A highlight of this Focus Area is the work on paediatric blast injury. This builds on the Paediatric Blast Injury Partnership, a partnership established by researchers at Imperial College London and Save the Children, and the production of the Paediatric Blast Injury Field Manual that was released in 2019. The specific nature of blast injuries in children means that there are unique challenges for first responders and clinicians, but also for longer-term requirements such as rehabilitation. Little research has been undertaken in the field of paediatric blast injury to date, but the research in this Focus Area uses data that is available, to better understand the nature of childhood injuries, how they differ from adult injuries, and the potential impact on children as they grow. The work in this Focus Area dovetails closely with the work in the Conflict & Blast and Resource Constrained and Humanitarian Settings Focus Areas.