Cancer and nutritional epidemiology
Despite the progress made in the investigation and understanding of the causes of cancer, the number of cases in the world has increased consistently in the past decades, with more than 14 million new cases per year worldwide. These numbers are expected to rise in the future making cancer prevention a real challenge for health services and society.
Cancer is a complex disease that is influenced by several environmental, lifestyle and genetic factors. In the School of Public Health, we tackle this problem by investigating the link between cancer and lifestyle, nutrition, anthropometry, metabolism and environmental factors in very large population studies.
The results obtained from these epidemiological studies can make a real difference in the way we approach cancer prevention. It is therefore very important that the public and the policy-makers are up-to-date with the latest scientific evidence. Researchers at Imperial College work collaboratively with the World Cancer Research Fund (WCRF) International on the Continuous Update Project (CUP), which aims to systematically review the scientific evidence on diet, nutrition, physical activity, and cancer risk and survival. The CUP provides the basis for the cancer prevention recommendations issued by international bodies and charities such as WHO and WCRF International, which guide the public towards behavioural changes to reduce the risk of developing cancer.
European Prospective Investigation into Cancer (EPIC) study
The EPIC study is a large prospective cohort including 521,000 men and women from 24 centres in 10 European Countries. EPIC has generated some very high impact findings on the association of different exposures with cancer and other chronic diseases.
Airwave Health Monitoring Study
The Airwave study is a large prospective occupational cohort study that aims to study the effect on health and cancer incidence of Terrestrial Trunked Radio exposure (TETRA), a digital communication system used by the police workforce which operates in a similar way to conventional mobile phone technology.