BibTex format

author = {Braakman, ST and Pedrigi, RM and Read, AT and Smith, JAE and Stamer, WD and Ethier, CR and Overby, DR},
doi = {10.1016/j.exer.2014.08.003},
journal = {Experimental Eye Research},
pages = {224--235},
title = {Biomechanical strain as a trigger for pore formation in Schlemm's canal endothelial cells},
url = {},
volume = {127},
year = {2014}

RIS format (EndNote, RefMan)

AB - The bulk of aqueous humor passing through the conventional outflow pathway must cross the inner wall endothelium of Schlemm's canal (SC), likely through micron-sized transendothelial pores. SC pore density is reduced in glaucoma, possibly contributing to obstructed aqueous humor outflow and elevated intraocular pressure (IOP). Little is known about the mechanisms of pore formation; however, pores are often observed near dome-like cellular outpouchings known as giant vacuoles (GVs) where significant biomechanical strain acts on SC cells. We hypothesize that biomechanical strain triggers pore formation in SC cells. To test this hypothesis, primary human SC cells were isolated from three non-glaucomatous donors (aged 34, 44 and 68), and seeded on collagen-coated elastic membranes held within a membrane stretching device. Membranes were then exposed to 0%, 10% or 20% equibiaxial strain, and the cells were aldehyde-fixed 5 min after the onset of strain. Each membrane contained 3-4 separate monolayers of SC cells as replicates (N = 34 total monolayers), and pores were assessed by scanning electron microscopy in 12 randomly selected regions (∼65,000 μm2 per monolayer). Pores were identified and counted by four independent masked observers. Pore density increased with strain in all three cell lines (p < 0.010), increasing from 87 ± 36 pores/mm2 at 0% strain to 342 ± 71 at 10% strain; two of the three cell lines showed no additional increase in pore density beyond 10% strain. Transcellular “I-pores” and paracellular “B-pores” both increased with strain (p < 0.038), however B-pores represented the majority (76%) of pores. Pore diameter, in contrast, appeared unaffected by strain (p = 0.25), having a mean diameter of 0.40 μm for I-pores (N = 79 pores) and 0.67 μm for B-pores (N = 350 pores). Pore formation appears to be a mechanosensitive process that is triggered by biomechanical strain, suggesting that SC cells have th
AU - Braakman,ST
AU - Pedrigi,RM
AU - Read,AT
AU - Smith,JAE
AU - Stamer,WD
AU - Ethier,CR
AU - Overby,DR
DO - 10.1016/j.exer.2014.08.003
EP - 235
PY - 2014///
SN - 1096-0007
SP - 224
TI - Biomechanical strain as a trigger for pore formation in Schlemm's canal endothelial cells
T2 - Experimental Eye Research
UR -
UR -
VL - 127
ER -