Citation

BibTex format

@article{Guglielmo:10.1186/s12936-020-03538-5,
author = {Guglielmo, F and Sanou, A and Churcher, TS and Ferguson, HM and Ranson, H and Sherrard-Smith, E},
doi = {10.1186/s12936-020-03538-5},
journal = {Malaria Journal},
title = {Quantifying the individual variability in people’s exposure to mosquito bites in Burkina Faso},
url = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12936-020-03538-5},
}

RIS format (EndNote, RefMan)

TY  - JOUR
AB - <jats:title>Abstract</jats:title> <jats:p><jats:bold>Background</jats:bold>The Cascades Region, Burkina Faso, has high malaria burden despite reported high insecticide treated bed net (ITN) use. Human and vector activities outside the hours when indoor interventions offer direct protection from infectious bites potentially increase exposure risk to bites from malaria-transmitting <jats:italic>Anopheles </jats:italic>mosquitoes. We investigate the degree of variation in human behaviour both between individuals and through time (season) to quantify how it impacts exposure to malaria vectors.<jats:bold>Methods</jats:bold>Patterns in human overnight activity (18:00-06:00) to quantify time spent using an ITN across 7 successive nights in two rural communities, Niakore (N = 24 participants) and Toma (71 participants), were observed in the dry and rainy seasons, between 2017-2018. Hourly human landing <jats:italic>Anopheles </jats:italic>mosquito catches were conducted in Niakore specifically, and Cascades Region generally, between 2016-2017. Data were statistically combined to estimate seasonal variation in time spent outdoors and <jats:italic>Anopheles </jats:italic>bites received per person per night (bpppn).<jats:bold>Results</jats:bold>Substantial variability in exposure to outdoor <jats:italic>Anopheles</jats:italic> bites was detected within and between communities and across seasons. In October, when <jats:italic>Anopheles </jats:italic>densities are highest, an individual’s risk of <jats:italic>Anopheles</jats:italic> bites ranged from 2.2 to 52.2 bpppn within the same week with variable risk dependent on hours spent indoors. Comparably higher outdoor human activity was observed in April and July but, due to lower <jats:italic>Anopheles </jats:italic>densities estimated bpppn were 0.2 – 4.7 bpppn, and 0.5 &nda
AU - Guglielmo,F
AU - Sanou,A
AU - Churcher,TS
AU - Ferguson,HM
AU - Ranson,H
AU - Sherrard-Smith,E
DO - 10.1186/s12936-020-03538-5
TI - Quantifying the individual variability in people’s exposure to mosquito bites in Burkina Faso
T2 - Malaria Journal
UR - http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12936-020-03538-5
ER -