co<inf>2-x</inf>Cr<inf>1+x</inf>Al” [J. Magn. Magn. Mater. 591 (2024) 171743] (Journal of Magnetism and Magnetic Materials (2024) 591, (S0304885324000337), (10.1016/j.jmmm.2024.171743))

    , Journal of Magnetism and Magnetic Materials, Vol: 596, ISSN: 0304-8853

    In the original article (https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jmmm.2024.171743), the units of the parameters in Table 1, and the values of the parameters in Table 3 and Table 4 are difficult to understand for a reader. The actual form of Table 1, Table 3 and Table 4 are given below. [Table prsented]

  • Journal article
    Hayrapetyan A, Tumasyan A, Adam W, Andrejkovic JW, Bergauer T, Chatterjee S, Damanakis K, Dragicevic M, Escalante Del Valle A, Hussain PS, Jeitler M, Krammer N, Liko D, Mikulec I, Schieck J, Schöfbeck R, Schwarz D, Sonawane M, Templ S, Waltenberger W, Wulz CE, Darwish MR, Janssen T, Van Mechelen P, Bols ES, DHondt J, Dansana S, De Moor A, Delcourt M, El Faham H, Lowette S, Makarenko I, Müller D, Sahasransu AR, Tavernier S, Tytgat M, Van Putte S, Vannerom D, Clerbaux B, De Lentdecker G, Favart L, Hohov D, Jaramillo J, Khalilzadeh A, Lee K, Mahdavikhorrami M, Malara A, Paredes S, Pétré L, Postiau N, Thomas L, Vanden Bemden M, Vander Velde C, Vanlaer P, De Coen M, Dobur D, Hong Y, Knolle J, Lambrecht L, Mestdach G, Rendón C, Samalan A, Skovpen K, Van Den Bossche N, Wezenbeek L, Benecke A, Bruno G, Caputo C, Delaere C, Donertas IS, Giammanco A, Jaffel K, Jain S, Lemaitre V, Lidrych J, Mastrapasqua P, Mondal K, Tran TT, Wertz S, Alves GA, Coelho E, Hensel C, Menezes De Oliveira T, Moraes A, Rebello Teles P, Soeiro M, Aldá Júnior WL, Alves Gallo Pereira M, Barroso Ferreira Filho M, Brandao Malbouisson H, Carvalho W, Chinellato J, Da Costa EM, Da Silveira GG, De Jesus Damiao D, Fonseca De Souza S, Martins J, Mora Herrera C, Mota Amarilo K, Mundim Let al., 2024,

    Search for supersymmetry in final states with disappearing tracks in proton-proton collisions at Formula Presented

    , Physical Review D, Vol: 109, ISSN: 2470-0010

    A search is presented for charged, long-lived supersymmetric particles in final states with one or more disappearing tracks. The search is based on data from proton-proton collisions at a center-of-mass energy of 13 TeV collected with the CMS detector at the CERN LHC between 2016 and 2018, corresponding to an integrated luminosity of Formula Presented. The search is performed over final states characterized by varying numbers of jets, Formula Presented-tagged jets, electrons, and muons. The length of signal-candidate tracks in the plane perpendicular to the beam axis is used to characterize the lifetimes of wino- and Higgsino-like charginos produced in the context of the minimal supersymmetric standard model. The Formula Presented energy loss of signal-candidate tracks is used to increase the sensitivity to charginos with a large mass and thus a small Lorentz boost. The observed results are found to be statistically consistent with the background-only hypothesis. Limits on the pair-production cross section of gluinos and squarks are presented in the framework of simplified models of supersymmetric particle production and decay, and for electroweakino production based on models of wino and Higgsino dark matter. The limits presented are the most stringent to date for scenarios with light third-generation squarks and a wino- or Higgsino-like dark matter candidate capable of explaining the observed dark matter relic density.

  • Journal article
    Wester T, Abe K, Bronner C, Hayato Y, Hiraide K, Hosokawa K, Ieki K, Ikeda M, Kameda J, Kanemura Y, Kaneshima R, Kashiwagi Y, Kataoka Y, Miki S, Mine S, Miura M, Moriyama S, Nakano Y, Nakahata M, Nakayama S, Noguchi Y, Sato K, Sekiya H, Shiba H, Shimizu K, Shiozawa M, Sonoda Y, Suzuki Y, Takeda A, Takemoto Y, Tanaka H, Yano T, Han S, Kajita T, Okumura K, Tashiro T, Tomiya T, Wang X, Yoshida S, Fernandez P, Labarga L, Ospina N, Zaldivar B, Pointon BW, Kearns E, Raaf JL, Wan L, Bian J, Griskevich NJ, Locke S, Smy MB, Sobel HW, Takhistov V, Yankelevich A, Hill J, Lee SH, Moon DH, Park RG, Bodur B, Scholberg K, Walter CW, Beauchêne A, Drapier O, Giampaolo A, Mueller TA, Santos AD, Paganini P, Quilain B, Nakamura T, Jang JS, Machado LN, Learned JG, Choi K, Iovine N, Cao S, Anthony LHV, Martin D, Prouse NW, Scott M, Sztuc AA, Uchida Y, Berardi V, Catanesi MG, Radicioni E, Calabria NF, Langella A, De Rosa G, Collazuol G, Iacob F, Mattiazzi M, Ludovici L, Gonin M, Pronost G, Fujisawa C, Maekawa Y, Nishimura Y, Okazaki R, Akutsu R, Friend M, Hasegawa Tet al., 2024,

