BibTex format

author = {Martinez-Gili, L and Gordon, H and Blad, W and McDonald, JAK and Holmes, E and Marchesi, JR and Harbord, M},
pages = {I601--I602},
publisher = {Oxford University Press},
title = {Gut bacteria composition and familiality echo Inflammatory Bowel Disease type and pathological spectrum},
url = {},
year = {2022}

RIS format (EndNote, RefMan)

AB - BackgroundInflammatory bowel disease (IBD) aetiology encompasses genetic and environmental factors. Twin studies provide valuable insights to the familial degree (shared genetics and environment) of observed phenotypes. We characterised the gut bacterial composition of twins with IBD to find taxa associated with disease and estimate their familiality.MethodsFaecal samples were collected from 88 monozygotic (MZ) and dizygotic (DZ) twin pairs concordant or discordant for Crohn’s disease (CD; 26 MZ; 19 DZ) or ulcerative colitis (UC; 16 MZ; 27 DZ). The 16S rRNA gene was sequenced and amplicon sequence variants (ASV) generated. ANCOM software was used to assess differences in IBD vs. non-IBD, stratifying by disease type (CD/UC) and adjusting for age, gender and smoking. Twin pair and zygosity were added as random effects to estimate familiality, defined as percentage of variation due to common environment and genetics. IBD-affected twins were used for differences in disease location or treatment. Participants reporting antibiotic/probiotic treatment within the last 3 months or with a stoma/pouch were not included. In UC, surgery-naive patients were compared to an excluded subset who underwent ileostomy or pouch surgery without any recent antibiotic courses.ResultsDisease concordance in MZ twins was higher in CD (54%) than UC (19%). Alpha diversity was lower in CD, but not UC, and in ileostomy and pouch vs. surgery-naive UC. Principal component analysis showed that CD-affected twins clustered apart from non-IBD ones (Figure 1A). Familiality was lower in CD, with 5% of ASVs having familiality > 50%, compared to 17% in UC (Figure 1B). Two Lachnospirales order ASVs were less abundant in UC, while 15 ASVs from Clostridia, Bacteroidia, Bacilli and Coriobacteriia classes differentiated CD from non-IBD. Firmicutes were higher in CD (β= 0.95; 95%CI [0.34,1.56]), while no phyla changed in UC. Veillonella, Barnesiella, Faecalimonas and Holdemania genera had opposite t
AU - Martinez-Gili,L
AU - Gordon,H
AU - Blad,W
AU - McDonald,JAK
AU - Holmes,E
AU - Marchesi,JR
AU - Harbord,M
EP - 602
PB - Oxford University Press
PY - 2022///
SN - 1873-9946
SP - 601
TI - Gut bacteria composition and familiality echo Inflammatory Bowel Disease type and pathological spectrum
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