Our InsightTM FD Mini C-Arm Fluoroscan is a portable machine that can produce digital x-ray images. It allows us to image skeletal tissue in situ before or after experimental testing. We have used the C-arm to observe positioning of sensors prior to testing and skeletal damage in between tests and after testing. 

C-Arm FluoroscopeTechnical Specifications

X-Ray source: grounded tungsten anode X-ray tube, 7.5 W
Focal spot size: 0.045 mm
Tube range: 40 – 75 kVp
Current range: 0.020 – 0.100 mA
Maximum output: 0.1 mA @ 75 kVp


Laser alignment light
Image receptor
- CsI high sensitivity CMOS flat plate detector
- Full 180o (+/- 90o) detector rotation
- 75 micron pixel array
- Resolution: 2 k × 1.5 k
- Field of view: 14.5 cm × 11.4 cm (full field), 11.2 cm × 11.2 cm (limited field)


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Newell N, Carpanen D, Evans JH, et al. Mechanical Function of the Nucleus Pulposus of the Intervertebral Disc under High Rates of Loading. Spine (Phila Pa 1976) 2019;44:1035–41. doi:10.1097/BRS.0000000000003092

Carpanen D, Kedgley AE, Shah DS, et al. Injury risk of interphalangeal and metacarpophalangeal joints under impact loading. J Mech Behav Biomed Mater 2019;97:306–11. doi:10.1016/j.jmbbm.2019.05.037

Nguyen TTN, Carpanen D, Stinner D, et al. The risk of fracture to the tibia from a fragment simulating projectile. J Mech Behav Biomed Mater 2020;102:103525. doi:10.1016/j.jmbbm.2019.103525

Rankin IA, Nguyen TT, Carpanen D, et al. A New Understanding of the Mechanism of Injury to the Pelvis and Lower Limbs in Blast. Front Bioeng Biotechnol 2020;8:960. doi:10.3389/fbioe.2020.00960

Nguyen TTN, Carpanen D, Rankin IA, et al. Mapping the Risk of Fracture of the Tibia From Penetrating Fragments. Front Bioeng Biotechnol 2020;8. doi:10.3389/fbioe.2020.544214

Rankin IA, Nguyen TT, Carpanen D, et al. Restricting Lower Limb Flail is Key to Preventing Fatal Pelvic Blast Injury. Ann Biomed Eng 2019;47:2232–40. doi:10.1007/s10439-019-02296-z