BibTex format

author = {Zhang, Q and Filippi, SL and Flaxman, S and Sejdinovic, D},
title = {Feature-to-feature regression for a two-step conditional independence test},
url = {},
year = {2017}

RIS format (EndNote, RefMan)

AB - The algorithms for causal discovery and morebroadly for learning the structure of graphicalmodels require well calibrated and consistentconditional independence (CI) tests. We revisitthe CI tests which are based on two-step proceduresand involve regression with subsequent(unconditional) independence test (RESIT) onregression residuals and investigate the assumptionsunder which these tests operate. In particular,we demonstrate that when going beyond simplefunctional relationships with additive noise,such tests can lead to an inflated number of falsediscoveries. We study the relationship of thesetests with those based on dependence measuresusing reproducing kernel Hilbert spaces (RKHS)and propose an extension of RESIT which usesRKHS-valued regression. The resulting test inheritsthe simple two-step testing procedure ofRESIT, while giving correct Type I control andcompetitive power. When used as a componentof the PC algorithm, the proposed test is morerobust to the case where hidden variables inducea switching behaviour in the associations presentin the data.
AU - Zhang,Q
AU - Filippi,SL
AU - Flaxman,S
AU - Sejdinovic,D
PY - 2017///
TI - Feature-to-feature regression for a two-step conditional independence test
UR -
ER -