Many Tribology Group publications are Open Access thanks to funding from the EPSRC.


BibTex format

author = {Vladescu, SC and Marx, N and Fernández, L and Barceló, F and Spikes, HA},
doi = {10.1007/s11249-018-1080-4},
journal = {Tribology Letters},
title = {Hydrodynamic friction of viscosity-modified oils in a journal bearing machine},
url = {},
volume = {66},
year = {2018}

RIS format (EndNote, RefMan)

AB - The friction properties of a range of viscosity modifier-containing oils in an engine bearing have been studied in the hydrodynamic regime using a combined experimental and modelling approach. The viscometric properties of these oils were previously measured and single equations derived to describe how their viscosities vary with temperature and shear rate (Marx et al. Tribol Lett 66:92, 2018). A journal bearing machine has been used to measure the friction properties of the test oils at various oil supply temperatures, while simultaneously measuring bearing temperature using an embedded thermocouple. This shows the importance of taking account of thermal response in journal bearings since the operating oil film temperature is often considerably higher than the oil supply temperature. For Newtonian oils, friction coefficient measurements made over a wide range of speeds, loads and oil supply temperatures collapse onto a single Stribeck curve when the viscosity used in determining the Stribeck number is based on an effective oil film temperature. Journal bearing machine measurements on VM-containing oils show that these give lower friction than a Newtonian reference oil. A thermo-hydrodynamic model incorporating shear thinning has been used to explore further the frictional properties of the VM-containing oils. These confirm the findings of the journal bearing experiments and show that two key factors determine the friction of the engine bearing; (i) the low shear rate viscosity of the oil at the effective bearing temperature and (ii) the extent to which the blend shear thins at the high shear rate present in the bearing.
AU - Vladescu,SC
AU - Marx,N
AU - Fernández,L
AU - Barceló,F
AU - Spikes,HA
DO - 10.1007/s11249-018-1080-4
PY - 2018///
SN - 1023-8883
TI - Hydrodynamic friction of viscosity-modified oils in a journal bearing machine
T2 - Tribology Letters
UR -
UR -
VL - 66
ER -