    Atmospheric neutrino oscillation analysis with neutron tagging and an expanded fiducial volume in Super-Kamiokande I-V

    , Physical Review D, Vol: 109, ISSN: 2470-0010

    We present a measurement of neutrino oscillation parameters with the Super-Kamiokande detector using atmospheric neutrinos from the complete pure-water SK I-V (April 1996-July 2020) dataset, including events from an expanded fiducial volume. The dataset corresponds to 6511.3 live days and an exposure of 484.2 kiloton-years. Measurements of the neutrino oscillation parameters Δm322, sin2θ23, sin2θ13, δCP, and the preference for the neutrino mass ordering are presented with atmospheric neutrino data alone, and with constraints on sin2θ13 from reactor neutrino experiments. Our analysis including constraints on sin2θ13 favors the normal mass ordering at the 92.3% level.

  • Journal article
    Hayrapetyan A, Tumasyan A, Adam W, Andrejkovic JW, Bergauer T, Chatterjee S, Damanakis K, Dragicevic M, Escalante Del Valle A, Hussain PS, Jeitler M, Krammer N, Liko D, Mikulec I, Schieck J, Schöfbeck R, Schwarz D, Sonawane M, Templ S, Waltenberger W, Wulz CE, Darwish MR, Janssen T, Van Mechelen P, Bols ES, DHondt J, Dansana S, De Moor A, Delcourt M, El Faham H, Lowette S, Makarenko I, Müller D, Sahasransu AR, Tavernier S, Tytgat M, Van Putte S, Vannerom D, Clerbaux B, De Lentdecker G, Favart L, Hohov D, Jaramillo J, Khalilzadeh A, Lee K, Mahdavikhorrami M, Malara A, Paredes S, Pétré L, Postiau N, Thomas L, Vanden Bemden M, Vander Velde C, Vanlaer P, De Coen M, Dobur D, Hong Y, Knolle J, Lambrecht L, Mestdach G, Rendón C, Samalan A, Skovpen K, Van Den Bossche N, Wezenbeek L, Benecke A, Bruno G, Caputo C, Delaere C, Donertas IS, Giammanco A, Jaffel K, Jain S, Lemaitre V, Lidrych J, Mastrapasqua P, Mondal K, Tran TT, Wertz S, Alves GA, Coelho E, Hensel C, Menezes De Oliveira T, Moraes A, Rebello Teles P, Soeiro M, Aldá Júnior WL, Alves Gallo Pereira M, Barroso Ferreira Filho M, Brandao Malbouisson H, Carvalho W, Chinellato J, Da Costa EM, Da Silveira GG, De Jesus Damiao D, Fonseca De Souza S, Martins J, Mora Herrera C, Mota Amarilo K, Mundim Let al., 2024,

    Search for flavor changing neutral current interactions of the top quark in final states with a photon and additional jets in proton-proton collisions at Formula Presented

    , Physical Review D, Vol: 109, ISSN: 2470-0010

    A search for the production of a top quark in association with a photon and additional jets via flavor changing neutral current interactions is presented. The analysis uses proton-proton collision data recorded by the CMS detector at a center-of-mass energy of 13 TeV, corresponding to an integrated luminosity of Formula Presented. The search is performed by looking for processes where a single top quark is produced in association with a photon, or a pair of top quarks where one of the top quarks decays into a photon and an up or charm quark. Events with an electron or a muon, a photon, one or more jets, and missing transverse momentum are selected. Multivariate analysis techniques are used to discriminate signal and standard model background processes. No significant deviation is observed over the predicted background. Observed (expected) upper limits are set on the branching fractions of top quark decays: Formula Presented (Formula Presented) and Formula Presented (Formula Presented) at 95% confidence level, assuming a single nonzero coupling at a time. The obtained limit for Formula Presented is similar to the current best limit, while the limit for Formula Presented is significantly tighter than previous results.

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