BibTex format

author = {Carmine, L and Aristodemou, E and Pain, C and Muggeridge, A},
doi = {10.1111/j.1365-2478.2007.00655.x},
journal = {Geophysical Prospecting},
pages = {115--140},
title = {Inversion of time-dependent nuclear well-logging data using neural networks},
url = {},
volume = {56},
year = {2008}

RIS format (EndNote, RefMan)

AB - The purpose of this work was to investigate a new and fast inversion methodology for the prediction of subsurface formation properties such as porosity, salinity and oil saturation, using time-dependent nuclear well logging data. Although the ultimate aim is to apply the technique to real-field data, an initial investigation as described in this paper, was first required; this has been carried out using simulation results from the time-dependent radiation transport problem within a borehole. Simulated neutron and gamma-ray fluxes at two sodium iodide (NaI) detectors, one near and one far from a pulsed neutron source emitting at similar to 14 MeV, were used for the investigation. A total of 67 energy groups from the BUGLE96 cross section library together with 567 property combinations were employed for the original flux response generation, achieved by solving numerically the time-dependent Boltzmann radiation transport equation in its even parity form. Material property combinations (scenarios) and their correspondent teaching outputs (flux response at detectors) are used to train the Artificial Neural Networks (ANNs) and test data is used to assess the accuracy of the ANNs. The trained networks are then used to produce a surrogate model of the expensive, in terms of computational time and resources, forward model with which a simple inversion method is applied to calculate material properties from the time evolution of flux responses at the two detectors. The inversion technique uses a fast surrogate model comprising 8026 artificial neural networks, which consist of an input layer with three input units (neurons) for porosity, salinity and oil saturation; and two hidden layers and one output neuron representing the scalar photon or neutron flux prediction at the detector. This is the first time this technique has been applied to invert pulsed neutron logging tool information and the results produced are very promising. The next step in the procedure is to apply th
AU - Carmine,L
AU - Aristodemou,E
AU - Pain,C
AU - Muggeridge,A
DO - 10.1111/j.1365-2478.2007.00655.x
EP - 140
PY - 2008///
SN - 0016-8025
SP - 115
TI - Inversion of time-dependent nuclear well-logging data using neural networks
T2 - Geophysical Prospecting
UR -
VL - 56
ER -