BibTex format

author = {Laverty, A and Millett, C and Filippidis, FT},
doi = {10.1136/tobaccocontrol-2019-055299},
journal = {Tobacco Control},
pages = {111--113},
title = {Associations between cigarette prices and consumption in Europe 2004 - 2014},
url = {},
volume = {30},
year = {2020}

RIS format (EndNote, RefMan)

AB - IntroductionWhile tobacco price increases are known to reduce smoking prevalence, these relationships may be blunted by the availability of budget cigarettes, promoted by the tobacco industry to maintain profits. There has been limited previous research on the impact of budget cigarettes on cigarette consumption and used data from Europe 2004-2014 to investigate this.MethodsAnnual population-weighted cigarette consumption per adult data come from the International Cigarette Consumption Database. Annual tobacco price data come from Euromonitor International for 23 European countries. We examined median prices as well as price differentials, operationalised as percentages obtained by dividing the difference between median and minimum prices by median price. We used a linear random-effects model to assess associations between these and cigarette consumption within-year and with a one-year time lag.ResultsCigarette consumption per capita has declined over the study period (-29.5 cigarettes per capita per year, 95% Confidence Intervals -46.8 to -12.1). Our analysis suggests that increases in cigarette price differentials, a marker of opportunities for smokers to switch to less expensive cigarettes, are associated with greater consumption in the same year (+6.4 for a 10% increase in differential, -40.0 to 52.6) and are associated with greater consumption the following year (+67.6, 25.8 to 109.5). ConclusionThese analyses suggest that even in Europe where tobacco taxes are relatively high compared with other regions, differential cigarette pricing strategies may undermine tobacco control. Further research is needed on links between tobacco price structures and consumption and policy design to maximise the effectiveness of tobacco tax.
AU - Laverty,A
AU - Millett,C
AU - Filippidis,FT
DO - 10.1136/tobaccocontrol-2019-055299
EP - 113
PY - 2020///
SN - 0964-4563
SP - 111
TI - Associations between cigarette prices and consumption in Europe 2004 - 2014
T2 - Tobacco Control
UR -
UR -
VL - 30
ER -