wholeSEM will build and link energy models to provide a fundamental underpinning role for the UK’s national strategic energy modelling activity. The consortium will provide continuity of funding to develop new models, retain human capacity, and link modelling frameworks in innovative ways to answer new research questions.  

The consortium will employ extensive integration mechanisms to link and apply interdisciplinary models to key energy policy problems, with substantive bilateral engagement with stakeholders in academia, government and industry. The consortium is led by University College London and consists of Imperial College London (Co-PIs: Prof. Goran Strbac and Prof. Nilay Shah), the University of Cambridge and the University of Surrey. The consortium is funded by EPSRC.

Prioritising on key modelling areas of high relevance to energy systems, innovative interdisciplinary analyses will generate a range of new, forward looking insights. Overview research themes and their key questions are:

Behaviour, Practices and Demand led by University of Surrey: How does energy demand co-evolve with changes in practice, supply, and policy?
Technology Innovation and Diffusion led by UCL: How will the endogenous, uncertain, and path dependent process of technological change impact future energy systems?
Infrastructure and Supply led by ICL: How can the energy supply-demand system be optimised over multiple energy vectors and infrastructures?
Environmental and Economic Impacts led by Cambridge University: What are the major future physical and economic interactions and stresses between the UK energy system and the broader environment?

Imperial’s contributions to WholeSEM

The nature of Imperial’s contributions to WholeSEM relate to the following key concepts:

-          The need to include spatial and temporal details into future energy system models.
-          The need to include key infrastructure and decisions on its investment and development in future energy system models.
-          Exploring  the role of flexible technologies, primarily focusing on energy storage and demand side response, in increasing the ability of the GB system to accommodate low carbon electricity generation (e.g. intermittent renewables and inflexible nuclear).

Imperial College collaborates with the other consortium members to develop models and link them in order to address cross disciplinary questions related to energy systems.


CAP people



  • Professor Neil Strachan (Principal Investigator)
  • Dr Ilkka Keppo (Co-Investigator)
  • Dr Hannah Daly
  • Ms Birgit Fais
  • Dr James Price
  • Dr Matthew Winning
  • Ms Marianne Zeyringer

University of Cambridge

  • Professor Julian Allwood (Co-Investigator)
  • Dr Dennis Konadu
  • Ms Alexandra Skelton
  • Dr Zenaida Sobral-Mourao

Imperial College London

  • Professor Nilay Shah (Co-Investigator)
  • Professor Goran Strbec (Co-Investigator)
  • Dr Rodrigo Moreno
  • Dr Meysam Qadrdan
  • Dr Sheila Samsatli

University of Surrey

  • Professor Nigel Gilbert (Co-Investigator)
  • Dr Tom Roberts
  • Dr Maria Xenitidou