BibTex format

author = {Roe, C and Feng, X and White, G and Li, R and Wang, H and Rui, X and Li, C and Zhang, F and Null, V and Parkes, M and Patel, Y and Wang, Y and Wang, H and Ouyang, M and Offer, G and Wu, B},
doi = {10.1016/j.jpowsour.2022.231094},
journal = {Journal of Power Sources},
pages = {231094--231094},
title = {Immersion cooling for lithium-ion batteries – a review},
url = {},
volume = {525},
year = {2022}

RIS format (EndNote, RefMan)

AB - Battery thermal management systems are critical for high performance electric vehicles, where the ability to remove heat and homogenise temperature distributions in single cells and packs are key considerations. Immersion cooling, which submerges the battery in a dielectric fluid, has the potential of increasing the rate of heat transfer by 10,000 times relative to passive air cooling. In 2-phase systems, this performance increase is achieved through the latent heat of evaporation of the liquid-to-gas phase transition and the resulting turbulent 2-phase fluid flow. However, 2-phase systems require additional system complexity, and single-phase direct contact immersion cooling can still offer up to 1,000 times improvements in heat transfer over air cooled systems. Fluids which have been considered include: hydrofluoroethers, mineral oils, esters and water-glycol mixtures. This review therefore presents the current state-of-the-art in immersion cooling of lithium-ion batteries, discussing the performance implications of immersion cooling but also identifying gaps in the literature which include a lack of studies considering the lifetime, fluid stability, material compatibility, understanding around sustainability and use of immersion for battery safety. Insights from this review will therefore help researchers and developers, from academia and industry, towards creating higher power, safer and more durable electric vehicles.
AU - Roe,C
AU - Feng,X
AU - White,G
AU - Li,R
AU - Wang,H
AU - Rui,X
AU - Li,C
AU - Zhang,F
AU - Null,V
AU - Parkes,M
AU - Patel,Y
AU - Wang,Y
AU - Wang,H
AU - Ouyang,M
AU - Offer,G
AU - Wu,B
DO - 10.1016/j.jpowsour.2022.231094
EP - 231094
PY - 2022///
SN - 0378-7753
SP - 231094
TI - Immersion cooling for lithium-ion batteries – a review
T2 - Journal of Power Sources
UR -
UR -
UR -
VL - 525
ER -