BibTex format

author = {Trotta, D and Horbury, TS and Lario, D and Vainio, R and Dresing, N and Dimmock, A and Giacalone, J and Hietala, H and Wimmer-Schweingruber, RF and Berger, L and Yang, L},
doi = {2041-8213/ad03f6},
journal = {Astrophysical Journal Letters},
title = {Irregular Proton Injection to High Energies at Interplanetary Shocks},
url = {},
volume = {957},
year = {2023}

RIS format (EndNote, RefMan)

AB - How thermal particles are accelerated to suprathermal energies is an unsolved issue, crucial for many astrophysical systems. We report novel observations of irregular, dispersive enhancements of the suprathermal particle population upstream of a high-Mach-number interplanetary shock. We interpret the observed behavior as irregular “injections” of suprathermal particles resulting from shock front irregularities. Our findings, directly compared to self-consistent simulation results, provide important insights for the study of remote astrophysical systems where shock structuring is often neglected.
AU - Trotta,D
AU - Horbury,TS
AU - Lario,D
AU - Vainio,R
AU - Dresing,N
AU - Dimmock,A
AU - Giacalone,J
AU - Hietala,H
AU - Wimmer-Schweingruber,RF
AU - Berger,L
AU - Yang,L
DO - 2041-8213/ad03f6
PY - 2023///
SN - 2041-8205
TI - Irregular Proton Injection to High Energies at Interplanetary Shocks
T2 - Astrophysical Journal Letters
UR -
VL - 957
ER -